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Manipulation of Files in a WPF Application

By Shubham Srivastava on February 12, 2012
As a developer you must have the ability to work in the file input and output system. By this we mean opening and processing things like text files, html files, word docs, etc.
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Introduction

File manipulation is necessary function in any language. As a developer you must have the ability to work in the file input and output system. By this we mean opening and processing things like text files, html files, word docs, etc. Here we will learn how we will read & write a text file with the C# language; for doing that, we have to import first the System.IO namespace and we will use mainly three classes FileStream, StreamReader, StreamWriter.

wpftxt1.gif

Step 1: Open Visual Studio.

  • Select new -> project
  • Select your preferred language
  • Select a WPF application
  • Name the project
  • Now name of project is "WpfTextFile"

 wpf2.gif

wpf3.gif

Step  2 : Open the Toolbox of WPF application.

  • Drag & Drop two button controls onto the design view.
  • Drag & Drop one TextBox control onto the design view.

    wpf4.gif

Step 3 : Now, the final source code of the XAML page is given below:

Code

<Window x:Class="WpfOpenFile.MainWindow"

        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"

        Title="MainWindow" Height="350" Width="525">
    <Grid>
        <TextBox Height="129" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="76,70,0,0" Name="textBox1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="289" />
        <Button Content="Show" Height="23" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="110,254,0,0" Name="button1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="75"
Click="Open_show" />
        <Button Content="Write" Height="23" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Margin="0,254,163,0" Name="button2" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="75"
Click="button2_Click" />
    </Grid>
</
Window>

Step 4 : Now, the Open_show button click code is in the Page1.xaml.cs file.

Code

 private void Open_show(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    {
        String File_name = "D:\\shubhi\\Test.txt";
        if (System.IO.File.Exists(File_name) == true)
        {
            System.IO.StreamReader objReader;
            objReader = new StreamReader(File_name);
            textBox1.Text = objReader.ReadToEnd();
            objReader.Close();           
        }
        else
        {
            MessageBox.Show("File Not Exist");
        }
    }
}

Step 5 : Now, the Write button click code is in the Page1.xaml.cs file.

Code

private void button2_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    String File_name = "D:\\shubhi\\Test.txt";
    if (System.IO.File.Exists(File_name) == true)
    {              
        FileStream fs = new FileStream(File_name, FileMode.Append, FileAccess.Write);
        StreamWriter objWrite = new StreamWriter(fs);
        objWrite.Write(textBox1.Text);
        objWrite.Close();
    }
    else
    {
        FileStream fs = new FileStream(File_name, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write);
        StreamWriter objWrite = new StreamWriter(fs);
        objWrite.Write(textBox1.Text);
        objWrite.Close();
    }
    textBox1.Clear();
}

Step 6  : Now, the final source code in the Page1.xaml.cs file.

Code 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using System.IO;

namespace WpfOpenFile

{
    /// <summary>
    /// Interaction logic for MainWindow.xaml
    /// </summary>
    public partial class MainWindow : Window
    {
        public MainWindow()

        {

            InitializeComponent();
        }
 
        private void Open_show(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            String File_name = "D:\\shubhi\\Test.txt";
            if (System.IO.File.Exists(File_name) == true)

            {
                System.IO.StreamReader objReader;
                objReader = new StreamReader(File_name);
                textBox1.Text = objReader.ReadToEnd();
                objReader.Close();

            }

            else

            {
                MessageBox.Show("File Not Exist");

            }
        }
 
        private void button2_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {
            String File_name = "D:\\shubhi\\Test.txt"

             FileStream fs = new FileStream(File_name, FileMode.Append, FileAccess.Write);
            if (System.IO.File.Exists(File_name) == true)
            {

               StreamWriter objWrite = new StreamWriter(fs);
                objWrite.Write(textBox1.Text);
                objWrite.Close();
            }
            else
            {
                FileStream fs = new FileStream(File_name, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write);
                StreamWriter objWrite = new StreamWriter(fs);
                objWrite.Write(textBox1.Text);
                objWrite.Close();
            }
            textBox1.Clear();
        }
    }
}

Output

Output from the Write button click.

result.gif

Output from the show button click.

result2.gif

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