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Play With Func Delegates

Posted by Vijay Prativadi Articles | C# Language October 06, 2012
Today, in this article let’s play around with one of the interesting and most useful concepts in C#.
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Introduction

Today, in this article let's play around with one of the interesting and most useful concepts in C#.

Question: What is func delegates?

In simple terms "It is an instant startup powerful delegate. The usage of this is very light-weight whereby it just requires input and output return types as Func<in: type, out: result>".

Step 1: Create a new webform project

 
Output1.jpg
 

Step 2: The complete code of webform1.aspx looks like this:

 

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="FuncDelegates._Default" %>

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

<head id="Head1" runat="server">

    <title></title>

</head>

<body>

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

    <center>

        <div>

            <table>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text="Func Delegates" Font-Bold="true" Font-Size="Large"

                            Font-Names="Verdana" ForeColor="Maroon"></asp:Label>

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td>

                        <asp:Label ID="Label6" runat="server" Text="Please Enter FirstNumber" Font-Size="Large"

                            Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Italic="true"></asp:Label>

                    </td>

                    <td>

                        <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox4" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td>

                        <asp:Label ID="Label2" runat="server" Text="Please Enter SecondNumber" Font-Size="Large"

                            Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Italic="true"></asp:Label>

                    </td>

                    <td>

                        <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Text="Addition" Font-Names="Verdana" Width="213px"

                            BackColor="Orange" Font-Bold="True" OnClick="Button1_Click" />

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Button ID="Button2" runat="server" Text="Substraction" Font-Names="Verdana"

                            Width="213px" BackColor="Orange" Font-Bold="True" OnClick="Button2_Click" />

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Button ID="Button3" runat="server" Text="Multiplication" Font-Names="Verdana"

                            Width="213px" BackColor="Orange" Font-Bold="True" OnClick="Button3_Click" />

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Button ID="Button4" runat="server" Text="Division" Font-Names="Verdana" Width="213px"

                            BackColor="Orange" Font-Bold="True" OnClick="Button4_Click" />

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Label ID="Label5" runat="server" Font-Bold="true" Font-Names="Verdana" ForeColor="Maroon"></asp:Label>

                    </td>

                </tr>

            </table>

        </div>

    </center>

    </form>

</body>

</html>
 

Step 3: The complete code of webform1.aspx.cs looks like this:

 

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Web;

using System.Web.UI;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

namespace FuncDelegates

{

    public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page

    {

        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

        }

        protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox1.Text) || string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox4.Text))

            {

                Label5.Text = "Please Enter Some Values";

                Label5.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;

            }

            else

            {

                Func<double, double, double> obj_Add = (r, q) => r + q; Label5.Text = "The Addition Result is " + obj_Add(double.Parse(TextBox4.Text), double.Parse(TextBox1.Text));

                Label5.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;

                TextBox1.Text = string.Empty; TextBox4.Text = string.Empty;

            }

        }

        protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox1.Text) || string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox4.Text))

            {

                Label5.Text = "Please Enter Some Values";

                Label5.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;

            }

            else

            {

                Func<double, double, double> obj_Sub = (r, q) => r - q;

                Label5.Text = "The Substraction Result is " + obj_Sub(double.Parse(TextBox4.Text), double.Parse(TextBox1.Text));

                Label5.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;

                TextBox1.Text = string.Empty;

                TextBox4.Text = string.Empty;

            }

        }

        protected void Button3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox1.Text) || string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox4.Text))

            {

                Label5.Text = "Please Enter Some Values";

                Label5.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;

            }

            else

            {

                Func<double, double, double> obj_Mul = (r, q) => r * q;

                Label5.Text = "The Multiplication Result is " + obj_Mul(double.Parse(TextBox4.Text), double.Parse(TextBox1.Text));

                Label5.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;

                TextBox1.Text = string.Empty;

                TextBox4.Text = string.Empty;

            }

        }

        protected void Button4_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox1.Text) || string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox4.Text))

            {

                Label5.Text = "Please Enter Some Values";

                Label5.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;

            }

            else

            {

                Func<double, double, double> obj_Div = (r, q) => r / q;

                Label5.Text = "The Division Result is " + obj_Div(double.Parse(TextBox4.Text), double.Parse(TextBox1.Text));

                Label5.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green; TextBox1.Text = string.Empty;

                TextBox4.Text = string.Empty;

            }

        }

    }

}

 

Step 4: The output of the application looks like this:


 

Func-Delegated.jpg
 

 

Step 4: The output of the addition operation result looks like this:

  delegates-func.jpg

I hope this article is useful for you.

 

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