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Roaming Setting in Windows Store Apps

Posted by Deepak Arora Articles | Windows Store Apps November 02, 2012
In this app I described Roaming setting in a Windows Store App using JavaScript.
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Introduction

In this article I describe how to create a Windows Store App for Roaming setting using JavaScript. The primary way to store settings for an app is to save them as key-value pairs in either:

  1. Windows.Storage.ApplicationData.current.localSettings or
  2.  Windows.Storage.ApplicationData.current.roamingSettings.
Use local Settings for settings that are specific to a device, or useroamingSettings to transition settings between a user's PCs. For roaming, also refer to the High Priority and the Data Changed Event. This app writes, reads, and clears a setting in roaming Settings.


I assume you can create a simple Windows Store App using JavaScript. For more help visit Simple Windows Store Apps using JavaScript.

To start the creation of the app, add two JavaScript pages by right-clicking on the js folder in the Solution Explorer and select Add > new item > JavaScript Page and then give an appropriate name. In the same way, add one HTML page to your project.

roaming-setting-in-windows-store-app.jpg

Write the following code in default.html:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

    <meta charset="utf-8" />

    <title></title>

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="//Microsoft.WinJS.1.0/css/ui-light.css" />

    <script src="//Microsoft.WinJS.1.0/js/base.js"></script>

    <script src="//Microsoft.WinJS.1.0/js/ui.js"></script>

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="/css/default.css" />

    <script src="/js/script1.js"></script>

    <script src="/js/default.js"></script>

</head>

<body role="application" style="background-color: lightsteelblue">

    <center><div id="rootGrid">

         <div id="content">

            <h1 id="featureLabel"></h1>

            <div id="contentHost"></div>

        </div>

          </div></center>

</body>

</html>

Write the following code in default.js:
 

(function () {

    "use strict";

    var appTitle = "";

    var pages = [

        { url: "page.html" }

    ];

    function activated(eventObject) {

        if (eventObject.detail.kind === Windows.ApplicationModel.Activation.ActivationKind.launch) {

            eventObject.setPromise(WinJS.UI.processAll().then(function () {

                var url = WinJS.Application.sessionState.lastUrl || pages[0].url;

                return WinJS.Navigation.navigate(url);

            }));

        }

    }

    WinJS.Navigation.addEventListener("navigated", function (eventObject) {

        var url = eventObject.detail.location;

        var host = document.getElementById("contentHost");

        host.winControl && host.winControl.unload && host.winControl.unload();

        WinJS.Utilities.empty(host);

        eventObject.detail.setPromise(WinJS.UI.Pages.render(url, host, eventObject.detail.state).then(function () {

            WinJS.Application.sessionState.lastUrl = url;

        }));

    });

    WinJS.Namespace.define("App", {

        appTitle: appTitle,

        pages: pages

    });

    WinJS.Application.addEventListener("activated", activated, false);

    WinJS.Application.start();

})();


Write the following code in page.html:
 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

    <title></title>

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="/css/default.css" />

    <script src="/js/script.js"></script>

</head>

<body>

    <div data-win-control="App.pageInput">

        <button id="settingsWriteSetting">Write setting</button>

        <button id="settingsDeleteSetting">Delete setting</button>

    </div>

    <div data-win-control="App.pageOutput">

        <div class="item" id="settingsOutput"></div>

    </div>

</body>

</html> 


Write the following code in script.js:
 

(function () {

    "use strict";

    var page = WinJS.UI.Pages.define("page.html", {

        ready: function (element, options) {

            document.getElementById("settingsWriteSetting").addEventListener("click", settingsWriteSetting, false);

            document.getElementById("settingsDeleteSetting").addEventListener("click", settingsDeleteSetting, false);

            settingsDisplayOutput();

        }

    });

    var localSettings = Windows.Storage.ApplicationData.current.localSettings;

    var settingName = "exampleSetting";

    var settingValue = "Deepak Arora";

    function settingsWriteSetting() {

        localSettings.values[settingName] = settingValue; 

        settingsDisplayOutput();

    }

 

    function settingsDeleteSetting() {

        localSettings.values.remove(settingName); 

        settingsDisplayOutput();

    }

 

    function settingsDisplayOutput() {

        var value = localSettings.values[settingName];

 

        if (!value) {

            document.getElementById("settingsOutput").innerText = "Setting: <empty>";

        } else {

            document.getElementById("settingsOutput").innerText = "Setting: \"" + value + "\"";

        }

    }

})(); 


Write the following code in script1.js:
 

(function () {

    var pageOutput = WinJS.Class.define(

        function (element, options) {

            element.winControl = this;

            this.element = element;

            new WinJS.Utilities.QueryCollection(element)

                        .setAttribute("role", "region")

                        .setAttribute("aria-labelledby", "outputLabel")

                        .setAttribute("aria-live", "assertive");

            element.id = "output";

 

            this._addOutputLabel(element);

            this._addStatusOutput(element);

        }, {

            _addOutputLabel: function (element) {

                var label = document.createElement("h2");

                label.id = "outputLabel";

                label.textContent = "";

                element.parentNode.insertBefore(label, element);

            },

            _addStatusOutput: function (element) {

                var statusDiv = document.createElement("div");

                statusDiv.id = "statusMessage";

                element.insertBefore(statusDiv, element.childNodes[0]);

            }

        }

    );

    var currentpageUrl = null;

    WinJS.Navigation.addEventListener("navigating", function (evt) {

        currentpageUrl = evt.detail.location;

    });

 

    WinJS.log = function (message, tag, type) {

        var statusDiv = document.getElementById("statusMessage");

    };

    function activated(e) {

        WinJS.Utilities.query("#featureLabel")[0].textContent = App.appTitle;

    }

 

    WinJS.Application.addEventListener("activated", activated, false);

    WinJS.Namespace.define("App", {

        pageOutput: pageOutput

    });

})();


Output:

roaming-setting-in-windows-store-apps.jpg

Summary


In this app I described roaming setting in a Windows Store App using JavaScript. I hope this article has helped you to understand this topic. Please share if you know more about this. Your feedback and constructive contributions are welcome.

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