TUTORIAL

Context Menu in Android

Posted by Chintan Rathod Tutorials | Android Programming December 22, 2011
Context Menu helps views to have additional functionality.
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If you have been writing software applications for a while, I am sure you are familiar with context menus. A context menu is a list of action items popup when you right click on a screen in an application.

In an Android phone, if we long touch EditText, it will open a list of items and when you click on these items, there are some actions corresponding to them. This is known as a Context Menu in Android. Context Menu is generally helpful while you want to give some specific additional functionality to your Views. Views are nothing but application's EditText, Buttons etc.

In this step by step tutorial, we will see how to build a context menu based Android application.

Step 1: Create "mymenu.xml"

Right Click "your project" -> new -> Android XML file

CntAnd1.jpeg

Step 2: Edit your "mymenu.xml" file

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<menu
  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
  <group android:checkableBehavior="single">
    <item android:id="@+id/CutText" android:title="Cut"></item>
    <item android:id="@+id/CopyText" android:title="Copy"></item>
    <item android:id="@+id/PasteText" android:title="Paste"></item>
   </group>
</
menu>

Step 3: Edit your "ContextMenu.java" file

Before start editing, let's have a look at the Context menu work. A context menu generally works on a View. For that, first we need to "register" our view (or views) that will display the Context Menu on long touch. This is done by using "registerForContextMenu". It takes a View as an argument.

import android.view.ContextMenu;

import android.view.ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo;

Used to Additional information regarding the creation of the context menu

CContextMenu.java

package com.CContextMenu;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.ContextMenu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class CContextMenuActivity extends Activity {
   
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
       
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.
main);

        EditText ed=(EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText1);
        registerForContextMenu(ed);
      //You can write multiple register statement as per your need
    }

      @Override
      public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View v,
                  ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
           
// TODO Auto-generated method stub   
            MenuInflater inflater=getMenuInflater();
            inflater.inflate(R.menu.
mymenu, menu);
           
super.onCreateContextMenu(menu, v, menuInfo);
      }

      @Override
      public boolean onContextItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
            String str=
"";
           
if(item.getItemId()==R.id.CutText)
                  str=
"Cut";
           
else if(item.getItemId()==R.id.CopyText)
                  str=
"Copy";
           
else if(item.getItemId()==R.id.PasteText)
                  str=
"Paste";
            Toast.makeText(CContextMenuActivity.
this, str,1000).show();
           
return super.onContextItemSelected(item);
      }
}

OnCreateContextMenu have 3 arguments

  1. ContextMenu -> Used to build Context Menu.

  2. View ->The view for which the context menu is being built.

  3. ContextMenuInfo -> Extra information about the item for which the context menu should be shown.

OnContextItemSelected have 1 argument

  1. MenuItem -> Returns menu item selected from Context Menu.

Step 4: Start Emulator

  CntAnd2.jpeg

  CntAnd3.jpeg

  CntAnd4.jpeg

Summary

Context Menu is useful to give additional feature to our application.

Resources

Here are some useful related resources:

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