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Context Menu in Android

By Chintan Rathod on Dec 22, 2011
Context Menu helps views to have additional functionality.

If you have been writing software applications for a while, I am sure you are familiar with context menus. A context menu is a list of action items popup when you right click on a screen in an application.

In an Android phone, if we long touch EditText, it will open a list of items and when you click on these items, there are some actions corresponding to them. This is known as a Context Menu in Android. Context Menu is generally helpful while you want to give some specific additional functionality to your Views. Views are nothing but application's EditText, Buttons etc.

In this step by step tutorial, we will see how to build a context menu based Android application.

Step 1: Create "mymenu.xml"

Right Click "your project" -> new -> Android XML file


Step 2: Edit your "mymenu.xml" file

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
  <group android:checkableBehavior="single">
    <item android:id="@+id/CutText" android:title="Cut"></item>
    <item android:id="@+id/CopyText" android:title="Copy"></item>
    <item android:id="@+id/PasteText" android:title="Paste"></item>

Step 3: Edit your "" file

Before start editing, let's have a look at the Context menu work. A context menu generally works on a View. For that, first we need to "register" our view (or views) that will display the Context Menu on long touch. This is done by using "registerForContextMenu". It takes a View as an argument.

import android.view.ContextMenu;

import android.view.ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo;

Used to Additional information regarding the creation of the context menu

package com.CContextMenu;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.ContextMenu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class CContextMenuActivity extends Activity {
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        EditText ed=(EditText) findViewById(;
      //You can write multiple register statement as per your need

      public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View v,
                  ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub   
            MenuInflater inflater=getMenuInflater();
mymenu, menu);
super.onCreateContextMenu(menu, v, menuInfo);

      public boolean onContextItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
            String str=
else if(item.getItemId()
else if(item.getItemId()
this, str,1000).show();
return super.onContextItemSelected(item);

OnCreateContextMenu have 3 arguments

  1. ContextMenu -> Used to build Context Menu.

  2. View ->The view for which the context menu is being built.

  3. ContextMenuInfo -> Extra information about the item for which the context menu should be shown.

OnContextItemSelected have 1 argument

  1. MenuItem -> Returns menu item selected from Context Menu.

Step 4: Start Emulator





Context Menu is useful to give additional feature to our application.


Here are some useful related resources:

Chintan Rathod
Chintan Rathod

He completed his Master of Computer Application from Gujarat Technological University 2012. His area of Interests are Android and Java Technologies. He is sharing his experience and experiments with code at http://www.c... Read more