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Create an Address book using MVC ASP.NET tools

Posted by Manish Singh Articles | ASP.NET MVC December 03, 2011
This is a simple MVC ASP.NET application now this application we have learn how to create the login form using the ASP.NET MVC tools. In this program we create the three views name is index,create,details.
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Introduction:  This is a simple MVC ASP.NET application now this application we have learn how to create the login form using the ASP.NET MVC tools. In this program we create the three views name is index,create,details.  Models in a MVC based application are the components of the application that are responsible for maintaining state. Views in a MVC based application are the components responsible for displaying the application user interface. Controllers in a MVC based application are the components responsible for handling end user interaction, manipulating the model and ultimately choosing a view to render to display UI. 

Step1: Open Visual Studio 2010.

  • Go to file -> New->Projects.
  • Create an ASP.NET MVC 2 Empty Web Application.

start.gif

Step 2: Add a class in model folder.

  • Right click on the Model folder ->add new items->add class.
  • Name of Class is "Person".
  • In a class define the properties.

mdelclass.gif

code:
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
namespace MvcApplication1.Models
{
    public class person
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public int Age { get; set; }
        public string Street { get; set; }
        public string City { get; set; }
    }
}

 Step 3: Add a controller.

  • Right click on the Controllers folder ->add->Controllers.
  • Name of Controllers is "person".
  • In a controller, define the request.

cotroller.gif

Code:
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using MvcApplication1.Models;
namespace MvcApplication1.Controllers
{
    public class personController : Controller
    {
        static List<person> man = new List<person>();
        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            return View(man);
        }
        public ActionResult Details(person person)
        {
            return View(person);
        }
        public ActionResult Create()
        {
            return View();
        }
        [AcceptVerbs(HttpVerbs.Post)]
        public ActionResult Create(person person)
        {
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                return View("Create", person);
            }
            man.Add(person);
            return RedirectToAction("Index");
        }
    }
}

Step 4: Add three views.

  • Right click on the Index Method -> Add View.

  • View name same as "Index".

  • Create a Strong type View.

  • When you create the Strong type view automatically take the namespace and class name.

INDEXV.gif

indexdesign.gif

Code:
<%@ Page Language="C#" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewPage<IEnumerable<MvcApplication1.Models.person>>" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Index</title>
</head>
<
body bgcolor="#ffcccc">
    <div>
    <h2>Index</h2>
<table>
    <tr>
        <th></th>
        <th>
            Id
        </th>
        <th>
            Name
        </th>
    </tr>
<% foreach (var person in Model) { %>
    <tr>
        <td>
            <%= Html.ActionLink("Details", "Details", person )%>
        </td>
        <td>
            <%= Html.Encode(person.Id) %>
        </td>
        <td>
            <%= Html.Encode(person.Name) %>
        </td>
    </tr>
<% } %>
</table>
<
p>
    <%= Html.ActionLink("Create New", "Create") %>
</p>
    </div>
</body>
</
html>
Step5:Add second views

  • Right click on the Details Method -> Add View.

  • View name same as "Details".
  • Create a Strong type View.
  • When you create the Strong type view automatically take the namespace and class name.

DETILV.gif

detaildesign.gif

Code:
<%@ Page Language="C#" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewPage<MvcApplication1.Models.person>" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>Details</title>
</head>
<
body bgcolor="#9966ff">
    <div>
    <h2>Details</h2>
<fieldset>
    <legend>Fields</legend>
    <p>
        Id:
        <%= Html.Encode(Model.Id) %>
    </p>
    <p>
        Name:
        <%= Html.Encode(Model.Name) %>
    </p>
    <p>
        Age:
        <%= Html.Encode(Model.Age) %>
    </p>
    <p>
        Street:
        <%= Html.Encode(Model.Street) %>
    </p>
    <p>
        City:
        <%= Html.Encode(Model.City) %>
</p>
</fieldset>
<
p>
    <%=Html.ActionLink("Back to List", "Index") %>
</p>
    </div>
</body>
</
html>
Step6: Add third view.

  • Right click on the Create Method -> Add View.

  • View name same as "Create".
  • Create a Strong type View.
  • When you create the Strong type view automatically take the namespace and class name.

CREATEV.gif

creatededign.gif

Code:
<%@ Page Language="C#" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewPage<MvcApplication1.Models.person>" %>}
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Create</title>
</head>
<
body bgcolor="#ff6699">
    <div>
    <h2 style="background-color: #FF00FF">Create</h2>
<%= Html.ValidationSummary("Create was unsuccessful. Please correct the errors and try again.") %>
<% using (Html.BeginForm()) {%>
    <fieldset>
        <legend>Fields</legend>
        <p style="background-color: #CC99FF">
            <label for="Id">Id:</label>
            <%= Html.TextBox("Id") %>
            <%= Html.ValidationMessage("Id", "*") %>
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #9966FF">
            <label for="Name">Name:</label>
            <%= Html.TextBox("Name") %>
            <%= Html.ValidationMessage("Name", "*") %>
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #9999FF">
            <label for="Age">Age:</label>
            <%= Html.TextBox("Age") %>
            <%= Html.ValidationMessage("Age", "*") %>
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #3399FF">
            <label for="Street">Street:</label>
            <%= Html.TextBox("Street") %>
            <%= Html.ValidationMessage("Street", "*") %>
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #FFCC99">
            <label for="City">City:</label>
            <%= Html.TextBox("City") %>
            <%= Html.ValidationMessage("City", "*") %>
        </p>
        <p>
            <input type="submit" value="Create" />
        </p>
    </fieldset>
<% } %>
<div>
    <%=Html.ActionLink("Back to List", "Index") %>
</div>
    </div>
</body>
</
html>

Step7:  Press  crtl+f5 run your application.

output:

indexoutput.gif

create-output.gif

detailoutput.gif

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