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Importance of Model,View and Controller in MVC architecture

Posted by Manish Singh Articles | ASP.NET MVC November 27, 2011
This is a simple application for beginners to understand what the role of models, views and controllers are in an ASP.NET MVC application.
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Introduction : This is a simple application for beginners to understand what the role of models, views and controllers are in an ASP.NET MVC application.  MVC is often seen in web applications where the view is HTML or XHTML generated by the application. Applications developed using the MVC architecture provide immense flexibility to the programmer in regards to design, development, testing and maintenance as each component can be handled separately. This is a the simple application that is used to define the condition and display person records using properties. MVC stands for models,views,controllers; every fields plays a different role in the integrated application. Their roles are given below :

  • Models : In this we define the business logic of the application.

  • Views : It provides the GUI interface that is used to display the records.

  • Controllers : In a MVC application, the controller play the most important role; handling all of the requests,

Step 1: Open Visual Studio 2010.

  • Go to file -> New->Projects.

  • Create an ASP.NET MVC 2 Empty Web Application.

start.gif

Step 2:

  • Right click on the Model folder ->add new items->add class.

  • Name of Class is "Manish".

  • In a class define the properties.

modelclass.gif

modeladdclass.gif

Code:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
namespace Texboxdisplay.Models
{
    public class Manish
    {
        private string fname;
        private string Lname;
        private int eid;
        private int esalary;
        private string  eaddress;
        public string Fname
        {
            set
            {
                fname = value;
            }
            get
            {
                return fname;
            }
 
        }
        public string lname
        {
            set
            {
                Lname = value;
            }
            get
            {
                return Lname;
            }
        }
        public int id
        {
            set
            {
                eid = value;
            }
            get
            {
                return eid;
            }
        }
        public string  address 
            {
               set
            {

                eaddress  = value;
            }
            get
            {
                return eaddress;
            }
        }
        public int salary
        {
            set
            {
                esalary = value;
            }
            get
            {
                return esalary;
            }
        }
    }
}

 Step 3:

  • Right click on the Controllers folder ->add->Controllers.

  • Name of Controllers is "HomeController".

  • In a controller, define the request.

addcontroller.gif

acontroller.gif

Code:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using Texboxdisplay.Models;
namespace Texboxdisplay.Controllers
{
    public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        //
        // GET: /Home/
        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            Manish mn = new Manish();
            mn.Fname = "manish singh";
            mn.lname = "sandeep singh";
            mn.id = 10001;
            mn.salary = 100000;
            mn.address = "varanasi";
            return View(mn);
        }
    }
}

Step 4:

  • Right click on the Index Method -> Add View.

  • View name same as "Index".

  • Create a Strong type View.

  • When you create the Strong type view automatically take the namespace and class name.

openview.gif

view.gif

Code:

<%@ Page Language="C#" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewPage<Texboxdisplay.Models.Manish>" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Index</title>
</head>
<
body bgcolor="#cc99ff">
    <div style="background-color: #00FFFF">
    The customer&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fname is   <% = Model.Fname %><br />
    The customer&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Lname is   <% = Model.lname %><br />
    The customer&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Id is      <% = Model.id %><br />
    The customer&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Salary is   <% = Model.salary %><br />
    The customer&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Address is  <% = Model.address %><br />
    <% if (Model.salary > 1000){%>
This is a Rich man
<% } else{ %>
work hard and get a mony
<%} %>
    </div>
</body>
</
html>

Stap 5:  Press crtl+f5 and run the program.

OUTPUT:

output.gif

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