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Practical Approach of Accessing Data From the User Control in ASP.NET

By Lajapathy Arun on April 08, 2012
This article shows how to access User Control data from the web page. In other words, how to pass data from a User Control page to the Default.aspx page.
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Introduction

This article shows how to access User Control data from the web page. In other words, how to pass data from a User Control page to the Default.aspx page.

Advantage of using User Control:

  1. The easiest way to combine several controls into a single control.
  2. Can simply be dragged onto a Web page without writing much code.
  3. Helps to reduce duplicate coding.
  4. Web pages can even be converted to user controls.
  5. User controls inherit from the UserControl class, which inherits from the Template-Control class, which inherits from the Control class.

Step 1: Go to File -> New ->Project

img01.gif

Step 2: Type the required name for a user control and click Add button.

img02.gif

Step 3: You will get the markup for SampleUserControl.ascx shown below.

<%
@ Control Language="C#"
        AutoEventWireup="true"
        CodeBehind="SampleUserControl.ascx.cs"        Inherits="UserControlSample.SampleUserControl"
%>

Step 4: You will get the code behind as follows:

namespace
UserControlSample
 {
    public partial class SampleUserControl : System.Web.UI.UserControl
    {
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
 
        }
    }
  }

Step 5: Now add you controls into the User controls. Controls like TextBox and Label show a simple example. Note Controls can be placed just below the Control directive.

img03.gif

Step 6: Register the User control in the web page. Use just next to page Directive.

<%
@ Register
 Src="SampleUserControl.ascx"
 TagName="MyControl"
 TagPrefix="uc1" %>

Src -> User Control page name with extension.
TagName-> Tag name can be any name, this is user defined.
TagPrefix-> Can be any prefix, this is user defined.

Step 7: Register and add the user control to a web page and run the default.aspx page.

img004.gif

Step 8: Code Behind for the User Control: Use the UserCapition and UserName property to access the values from the User Control page for the Default.aspx page.

using
System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

namespace UserControlSample
 {
    public partial class SampleUserControl : System.Web.UI.UserControl
    {
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
 
        }
        protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Label1.Text = "Hi" + TextBox1.Text;
        }
        public string UserCaption
        {
            get { return Label1.Text; }
            set { Label1.Text = value; }
        }
        public string UserName
        {
            get { return TextBox1.Text; }
            set { TextBox1.Text = value; }
        }
    }
  }

 

Step 9: The Code Behind for Default.aspx to access data from the User Control.

using
System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

namespace UserControlSample
 {
    public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
    {
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            MyControl1.UserCaption = "Enter User Name:";
        }
        protected void Button2_Click1(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Label1.Text = MyControl1.UserCaption + MyControl1.UserName;
        }
    }
}

Step 10: The user interface of the User Control:

img005.gif

This helps to access data from a User control for a web page by its properties and helps to get data back to a web page from a User Control page.

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