There are a number of tools and utilities available to monitor and tune
your .Net application's performance. The .Net framework itself provides a very
good infrastructure for performance monitoring and analysis.
In this article we will have a look at what is newer in .Net 4.0 to help determine the problem area or scope for improvements in your program.
Allows the user to monitor application domain level Memory and Processor usage
statistics. Previous to .Net 4.0 we had limited APIs available, which can provide
support for reading only the Process level memory usage and CPU usage
information. In 4.0 you have access to Processor and Memory usage estimates for
a given application domain.
The application domain based resource monitoring feature is available in:
- Hosting APIs and
- Event Tracing for Windows(ETW).
By default, application domain level resource
monitoring is disabled. This feature has to be enabled in a process to get application
domain level resouce consumption details within that process.
The AppDomain class has been enhanced to provide support for this new feature. A
process can enable this feature using the AppDomain class's static property
It is a boolean property. Once this property is enabled in the process, it stays
active until the process exits. You can assign only the value 'true'; even
though it is a boolean property, assigning the value 'false' to this property
causes an Invalid Argument exception.
The AppDomain class provides the following properties to access the Appdomain's
It is a readonly instance property. Provides the number of bytes which is
currently allocated by the Appdomain in the managed heap. In other words this
property provides the size of memory which is survived the last cycle of garbage
collection. This property is updated only after a full, blocking collection
It is a readonly static property, provides the number of bytes currently
allocated by the current process in the managed heap memory. This an equivalent
of GC.GetTotalMemory property.
This is a readonly instance property. It returns the total size, in bytes, of all memory
allocations that have been made by the application domain since it was created,
without subtracting memory that has been collected.
It is a readonly instance property. Returns the total processor time utilized by
the application domain since the process started. The total time reported by
this property includes the time each thread in the process spent executing in
that application domain.
The excution time of unmanaged calls made by an application domain, is also
counted for that application domain.
The sleeping time of a thread is not counted in association with the application
domain's processor usage.
Using Event Tracing for Windows (ETW)
You can now access the ETW events for diagnostic purposes to improve
performance. Watch for the next article to know more.