ARTICLE

DataGrid Customization: Part-1

Posted by Mahesh Chand Articles | Windows Forms C# June 25, 2002
In this article, I will discuss some DataGrid customization tips such as how to I get the name and index of the column headers and how do I find out if mouse click right click was on a column.
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OK, It's been a long time. You must be wondering what's going on. Well... there have been many changes recently. There are some bad news and some good news. I don't think its a good idea to share bad news with you guys and I'm also pretty sure you won't be interested in good news either ;). One of the news is I've moved to a new apartment, which means lots of moving and time wasting. O well.. part of life. Huh?

Any way, let's back to the business. This article is on DataGrid Customization. This article is in response to a question on discussion boards about how to exchange two columns of a DataGrid. Actually there are couple of ways you can do so and here is one of them.

In this article, I'll explain few of the features provided by the Windows Forms DataGrid control. Actually few questions I'm going to reply in this article were asked on C# Corner discussion forums. These questions are -

  • How to I get the name and index of the Column headers?
  • How do I find out if mouse click right click was on a column header?
  • How do I get the row and column numbers of current selected cell?
  • How to change the positions of columns? and more...

Ok, I start this application by creating a Windows application in VS.NET. I add a DataGrid, two Button controls, two text boxes and two label controls. I set these control's properties such as their text and styles. You can set them the way you want. As you can see from Figure 1, I change the DataGrid style, change the text of buttons and so on.

In this application, when you'll click on Get Grid Info button, it will return the information regarding the data in the DataGrid control such as total number of rows, columns, names of the tables, and name of the table columns.
OK, first of all I define the following variables:

// Developer defined variables
private OleDbConnection conn = null
;
private string
connectionString = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=C:\\Northwind.mdb";
private string sql = null
;
private DataSet ds = null
;

Now, on Form's load event handler, I call FillDataGrid method.

private
void Form1_Load(object sender,System.EventArgs e)
{
FillDataGrid();
}

The FillDataGrid method is listed in Listing 1, where I simply connects and open a connection using OleDb data provider with Access's Northwind database. Make sure you've the database in right directory or change the path. By default there is no DataGridTableStyle available for a DataGrid besides the default one. I add the DataGridTableStyle using the DataGrid.TableStyles.Add method.

You access a collection of DataGridTableStyle objects of a DataGrid through DataGrid's TableStyles proeprty.

Listing 1. The FillDataGrid method

private void FillDataGrid()
{
sql = "SELECT * FROM Customers";
conn =
new
OleDbConnection(connectionString);
adapter =
new
OleDbDataAdapter(sql, conn);
ds =
new
DataSet("Customers");
adapter.Fill(ds, "Customers");
dataGrid1.DataSource = ds.Tables[0].DefaultView;
// By default there is no DataGridTableStyle object.
// Add all DataSet table's style to the DataGrid
foreach(DataTable dTable in ds.Tables)
{
DataGridTableStyle dgStyle =
new
DataGridTableStyle();
dgStyle.MappingName = dTable.TableName;
dataGrid1.TableStyles.Add(dgStyle);
}
// DataGrid settings
dataGrid1.CaptionText = "DataGrid Customization";
dataGrid1.HeaderFont =
new
Font("Verdana", 12);
}

Now if you run the application, the output will look like Figure 1.

DataGr4.gif

Figure 1.

As you can see from Figure 1, we have two text boxes - Column1 and Column 2. The Exchange button is responsible for reshuffling columns. Say you want to exchange column 2 with column 3, you need to enter 2 in text box1 and 2 in text box2 and click Exchange Column button.

The Get Grid Info button returns the data about the grid. The DataGridTableStyle is a collection of DataGridColumnStyle, which can be accessed through the GridColumnStyles property of DataDataTableStyle.

The DataGridColumnStyle represents the style of a DataGrid column, which includes color, text, font and other formatting options such as a caption.

The VisibleRowCount and VisibleColumnCount properties of DataGrid returns total visible rows and columns respectively.

DataGr5.gif

Figure 2.

As you can see from code Listing 2, I read DataGridTableStyles using the TableStyles property and then I read DataGridColumnStyles using the GridColumnStyles of DataGridTableStyle, which returns a collection of columns. In other words, Listing 2 reads all available DataGridTableStyles and DataGrildColumnStyles and displays the information in a message box. The output looks like Figure 2.

Listing 2. Get Grid Info button click handler

private void
FillDataGrid()
{
sql = "SELECT * FROM Customers";
conn =
new
OleDbConnection(connectionString);
adapter =
new
OleDbDataAdapter(sql, conn);
ds =
new
DataSet("Customers");
adapter.Fill(ds, "Customers");
dataGrid1.DataSource = ds.Tables[0].DefaultView;
// By default there is no DataGridTableStyle object.
// Add all DataSet table's style to the DataGrid
foreach(DataTable dTable in ds.Tables)
{
DataGridTableStyle dgStyle =
new
DataGridTableStyle();
dgStyle.MappingName = dTable.TableName;
dataGrid1.TableStyles.Add(dgStyle);
}
// DataGrid settings
dataGrid1.CaptionText = "DataGrid Customization";
dataGrid1.HeaderFont =
new
Font("Verdana", 12);
}

Now last thing we need to do is reshuffle columns. The ReshuffleColumns module is listed in Listing 4. Here we simply reading the current DataGridTableStyle and changing the location of two columsn.

DataGr6.gif

Listing 3. The ReshuffleColumn module

public void ReshuffleColumns(int col1, int col2, string
mapName, DataGrid grid)
{
DataGridTableStyle existingTableStyle = grid.TableStyles[mapName];
int
counter = existingTableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Count;
DataGridTableStyle newTableStyle =
new
DataGridTableStyle();
newTableStyle.MappingName = mapName;
for(int
i = 0; i < counter; ++i)
{
if
(i != col1 && col1 < col2)
newTableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(existingTableStyle.GridColumnStyles[i]);
if
(i == col2)
newTableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(existingTableStyle.GridColumnStyles[col1]);
if
(i != col1 && col1 > col2)
newTableStyle.GridColumnStyles.Add(existingTableStyle.GridColumnStyles[i]);
}
// Remove the existing table style and add new style
grid.TableStyles.Remove(existingTableStyle);
grid.TableStyles.Add(newTableStyle);
}

Now the last thing is to call the module on button click. Code for that is listed in Listing 5.

Listing 4.

private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
if(textBox1.Text.Length < 1)
{
MessageBox.Show("Enter a number between 0 to 19");
textBox1.Focus();
return;
}
if(textBox2.Text.Length < 1)
{
MessageBox.Show("Enter a number between 0 to 19");
textBox1.Focus();
return;
}
int col1 = Convert.ToInt32(textBox1.Text);
int col2 = Convert.ToInt32(textBox2.Text);
ReshuffleColumns(col1, col2, "Customers", dataGrid1);
}

Actually there are two more ways to do the same. Hopefully if I'll write that on my next articles. I'll also come with more DataGrid Customization issues. Best way to learn is just download the code and open project in VS.NET.

Cheers!

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