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Important System Functions in SQL Server 2012

Posted by Rohatash Kumar Articles | SQL Server October 23, 2012
In this article, you will see some of the SQL Server System functions which provide information about database objects.
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System functions perform operations and return information about database objects in SQL Server. In this article, you will see some of the SQL Server System functions which provide information about database objects. The System Functions can never be created by the user. They are pre-defined functions. So let's take a look at a practical example of how to use System Functions in SQL Server. The example is developed in SQL Server 2012 using the SQL Server Management Studio. Some of SQL Server system functions are described in the following.

DataLength Function

The Datalength() function returns the length of the result of the string expression. It is similar to the LEN function.

Syntax

DATALENGTH(string_expression

Example

Declare @string varchar(20)

Declare @stringname varchar(40)

set @string ='rohatash'

set @stringname ='Satendrta singh'

select DATALENGTH (@string) as StringLength

select DATALENGTH (@stringname) as StringLength

Output

Datalength-function-in-sql-server.jpg

DB_NAME Function

DB_NAME Function returns the name of the database with the identifier db_id. If no identifier is specified, the name of the current database will be displayed.

Syntax

DB_NAME([db_id])

In the preceding syntax, db_id is the database identifier.

Example

Select DB_NAME() as NameofDatabase

Select DB_NAME(9) as NameofDatabase -- DB_Name with identifier

DBname-function-in-sql-server.jpg


Host_Name Function

The Host_Name Function returns the name of the host or computer name.

Syntax

HOST_NAME()

Example

Select host_name() as NameofHost

Output

Host_Name-function-in-sql-server.jpg


APP_NAME Function

The APP_NAME() function returns a string with the name of the application that initiated the database connection. APP_NAME() can be helpful if you're troubleshooting a connection.

Syntax

APP_NAME()

Example

Select APP_name() as Nameofapplication

Output

Appt_Name-function-in-sql-server.jpg


Some Important system error functions in SQL Server

ERROR_LINE Function

The Error_Line function returns the error Line number from code. This function does not accept any parameters. Error_Line() function is used to determine the error line which occurred in a try block. The following query returns the line number where the error occurred:

BEGIN TRY

Select 11/ 0

END TRY

BEGIN CATCH

SELECT 'An error has occurred at line ' + cast(ERROR_line() as Varchar )

END CATCH

Output

Error_Line-function-in-sql-server.jpg


ERROR_NUMBER Function

The ERROR_NUMBER function returns the number of the error which caused the CATCH block of TRY or CATCH logic to execute. The following query returns the number where the error occurred:

Example

BEGIN TRY

Select 11/ 0

END TRY

BEGIN CATCH

SELECT 'An error has occurred at line: ' + cast(ERROR_Number() as Varchar )

END CATCH

Output

Host_Number-function-in-sql-server.jpg


ERROR_STATE Function

The ERROR_STATE function returns the state of the error which caused the CATCH block of TRY or CATCH logic to execute. The following query returns the State where the error occurred:

Example

BEGIN TRY

Select 11/ 0

END TRY

BEGIN CATCH

SELECT 'An error has occurred at line: ' + cast(ERROR_State() as Varchar )

END CATCH

Output

Error_State-Function-in-sql-server.jpg


ERROR_SEVERITY Function

The ERROR_SEVERITY function returns the severity of the error which caused the CATCH block of TRY or CATCH logic to execute. The following query returns the severity where the error occurred:

Example

BEGIN TRY

Select 11/ 0

END TRY

BEGIN CATCH

SELECT 'An error has occurred at line: ' + cast(ERROR_Severity() as Varchar )

END CATCH

Output

Error_Severity-function-in-sql-server.jpg

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