How Artificial Intelligence And Natural Intelligence Works

This article explains how Artificial Intelligence and Natural Intelligence (the human brain) works.

Introduction

Before discussing AI, I need to discuss the history of machine language. Most people assume that machine language is the latest in the industry; however, it is not. In 1950, a German scientist, Mathison Turing, started working on AI. Later, in 1955, J. Mccarthy started working on Machine Language. The idea of machine language was to replace the human army to machine army which could be stronger than human army. In later years, IBM Watson, Amazon AI, Microsoft Cognitive, Google, Facebook started working on Artificial Intelligence in another direction.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

  • Artificial
    Artificial is an object which is made or developed by human beings rather than occurring naturally, especially as a copy of something natural.

  • Intelligence
    Intelligence can be defined as the ability of thinking, recognizing, understanding, learning, and problem solving. 
So now, we can tell that any object/thing or machine which is born/developed/made/produced by the human with the ability of thinking, understanding, and problem solving is known as an Artificial Intelligent object. Or the machine which has the ability of thinking, recognizing is known as artificial intelligence.

How AI Works?

This section explains the working of the human brain. For every incident/task /activity, a new neural network circuit gets generated inside the mind, like in the below image.

Artificial intelligence

It means that our mind works on pattern matching. Every day, in our life, we follow some patterns like how to walk on the footpath; how to hold the spoon. For every pattern there, some circuit has been created and according to that circuit, we complete our task. Suppose, we are going to a relative's house; then most often they will greet us and ask us to sit down. That moment, only one pattern will be active in our mind that we are going to get a chair or other object which is suitable for seating.

The image below shows how the neural network of our brain looks.

Artificial intelligence
Fig: Neural Network in human brain

As of now, we are very clear about the working system of the human brain. Now, we will walk through how Artificial Intelligence works.

Artificial Intelligence works on pattern base too as a human brain works. AI works on pattern searching algorithm as shown in the below image.

Artificial intelligence
Fig: Artificial Intelligence work image

There are two images as input but we are getting an output as car and not car. Because we have written the logic to match the pattern of Car. If there is an image of a car, then it will be classified and the machine will try to identify it as pattern matching logic. If the pattern matches more than 50 percent (For matching patterns, it will keep trying  to match the pattern; maybe in the first attempt, it will identify only 10% of input pattern but as per our logic, it will keep attempting to match the pattern ) then this will return " Yes, this is a car"; otherwise we will get an output as  this is not a car.

Summary

The ability of a machine to think or recognize is known as Artificial Intelligence. AI works on pattern matching and identification of input, just like the human brain.