SQL Server 2016 will include R

The R language is especially capable of processing statistics and doing data mining analysis of large amounts of data. As announced in Microsoft Closes Acquisition of Revolution Analytics Microsoft has purchased Revolution Analytics, a vendor of R (they are not specific about whether the product is a compiler or interpreter or more than that).

The announcement In-database R coming to SQL Server 2016 says that "R is coming to SQL Server". SQL Server 2016 will support R and allow the processing of large amounts of data using R without the requirement to extract the data from the database.