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Create Message in WCF

By Dhananjay Kumar on Jun 17, 2011
In my previous article we discussed SOAP Message Versions. Now let us move ahead and create a message.

In my previous article we discussed SOAP Message Versions. Now let us move ahead and create a message.


You can create a Message using the CreateMessage() method of the Message class. This method is overloaded with 11 different sets of input parameters.

The easiest way to create a message is by just providing the MessageVersion and an action:


When the above code snippet is run you will get a message as output and if you notice there is no body in the message since we have not added that.


If you want to add a body to the message you can do that but the restriction is that you can only add a serialized object as a message body.
Let us add a string to the message body. Since strings and other built-in types are by default serializable. So we do not need to explicitly serialize it.


In the above function we have added a string message body with the value "HI I am Body". When running the above code snippet you will get output as below:


Let us create a message as an object of a custom class as the message body. Assume you have a custom class called Product.


And you want to create a message having an instance of this class as the message body. You can very much do that as below:


On running the above code you will get output as below:


And you can see the custom object is part of the message.
For your reference the code for you to copy is given below:

using System;
using System.ServiceModel.Channels;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Xml;
using System.Collections.Generic;
namespace XML
    class Program

        static void Main(string[] args)

            Message msg = Message.CreateMessage(MessageVersion.Soap11,
            msg = Message.CreateMessage(MessageVersion.Soap11WSAddressing10,
                                         "Hi I am Body");

            Product p = new Product
                ProductId = 1,
                ProductName = "Books",
                ProductPrice = 110.0
            msg = Message.CreateMessage(MessageVersion.Soap12,
                                        "urn: MY Action",


    public class Product
        public int ProductId { get; set; }
        public string ProductName { get; set; }
        public double ProductPrice { get; set; }

Now you know how you can create a message in WCF. I hope this article was useful. Thanks for reading.

Dhananjay  Kumar
Dhananjay Kumar

Dhananjay kumar is 6 times Microsoft MVP, 7 times C# Corner MVP. He works as consultant for Infragistics in India. He is known for mentoring teams on various technologies.

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