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Walkthrough Creating REST Service in WCF 4.0

Posted by dj Articles | WCF with C# January 10, 2011
This article is a step by step explanation of how to create a REST based service and how to consume that in a managed client.
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Objective

This article is a step by step explanation of how to create a REST based service and how to consume that in a managed client.

Step 1

Create a new project as WCF Service application type.


1.jpg

Step 2

Delete all the default code from IService.cs and Service.svc.cs

Now open Web.Config file and delete the code highlighted below in Visual Studio 2010. In other words delete all endpoints for existing service.

<system.serviceModel>
  <
services>
    <
service behaviorConfiguration="RestServicePublishing.Service1Behavior"
    name="RestServicePublishing.RestService">
      <endpoint address="" binding="wsHttpBinding" contract="RestServicePublishing.IRestService">
        <identity>
          <
dns value="localhost" />
        </identity>
      </
endpoint>
      <
endpoint address="mex" binding="mexHttpBinding" contract="IMetadataExchange" />
    </service>
  </
services>
  <
behaviors>
    <
serviceBehaviors>
      <
behavior name="RestServicePublishing.Service1Behavior">
        <!-- To avoid disclosing metadata information, set the value below to false and remove the
metadata endpoint above before deployment
-->
        <
serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true"/>
        <!-- To receive exception details in faults for debugging purposes, set the value below to true. Set
to false before deployment to avoid disclosing exception information
-->
        <
serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="false"/>
      </behavior>
    </
serviceBehaviors>
  </
behaviors>
</
system.serviceModel>

If you are using VS2010 then delete the following code from Web.Config.

2.gif

Step 3

Right click on Service.svc and open View markup.


3.png

In Markup of RestService.cs, add the following code there

Factory="System.ServiceModel.Activation.WebServiceHostFactory

So after adding code the markup would look like

Markup of RestService.cs

4.gif

Step 4

Add following references to the WCF Service Application project, if you are using VS2010

Microsoft.Http.dll
Microsoft.Http.Extension.dll
System.ServiceModel.Web.dll

Step 5

Add a new project as of type class library and give it name UtilityClasses.


5.gif

Add a class Number to this class library.

Number.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq
using System.Text;
namespace UtilityClasses
{
    [Serializable]
    public class NumberService
    {
        public int Number1 { get; set; }
        public int Number2 { get; set; }
    }
}

Step 6

Define the Service Contract as below,

IService1.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Text;
using System.ServiceModel.Web;
using UtilityClasses;
namespace WcfService3
{

    [ServiceContract]
    public interface IService1
    {
        [OperationContract(Name = "AddParameter")]
        [WebInvoke(UriTemplate = "/", Method = "POST")]
        int Add(NumberService n1);
        [OperationContract(Name = "Add")]
        [WebGet(UriTemplate = "/")]
        int Add();
    }
}

This code is used to construct URI for REST service.

6.gif

Method parameter says what type of HTTP request; this URI is going to entertain. In this case it is Http POST.

UriTemplate parameter says, what would be URI for this particular method. In this case it is one back slash, which means it is root URI of this service.

So, to invoke this method add(), the URI address would be

http://localhost:3602/RestService.svc/

Where 3602 is port number of web server, where this service is running.

Let, if the above code is modified as

7.jpg

Then it would be invoked as

http://localhost:3602/RestService.svc/ADD/MyAdd

Step 7

Now we need to implement the service

Service1.svc.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Web;
using System.Text;
using UtilityClasses;
namespace WcfService3
{

    public class Service1 : IService1
    {
        public int res = 100;
        public int Add(NumberService n1)
        {
            res = Convert.ToInt32(n1.Number1) + Convert.ToInt32(n1.Number2);

            return res;
        }
        public int Add()
        {
            return res;
        }

    }
}

Step 8

Test the Service in Browser

  1. Build the Service

  2. Right click on Service1.svc and select view in browser.

    8.gif

    Output 100 is returned in the browser by the service. It is because, below service method. URI of
    below GET method is mapped to root of the URI. And this method is returning 100.

    9.gif


Step 9

Consume the service

Add new console project in solution and give it name as ConsoleTestProject.

10.jpg

Add reference of project UtilityClasses Add following references to the console project.

Microsoft.Http.dll
Microsoft.Http.Extension.dll
System.ServiceModel.Web.dll

Step 10

Program.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Http;
using Microsoft.ServiceModel.Web;
using Microsoft.ServiceModel.Web.SpecializedServices; using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using UtilityClasses
namespace ConsoleTestProject
{
    class Program
{
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            uri = "http://localhost:3602/RestService.svc/";
// Calling without parameter
Console.WriteLine(AddWithoutParameter());
Console.Read();
//Calling with parameter
NumberService obj = new NumberService() { Number1 = 7, Number2 = 2 };
Console.WriteLine(AddWithParameter(obj));
Console.Read();    
        }      
public static string  AddWithoutParameter()
{
            using (HttpResponseMessage response = new HttpClient().Get(uri))
            {
               
                int res = response.Content.ReadAsDataContract<int>();
return res.ToString();
            }          
}      
public static string  AddWithParameter(NumberService obj)
{       
            using (HttpResponseMessage  response = new
HttpClient().Post(uri,HttpContentExtensions.CreateDataContract(obj)))
{

int res = response.Content.ReadAsDataContract<int>();
return res.ToString();
            }
}
    }
}
}
}

There are two static methods

  1. AddWithoutParameter() -> To Invoke HTTP Get on Service URI. {In Green}
     

  2. AddWithParameter() -> To Invoke HTTP POST on Service URI. {In Yellow}

Output

11.jpg

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