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How To Do with SharePoint Web Part

Posted by Muralidharan Deenathayalan Articles | SharePoint 2010 June 01, 2011
A SharePoint Web Part is a server side control that can be added into Webpart zones in Webpart pages in a SharePoint environment.
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What is SharePoint WebPart?

A SharePoint Web Part is a server side control that can be added into Webpart zones in Webpart pages in a SharePoint environment.

Webpart categories:

Category

Web Part Name

Business Data 

 

Business Data ActionsBottom of Form

Business Data Connectivity FilterBottom of Form

Business Data ItemBottom of Form

Business Data Item BuilderBottom of Form

Business Data ListBottom of Form

Business Data Related ListBottom of Form

ChartBottom of Form

Excel Web AccessBottom of Form

Indicator DetailsBottom of Form

Status ListBottom of Form

Visio Web AccessBottom of Form

Content Rollup 

 

CategoriesBottom of Form

Content QueryBottom of Form

iView

MembershipsBottom of Form

My SharePoint SitesBottom of Form

My WorkspacesBottom of Form

Relevant DocumentsBottom of Form

RSS ViewerBottom of Form

SharePoint DocumentsBottom of Form

Site AggregatorBottom of Form

Sites In CategoryBottom of Form

Summary LinksBottom of Form

Table Of ContentsBottom of Form

Web AnalyticsBottom of Form

WSRP ViewerBottom of Form

XML ViewerBottom of Form

Document Sets

Document Set ContentsBottom of Form

Document Set PropertiesBottom of Form

Filters 

 

Choice FilterBottom of Form

Current User FilterBottom of Form

Date FilterBottom of Form

Filter ActionsBottom of Form

Page Field FilterBottom of Form

Query String (URL) FilterBottom of Form

SharePoint List FilterBottom of Form

SQL Analysis Server FilterBottom of Form

Text FilterBottom of Form

Forms

HTML FormBottom of Form

InfoPath FormBottom of Form

Lists and Libraries

Form ViewBottom of Form

List View

Media and Content 

 

Content EditorBottom of Form

Image ViewerBottom of Form

Media Web PartBottom of Form

Page ViewerBottom of Form

Picture Library SlideshowBottom of Form

SilverlightBottom of Form

Outlook Web App 

 

My CalendarBottom of Form

My ContactsBottom of Form

My InboxBottom of Form

My Mail FolderBottom of Form

My TasksBottom of Form

PerformancePoint 

 

PerformancePoint FilterBottom of Form

PerformancePoint ReportBottom of Form

PerformancePoint ScorecardBottom of Form

PerformancePoint Stack SelectorBottom of Form

Search

Advanced Search BoxBottom of Form

Dual Chinese SearchBottom of Form

Federated ResultsBottom of Form

People Refinement PanelBottom of Form

People Search BoxBottom of Form

People Search Core ResultsBottom of Form

Top of Form

Refinement PanelBottom of Form

Related QueriesBottom of Form

Search Action LinksBottom of Form

Search Best BetsBottom of Form

Search BoxBottom of Form

Search Core ResultsBottom of Form

Search PagingBottom of Form

Search StatisticsBottom of Form

Search SummaryBottom of Form

Top Federated ResultsTop of Form

Bottom of Form

Social Collaboration 

 

Ask Me AboutBottom of Form

ColleaguesBottom of Form

Contact DetailsBottom of Form

In Common With YouBottom of Form

My Organization ChartBottom of Form

Note BoardBottom of Form

Organization BrowserBottom of Form

Recent ActivitiesBottom of Form

Recent Blog PostsBottom of Form

Site UsersBottom of Form

Tag CloudBottom of Form

User TasksBottom of Form

What's NewBottom of Form

WhereaboutsBottom of Form

SQL Server Reporting

Top of Form

SQL Server Reporting Services Report ViewerBottom of Form


What is visual Webpart?

A Visual Webpart is one of the good features in SharePoint whereby it allows the user to do a drag & drop from VS 2010. Internally what happens is that in the Webpart's CreateChildControls() method it is adding the user control from the specified location. And the user control is supporting the drag & drop feature.
 
How to use a Visual Webpart?

Step 1 : Create a new Visual Web Part Project.


WebPart1.gif

Step 2:

WebPart2.gif

Step 3:

Farm Solution:

FARM solutions are hosted in the IIS worker processer and the code will affect the entire FARM.

Sandboxed Solution:

Sandboxed solutions are hosted in SPUCWorkerProcess and the code will affect the site collection of the solution. Visual Webparts can't be sandboxed.
 
From the Solution Explorer, open the VisulaWebPart1usercontrol.ascx page and go to Design view.

Drag the DataGridView into the Designer.

WebPart3.gif

Step 4: On the Page Load event of the user control, please add the following code.

This code is used to get the available list & libraries from http://localhost site.

        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (!IsPostBack)
            {
                using (SPSite site = new SPSite("http://localhost"))
                {
                    using (SPWeb web = site.OpenWeb())
                    {
                        DataTable listDataTable = new DataTable();
                        listDataTable.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ListName"));
                        listDataTable.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Description"));
                        foreach (SPList list in web.Lists)
                        {
                            DataRow listDataRow = listDataTable.NewRow();
                            listDataRow["ListName"] = list.Title;
                            listDataRow["Description"] = list.Description;
                            listDataTable.Rows.Add(listDataRow);
                            listDataTable.AcceptChanges();
                        }
                        GridView1.AutoGenerateColumns = true;
                        GridView1.DataSource = listDataTable;
                        GridView1.DataBind();
                    }
                }
            }
        }


Step 5: Build and deploy the solution. Once it is successfully deployed go to SharePoint in your browser.[ http://localhost/ ]

Step 6 : Click on Edit Page from the Site Actions menu.

WebPart4.gif

Step 7 : Click on Edit Tools-> Insert->Webpart. The deployed web part will be available under the Custom Category. Click on the Custom category option; then you can get the new deployed visualwebpart1. Select the VisualWebpart1 and Click Add button.

WebPart5.gif

Step 8 : Once you've added it, click on the Save & Close button.

WebPart6.gif

Step 9 : Output of the Visualwebpart1.

WebPart7.gif

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