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Data Types in JSON

By Sandeep Singh Shekhawat on Oct 12, 2012
JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is an open and text-based data exchange format means it is a text format for the serialization of structured data. It is derived from object literals of javascript.

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is an open and text-based data exchange format. In other words it is a text format for the serialization of structured data. It is derived from object literals of JavaScript.

JSON represents six data types

1. Primitive Types

  • String
  • Number
  • Boolean
  • Null

2. Structure Type

  • Object
  • Array


JSON Data Type

String: It begins and ends with double-quote marks and contains Unicode characters in a sequence. Any character may be escaped.

Number: A number can be an integer, real number, decimal point, with exponent part and prefix minus sign but it does not contain hex and octal forms.

Boolean: It contains true or false.

Null: empty


  • It represents an ordered sequence of values.
  • It is enclosed in square bracts.
  • Each value is separated by a comma.
  • Array values can be any valid data type.
  • Data is retrieved from the array by an index.
  • An Array can contain an Object.


  • It is an unordered collection in name/value pairs.
  • Each pair is enclosed in curly brackets.
  • A Name/Value is separated by a colon (":").
  • A Name is defined in double-quotes and can contain Unicode characters.
  • A Value can't be a function.
  • Values can be any data type.
  • Object values can retrieved using the . operator with the name.
  • We use an eval() JavaScript function to convert JSON text into a JSON object.


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="JSONArray.aspx.cs" Inherits="JqueryValidation.JSONArray" %>


<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "">


<html xmlns="">

<head runat="server">


    <style type="text/css">



        border:1px solid #000;



    <script type="text/javascript">

    //create an Array which contains type and phoneNumber

        var phoneNumber = [{

            "type": "Home",

            "number": 919461162949



            "type": "Office",

            "number": "123456789"



     function getPhoneInfo()


         var displayDiv = document.getElementById("displayDiv");

         var detailTable = document.createElement("table");

         detailTable.setAttribute("class", "border");


         var thType = document.createElement("th");

         thType.setAttribute("class", "border");




         var thNumber = document.createElement("th");

         thNumber.setAttribute("class", "border");




         for (var i = 0; i < phoneNumber.length; i++)


             var row = document.createElement("tr");


             var colType = document.createElement("td");

             colType.setAttribute("class", "border");


             var colNumber = document.createElement("td");

             colNumber.setAttribute("class", "border");


             //Read data from Array












<body onload="getPhoneInfo()">

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

    <div id="displayDiv">   







Sandeep Singh Shekhawat
Sandeep Singh Shekhawat

Sandeep Singh Shekhawat is a Software Developer. He is awarded for C# Corner MVP(2013,2014 and 2015) and CodeProject MVP (2015). His three articles at CodeProject are prize wining in article competition. His more than 10... Read more