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Keyboard Interaction in Windows Store App Using XAML

Posted by Georgie Webber Articles | Windows Store Apps December 05, 2012
This article shows you how to respond to keyboard interaction in Windows Store apps.
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This article describes how to respond to keyboard input in a Windows Store Application. I will show you how to take full advantage of keyboard capabilities to control the system and Windows Store apps using XAML.

Keyboard input is an important part of the overall user interaction experience for Windows Store apps in Windows 8. In this article I will create an application that supports user interactions with a hardware keyboard or the touch keyboard. 

Now I am going to create a Windows Store application to respond to user input through the keyboard using KeyUp and KeyDown events.

Step 1

Create a new Windows Store application using Blank template.

Step 2

Now I create UI markup in the MainPage.xaml page:

<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top">

        <Grid.RowDefinitions>

            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>

            <RowDefinition Height="*"/>

        </Grid.RowDefinitions>

            <TextBlock x:Name="InputTextBlock1"  TextWrapping="Wrap" Grid.Row="0" Style="{StaticResource BasicTextStyle}" HorizontalAlignment="Left" >

            Press the keys from V,I,B,G,Y,O,R to change the color correspondingly.

            </TextBlock> 

        <Grid x:Name="Output" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Grid.Row="1">

            <StackPanel>

                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Margin="0,10,0,0">

                    <Button x:Name="Reset" Content="Reset" Margin="0,0,10,0" Click="Reset" />

                    <TextBlock Style="{StaticResource BasicTextStyle}" Margin="5,5,0,0" x:Name="keyState" HorizontalAlignment="Left" TextWrapping="Wrap"/>

                </StackPanel>

                <StackPanel Margin="0,10,0,0">

                    <Border x:Name="bChange" Background="White" Height="100" Width="150" CornerRadius="20" Margin="20" BorderBrush="Black" BorderThickness="2" >

                        <TextBlock Style="{StaticResource BasicTextStyle}" Text="White" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>

                    </Border>

                </StackPanel>

            </StackPanel>

        </Grid>
   </Grid>

In the preceding code is a Textblock with a rounded border. I will let the user enter the keys that are displayed on the screen. As the user presses the key, the border changes the color correspondingly.

Step 3

Put this code in the .cs file.

First, create event handlers KeyDown and KeyUp of the parent grid of the border:

Output.KeyDown += Output_KeyDown_1;

Output.KeyUp += Output_KeyUp_1;

Code of KeyDown event:

private void Output_KeyDown_1(object sender,KeyRoutedEventArgs e)

{

    keyState.Text = "\""+ e.Key.ToString() + "\"" + " KeyDown";

}

Code of KeyUp event:
 

private void Output_KeyUp_1(object sender,KeyRoutedEventArgs e)

{

   keyState.Text = "\"" + e.Key.ToString() + "\"" + " KeyUp";

   UpdateVisuals(bChange, e.Key.ToString());

}

Code of VisualUpdate method:
 

void UpdateVisuals(Border border, String color)

{

    switch (color.ToLower())

    {

         case "v":

            border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Violet);

            ((TextBlock)border.Child).Text = "Violet";

            break;

          case "i":

             border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Indigo);

             ((TextBlock)border.Child).Text = "Indigo";

             break;

          case "b":

             border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Blue);

             ((TextBlock)border.Child).Text = "Blue";

              break;

          case "g":

              border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Green);

              ((TextBlock)border.Child).Text = "Green";

              break;

          case "y":

              border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Yellow);

              ((TextBlock)border.Child).Text = "Yellow";

              break;

          case "o":

              border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Orange);

               ((TextBlock)border.Child).Text = "Orange";

               break;

          case "r":

               border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Red);

               ((TextBlock)border.Child).Text = "Red";

               break;

          default:

               border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.White);

               ((TextBlock)border.Child).Text = "White";

               break;

      }           

}       

Code of Reset button:

void Reset()

{

   Scenario5UpdateVisuals(bChange, "");

   keyState.Text = "";

}

Step 4

Now, the app is ready to respond to user interaction though the keyboard. Run the app using F5. Now press the key from the given alphabet on the screen.

keyboard-intreaction-in-windows-store-apps.jpg

You will see that the color will change corresponding to the key pressed.

keyboard-response-in-windows-store-apps.jpg

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