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Stored Procedure in SQL Server 2012

Posted by Deepak Arora Articles | SQL Server October 29, 2012
In this article I described Stored Procedures in SQL Server 2012.
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Introduction

In this article I give a short description of Stored Procedures. In this article I describe how to create a Stored Procedure, use of Stored Procedures, the benefits of Stored Procedures and Stored Procedures for insert, update, delete  and join.

Stored Procedure

Store Procedures are a precompiled set of one or more statements that are stored together in the database. They reduce the network load because of the precompilation. We can create a Stored Procedure using the "Create proc" statement.

Why we use Stored Procedure

There are several reasons to use a Stored Procedure. They are a network load reducer and decrease execution time because they are precompiled. The most important use of a Stored Procedure is for security purposes. They can restrict SQL Injection. We can avoid SQL injection by use of a Stored Procedure.

Difference Between Stored Procedure and Function:

  1. A Stored Procedure may or may not return a value but a function always returns a value.
  2. We can use a function in a Stored Procedure but we can't use a Stored Procedure in a Function

Here we create two tables named emp and emp1 on which we apply a Stored Procedure.

Creation of emp table:

create table emp(empId int, empName varchar(15), empAge int )

Inserting values
 

insert into emp

select 1,'deepak',21 union all

select 2,'Arora',21 union all

select 3,'Vandna',22


Output
 

select * from emp
 

storeprocedue-in-sql-emp.jpg

Creation of emp1 table
 

create table emp1(empId int,empAdd varchar(35)) 


Inserting the value
 

insert into emp1

select 1,'delhi'union all

select 2,'banglore'union all

select 3,'usa'


Output
 

select * from emp1 


store-procedure-in-sql-emp1.jpg

Type of Stored Procedure

  1. System Stored Procedure

  2. User Defined Stored Procedure

Here I describe only User Defined Stored Procedure

Types of User Defined Store Procedure:

  1. Non-parameterized Stored Procedure

  2. Parameterized Stored Procedure

Non-parameterized Stored Procedure:

This type of Stored Procedure does not accept parameters.

Non-parameterized Stored Procedure for Showing All Records
 

create proc usp_select

as

select * from emp 

Output:

exec usp_select

store-procedure-in-sql-usp-select.jpg

Non-parameterized Stored Procedure for Join:

create proc usp_join

as

select e.empId,e.empName,e.empAge,e1.empAdd from emp e inner join emp1 e1 on e.empId=e1.empId

Output:

exec usp_join

store-procedure-in-sql-usp-join.jpg

Parameterized Stored Procedure:

These accept one or more Parameters. It is important that the data type of the parameters be the same as the data type in the tables.

Parameterized Stored Procedure for Insert

create proc usp_insert(@id int,@name  varchar(15),@age int)

as

insert into emp values(@id,@name,@age)

Output:
 

exec usp_insert 4,'Ankit',19


exec usp_select


store-procedure-in-sql-usp-insert.jpg

Parameterized Stored Procedure for Update
 

create proc usp_update(@id int,@name  varchar(15),@age int)

as

update emp set empName=@name,empAge=@age where empId=@id


Output:
 

exec usp_update 4,'Mohan',20


exec usp_select



store-procedure-in-sql-usp_update.jpg

Parameterized Store Procedure for delete
 

create proc usp_delete(@id int)

as

delete from emp where empId=@id


Output:

exec usp_delete 4


exec usp_select


store-procedure-in-sql-usp-delete.jpg

Summary

In this article I described Store Procedures in SQL Server. I hope this article has helped you to understand this topic. Please share if you know more about this. Your feedback and constructive contributions are welcome.

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