ARTICLE

Working with the SqlTransaction Class in ADO.NET

Posted by A K Articles | ADO.NET November 24, 2011
The SqlTransaction class is very important class of .NET Framework. In this article you will learn about the SqlTransaction class in ADO.Net.
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Introduction:

The SqlTransaction class is very important class of .NET Framework. The SqlTransaction class is used for satisfying the ACID property of DBMS (I am not describing ACID property here.). It ensure that a body of code will affect a Database or keep the same as previous (Rollback). In this article, I am giving an example of using the SqlTransaction class in .NET using C#. At first we should know about it's two most important method which will be used here. They are given below.

  • Commit(): It commits the transaction. It save changes made in Database during transaction. In simple term we can say also that it shows the end of transaction at that time.
  • Rollback(): It is used to rollback the transaction. It set the Database in previous stage which was, before the begin of transaction. 

Now we write a simple program to understand how it works. At first we create a Database. We are writing a program for transaction, so we create two tables. I am creating two tables as userdet and moneytrans insert some records in userdet table. Below, I am giving a screen shot of the output of a select command for showing the records of the tables.

select * from userdet
select
* from moneytrans

sqltransaction class in ado.net


Writing Program:

Create a windows application and arrange U.I. controls.( I have arranged it as below) 

sqltransaction class in ado.net

using System;
using
System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using
System.Data;
using
System.Drawing;
using
System.Linq;
using
System.Text;
using
System.Windows.Forms;
using
System.Data.SqlClient;
 
 

namespace
SqlTransactionClassinAdodotNet
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }
        SqlConnection conn;
        SqlCommand comm1, comm2, comm3;
        SqlTransaction trans;
        SqlDataAdapter adapter1, adapter2;
        DataSet ds1, ds2;
        string constring = @"Data Source=SERVER_NAME;Initial Catalog=EMP;Integrated Security=True";
        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            conn = new SqlConnection(constring);
            conn.Open();
            comm1 = new SqlCommand("select userid from userdet", conn);
            SqlDataReader reader = comm1.ExecuteReader();
            while (reader.Read())
            {
                cmbuserid.Items.Add(reader[0]);
            }
            reader.Close();
            conn.Close();
        }
 
        private void btnshowrecord_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            adapter1 = new SqlDataAdapter("select * from userdet", constring);
            adapter2 = new SqlDataAdapter("select * from moneytrans", constring);
            ds1 = new System.Data.DataSet();
            adapter1.Fill(ds1);
            ds2 = new System.Data.DataSet();
            adapter2.Fill(ds2);
            dgvforuserdet.DataSource = ds1.Tables[0];
            dgvformoneytrans.DataSource = ds2.Tables[0];
        }
        private void btnok_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
           
            if (txtamount.Text == "" || cmbuserid.Text == "")
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Plz, Write Amout");
            }
            else
            {
            conn = new SqlConnection(constring);
            conn.Open();
            comm2 = new SqlCommand("insert into moneytrans values(" + cmbuserid.SelectedItem.ToString() + "," + txtamount.Text + ")", conn);
            comm3 = new SqlCommand("update userdet set amount=amount-'" + txtamount.Text + "' where userid="+ cmbuserid.SelectedItem.ToString()+"
           
", conn);
            trans = conn.BeginTransaction();
            comm2.Transaction = trans;
            comm3.Transaction = trans;
                try
                {
                comm2.ExecuteNonQuery();
                comm3.ExecuteNonQuery();
                trans.Commit();
                        MessageBox.Show("Transaction Complted. ");
                    }
                    catch (Exception)
                    {
                        trans.Rollback();
                        MessageBox.Show("Transaction Failed..");
                    }
                }
                conn.Close();
            }
        }
    }
 
Note here (In the try block of code), I have used commit() method after both ExecuteNonQuery. Suppose first ExecuteNonQuery() statement has
executed (Means amount has been transferred to moneytrans table) and any error has
occurred. Then inconsistency will be generated in Database
because error has occurred after execution of first
ExecuteNonQuery statement. So, although Amount has transferred from userdet table but Database table will show full amount as previous). So commit() should be used after execution of all transaction statement. If there will be any error, then control will jump to catch block where we have used Rollback(), which will rollback the transaction.

Output:

sqltransaction class in ado.net

Click at "Show All Record" button. It will show the all records of both table.

Output:

sqltransaction class in ado.net

Now, fill the form and click "ok" button.

sqltransaction class in ado.net

After clicking ok button, a messagebox will is appeared with confirm message of transaction. Like as below figure.

sqltransaction class in ado.net

Now see the record of Database table to view all transaction.

sqltransaction class in ado.net

Suppose a user writes the wrong amount( Non numeric value) in the amount field, then the transaction will be rolledback. Like the below figure.

Entering Wrong Input:

sqltransaction class in ado.net

Output: 

sqltransaction class in ado.net

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