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Sorting in WebViewer

Posted by Tanai Articles | ASP.NET Programming February 29, 2012
Recently our technical support team received a question from one of our customers about how to sort data in the Web Viewer in SharpShooter Reports. The customer wanted to click a column header to sort the data.
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Recently our technical support team received a question from one of our customers about how to sort data in the Web Viewer in SharpShooter Reports. The customer wanted to click a column header to sort the data. The first thing our support team wanted to reply was:

''Unfortunately, our product does not support the requested functionality''. But our products architecture is developed the way that if a customer wants to add some new functionality that is not supported by the product, he can do this programmatically.

The powerful scripting feature in SharpShooter Reports allows developing any reports you cannot even imagine. Thanks to the flexibility of JavaScript and HTML you can create miracles! So, using all these, I tried to implement the data sorting functionality the way the customer wants and would like to tell you how I did this.

First of all, let's see what we need to implement data sorting in the WebViewer.

I used the "SharpShooterWebViewer" sample delivered with the product package as the base for the development. Then, I added the "NWIND.MDB" database to the project that can be found here: "C:\Program Files (x86)\Perpetuum Software\SharpShooter Collection\Resources\Data\". As the next step, I added the "DataSet" that contains database structure and "TableAdapter" to fill the "Customers" table.

Let's start from a report template.

I created a simple template using the wizard which displays the data from the "Customers" table. You can see the template on the Picture 1 below:

StrWeb1.gif

Picture 1. Report Template.

Step 1:  Adding sorting conditions

The "DataBand" report element allows implementing data sorting. To do this, it is needed to set a collection of expressions in the "Sort" property of the element. These expressions will be used for data sorting.

On the Pictureture 2 below you can see the expressions set for the dataBand1. These expressions mean that first the data will be sorted by the "Country" field, then by the ''City'' field, and then by the "ContactName" field. The sorting will be performed alphabetically.

StrWeb2.gif

Picture 2: Sorting Expressions.

Step 2: Adding the ability to click a column header

Since a user needs to have the ability to sort the data with the mouse click, report elements should respond to a mouse click. All report elements in SharpShooter Reports have the "Hyperlink" property. When this property is set, the report elements will "report to a user" (throw an event) that they are clicked. A user may ignore (not handle) the event. In this case, a user will go by the link specified in the "Hyperlink" property.

So, let's set the "Hyperlink" property for the headers of our columns the following way:

sort:sort<Column name> , where <Column name> is a name of the field from which the data for the column is taken. In our report we will sort the data by 3 columns: the "Country", "City", and the "ContactName". Values of the "Hyperlink" property for them will be correspondingly as follows: "sort:sortCountry", "sort:sortCity", "sort:sortContactName".

StrWeb3.gif

Picture 3. Header property for the "Country" column.

The "Hyperlink" property is set the following way: sort:sort<Column name>. We make it this way to easy understand how to work with the link value in the handler of the link click.

"sort:" means that it is required to do sorting, "sort<Column name>" is the name of the parameter in the report which defines direction of the column sorting.

Step 3:  Adding parameters in the report

Let's add parameters to our report. These parameters will define the direction of data sorting. To do this, select the "document1" in the property grid and press the Btn.gif button near the "Parameters" property.

StrWeb4.gif

Picture 4. Document properties.

Add three parameters:

StrWeb5.gif

Picture 5. Report parameters.

By default, set the parameters values to "True". This means that sorting will be performed alphabetically.

Step 4: Setting sorting direction

Now let's write a script that will be executed before page generation and set sorting direction in the columns. To do this, select the "page1" in the property grid and press theBtn.gif button near the "GenerateScript" property.

  StrWeb6.gif

Picture 6. Page properties.

Add the following code to the Script Editor:

if (((bool)GetParameter("sortCountry")))
{
    dataBand1.Sort[0].Order = PerpetuumSoft.Reporting.Data.Groupping.SortOrder.Ascending;
}
else
{
    dataBand1.Sort[0].Order = PerpetuumSoft.Reporting.Data.Groupping.SortOrder.Descending;
}
if (((bool)GetParameter("sortCity")))
{
    dataBand1.Sort[1].Order = PerpetuumSoft.Reporting.Data.Groupping.SortOrder.Ascending;
}
else
{
    dataBand1.Sort[1].Order = PerpetuumSoft.Reporting.Data.Groupping.SortOrder.Descending;
}
if (((bool)GetParameter("sortContactName")))
{
    dataBand1.Sort[2].Order = PerpetuumSoft.Reporting.Data.Groupping.SortOrder.Ascending;
}
else
{
    dataBand1.Sort[2].Order = PerpetuumSoft.Reporting.Data.Groupping.SortOrder.Descending;
}


In this code, the sorting direction is set depending on the parameter value. If the parameter value is set to "True", the sorting will be performed alphabetically, and if the parameter value is equal to "False", the sorting will be performed in reverse order.

StrWeb7.gif

Picture 7. Editor of the "GenerateScript" property of the page.

Step 5: Adding indicators for sorting direction in column headers

We can also add an indicator to column headers which indicates sorting direction in a column. To do this, open the editor for the "GenerateScript" property.

StrWeb8.gif

Picture 8. Properties of the "Country" column header.

In the editor of the "GenerateScript", add the following code:

 if (((bool)GetParameter("sortCountry")))

Img1.gif


Here we define the sorting direction and "up" or "down" arrow is added to the header. The
"if (!header1_CustomersFull_Country.Text.Contains
Img2.gif" condition means that an arrow will not be added to a header if a header repeats on every page.

StrWeb9.gif

Picture 9. Editor of the "GenerateScript" property for the "Country" column header.

Here we finish configuring our report. Let's move to the settings of the client application.

First of all, let me describe the basic things required to set up the client part. There are a few of them:

  1. Set the handler for clicking through the links in a report.
  2. When report data is loaded, it is required to load report parameters (if they have not been loaded yet) and save them.

Step 6: Report parameters

Add the "reportParameters" variable - it will contain a collection of report parameters:

var reportParameters = null;

Step 7: Handler for parameters loading

Add the handler for the parameters loading event:

reportViewer.reportParametersLoadedEvent = function (parameters) {
reportParameters = parameters;
};

In the handler, we save parameters obtained from the server to the "reportParameters" local variable.

Step 8: Load report parameters

Call the following method in the handler for the "documentInfoLoadedEvent" event: "reportViewer.loadReportParameters()".

This method loads report parameters:

reportViewer.documentInfoLoadedEvent = function (pages) {
$("#pageCount").text(pages.length);
if (reportParameters == null) {
reportViewer.loadReportParameters();
}
};


Step 9: Handler for the link click-through

Set the handler for the link click-through in a report. To do this, call the setHyperlinkClickHandler method in the reportViewer. Method gets a function as a parameter and this function will be called when a link is clicked:

...
reportViewer.setHyperlinkClickHandler(hyperlinkClickCallback);
...

Function of click-through handling. "hyperlink" is a value of a link by which a click was done:

function hyperlinkClickCallback(hyperlink) {
if (hyperlink.toString().indexOf("sort") == 0) {
var startIndex = hyperlink.toString().indexOf(":") + 1;
var paramName = hyperlink.toString().substr(startIndex);

if (reportParameters != null) {
$(reportParameters).each(function (i) {
if (reportParameters[i].Name == paramName) {
if (reportParameters[i].Value == null) {
reportParameters[i].Value = !eval(reportParameters[i].DefaultValue);
}
else {
reportParameters[i].Value = !reportParameters[i].Value;
}
reportViewer.parameters.remove(reportParameters[i]);
reportViewer.parameters.add(reportParameters[i]);
reportViewer.renderDocument();
return false;
}
});
}
}
}

Ok, this is all we need to do to set up the client side.

So, let's see what we get in the end:

StrWeb10.gif

Picture 10. Alphabetical data sorting.
StrWeb11.gif

Picture 11. "City" and "ContactName" Columns are sorted in reverse order.

In this article we described how you can add some additional functionality to WebViewer in SharpShooter Reports using the data sorting sample. The similar approach can be applied to Silverlight Viewer of the product as well. The only exception is that in Silverlight Viewer you will have to put inside the code information about the parameters because there is not a method that allows loading report parameters from a service.
 

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