ARTICLE

Rendering Image Using Pixel Buffer in Windows Store Apps

Posted by Gaurav Gupta Articles | Windows Store Apps November 22, 2012
In this article I will how you how to load an image using Pixel Buffer or PBuffer by using WritableBitmap in Windows Store Apps using XAML.
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This article describes an alternative way to load the image into a WriteableBitmap using FileOpenPicker in Windows Store Apps using XAML.

Introduction


Here I will show you how to load an image using PixelBuffer. The Pixel buffer or pBuffer is an extension to OpenGL which allows off-screen rendering. It expands upon Vertex Buffer Objects (VBO) in order to store not only vertex data but also pixel data into the buffer objects.

In my previous article I will show you how to load an image using File Stream in Windows Store Apps. You can see it from here:

http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/UploadFile/99bb20/loading-image-from-file-stream-in-windows-store-apps/

Now let's start to load an image using a PixelBuffer object.

Step 1

Create a Blank Windows Store Apps using XAML.

Step 2

Here is code of XAML markup for UI.

<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White">

     <Grid.RowDefinitions>

            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>

            <RowDefinition Height="*"/>

      </Grid.RowDefinitions>

     <Button x:Name="Button1" Content="Select image..." Margin="0,0,10,0" Grid.Row="2"Grid.Column="0" />
    <
Grid x:Name="Output" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Grid.Row="1">
         <Image x:Name="Image1" Stretch="None" />
    </
Grid>  
<
/Grid> 

Step 3

Add some namespace to use the libraries.

using System.Threading.Tasks;

using Windows.Graphics.Imaging;

using Windows.Storage.Pickers;

using Windows.Storage;

using Windows.Storage.Streams;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Media.Imaging;

Step 4

Now, create an object of FileOpenPicker to pick the file from the system, also add the filter type for the file.

FileOpenPicker picker = new FileOpenPicker();

picker.SuggestedStartLocation = PickerLocationId.PicturesLibrary;

picker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".png");

picker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".jpeg");

picker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".jpg");

picker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".bmp");

Step 5

Pick the file using the PickSingleFileAsync() method, as in:

  StorageFile file = await picker.PickSingleFileAsync();

Step 6

Check if the file is null. If not then open the file in stream.

if (file != null)

{

   using (IRandomAccessStream fileStream = await file.OpenAsync(Windows.Storage.FileAccessMode.Read))

}

Now Scale the image to the appropriate size.

BitmapDecoder decoder = await BitmapDecoder.CreateAsync(fileStream);                                      
BitmapTransform transform = new BitmapTransform()
{
  ScaledWidth =
Convert.ToUInt32(WriteableBitmap.PixelWidth),
  ScaledHeight = Convert.ToUInt32(WriteableBitmap.PixelHeight)
};


Load an image into WriteableBitmap by decoding it into a byte stream.
 

PixelDataProvider pixelData = await decoder.GetPixelDataAsync
(

  BitmapPixelFormat.Bgra8,BitmapAlphaMode.Straight,transform,ExifOrientationMode.IgnoreExifOrientation,

  ColorManagementMode.DoNotColorManage
);                    

byte[] sourcePixels = pixelData.DetachPixelData();

Open a stream to copy the image contents to the WriteableBitmap's pixel buffer.

using (Stream stream = WriteableBitmap.PixelBuffer.AsStream())

{

   await stream.WriteAsync(sourcePixels, 0, sourcePixels.Length);

}

Now, Redraw the WriteableBitmap.

WriteableBitmap.Invalidate();

Step 7

Full code of the .cs file:

using Windows.Foundation;

using Windows.UI.Xaml;

using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

using Windows.UI.Xaml.Navigation;

using Windows.UI.Xaml.Media.Imaging;

using System;

using System.Threading.Tasks;

using Windows.Graphics.Imaging;

using Windows.Storage.Pickers;

using Windows.Storage;

using Windows.Storage.Streams;

using Windows.System.Threading;

 

namespace Images

{   

    public sealed partial class LoadImage : Page
    { 

        public Scenario4()

        {

            this.InitializeComponent();           

        } 

        protected async override void OnNavigatedTo(NavigationEventArgs e)

        {                      

        }       

        private WriteableBitmap WriteableBitmap; 

        private async void LoadImageUsingPixelBuffer_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {             

            FileOpenPicker picker = new FileOpenPicker();

            picker.SuggestedStartLocation = PickerLocationId.PicturesLibrary;

            picker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".png");

            picker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".jpeg");

            picker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".jpg");

            picker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".bmp"); 

            StorageFile file = await picker.PickSingleFileAsync();

 

            if (file != null)

            {

                using (IRandomAccessStream fileStream = await file.OpenAsync(Windows.Storage.FileAccessMode.Read))

                {

                    BitmapDecoder decoder = await BitmapDecoder.CreateAsync(fileStream);                   

                    BitmapTransform transform = new BitmapTransform() {

                    ScaledWidth = Convert.ToUInt32(WriteableBitmap.PixelWidth),

                    ScaledHeight = Convert.ToUInt32(WriteableBitmap.PixelHeight)};                   

                    PixelDataProvider pixelData = await decoder.GetPixelDataAsync(

                    BitmapPixelFormat.Bgra8,BitmapAlphaMode.Straight,transform,ExifOrientationMode.IgnoreExifOrientation,
                        ColorManagementMode.DoNotColorManage); 

                    byte[] sourcePixels = pixelData.DetachPixelData(); 

                    using (Stream stream = WriteableBitmap.PixelBuffer.AsStream())

                    {

                      await stream.WriteAsync(sourcePixels, 0, sourcePixels.Length);

                    }

                }               

                WriteableBitmap.Invalidate();

            }

        }

    }

}

Step 8

Now, run the app and see the output.

Select the image using FileOpenPicker contract.

File-Open-Picker-In-Windows-STore-apps.jpg

You will see the image displayed on the screen using the PixelBuffer object.

Load-Image-Using-Pixel-Buffer-In-Windows-STore-apps.jpg

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