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Create Custom Content Type in SharePoint 2010 Using ECMAScript

Posted by Vijai Anand Articles | SharePoint 2010 January 23, 2012
In this article you will see how to create custom content type in SharePoint 2010 using ECMAScript.
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Introduction

In this article you will see how to create custom content type in SharePoint 2010 using ECMAScript
(Navigate to the site, click on Site Actions. Click on Site Settings. In the Galleries section, click on Site Content Types).

Steps Involved

  1. Navigate to the SharePoint site (I have a site page created in my site where I am going to add the content editor web part).
  2. Go to Site Actions, click on Edit Page.

    LstCntSHr1.gif
     
  3. Click on Insert tab in the ribbon interface and then click on Web Part button.

    LstCntSHr2.gif
     
  4. Select Media and Content in the Categories section and then click on Content Editor.

    LstCntSHr3.gif
     
  5. Click on Add.
  6. Content editor web part will be added to the site page.
  7. Click on down arrow and then click on Edit Web Part.

    LstCntSHr4.gif
     
  8. Click on "Click here to add new content".

    LstCntSHr5.gif
     
  9. Click on Format Text tab in the ribbon interface and then click on HTML drop down.

    LstCntSHr6.gif
     
  10. Click on Edit HTML source.
  11. HTML source window will pop up.

    LstCntSHr7.gif
     
  12. Copy and paste the following script.

      <script language="ecmascript" type="text/ecmascript">

               var contentTypeCollection;

            function createContentType() {
                var clientContext = new SP.ClientContext.get_current();
                if (clientContext != undefined && clientContext != null) {
                    var web = clientContext.get_web();
                    this.contentTypeCollection = web.get_contentTypes();
                    var newContentType = new SP.ContentTypeCreationInformation();
                    newContentType.set_name('Custom Content Type');
                    newContentType.set_description('My custom content type');
                    this.contentTypeCollection.add(newContentType);
                    clientContext.load(this.contentTypeCollection);
                    clientContext.executeQueryAsync(Function.createDelegate(this, this.onQuerySucceeded), Function.createDelegate(this, this.onQueryFailed));
                }
            }

            function onQuerySucceeded() {
                alert("Content Type created successfully")
            }

            function onQueryFailed(sender, args) {
                alert('Request failed. ' + args.get_message() + '\n' + args.get_stackTrace());
            }</script>
        <input id="btnCreateContentType" onclick="createContentType()" type="button" value="Create Content Type"
    />


     

  13. Click on Ok.
  14. In the ribbon interface click on Save & Close button.

    LstCntSHr8.gif
     
  15. In the content editor web part you could find a button named "Get Site Content Types", click on that button.

    LstCntSHr9.gif
     
  16. An alert will pop up as shown in the following:

    LstCntSHr10.gif
     
  17. Go to Site Actions, click on Site Settings. In the Galleries section, click on Site Content Types.
  18. In the Custom Content Types group, you could be able to see a new custom content type created.

    LstCntSHr11.gif

Reference

SP.ContentType.name Property - http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee549502.aspx

Summary

Thus in this article you have seen how to create a custom content type in SharePoint 2010 using ECMAScript.

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