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Auto Complete in DataGrid Cell Editing in Silverlight 3 Application

Posted by Diptimaya Patra Articles | XAML August 16, 2009
This article shows how to implement auto complete in DataGrid Cell Editing in Silverlight 3 Application.
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Introduction

In this article we will see how we can implement AutoComplete feature in a cell editing in DataGrid.

Creating Silverlight Project

Fire up Visual Studio 2008 and create a Silverlight Application. Name it as AutoComlpeteDataGridInSL3.

1.gif
 
Go ahead and add a DataGrid to your application.

2.gif
 
Now add a Class to define properties for sample data.

public
class Users: INotifyPropertyChanged
    {
        #region INotifyPropertyChanged Members

        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

        #endregion

 

        #region UserName

        private string _UserName;

        public string UserName

        {

            get { return _UserName; }

            set

            {

                if (value.Length < 4)

                {

                    throw new ValidationException("User Name should contain atleast 4 chars");

                }

                _UserName = value;

                RaisePropertyChanged("UserName");

            }

        }

        #endregion

 

        #region Age

        private int _Age;

        public int Age

        {

            get { return _Age; }

            set

            {

              _Age = value;

            }

        }

        #endregion

 

        #region Gender

        private string _Gender;

        public string Gender

        {

            get { return _Gender; }

            set

            {

                _Gender = value;

            }

        }

        #endregion

 

        #region Country

        private string _Country;

        public string Country

        {

            get { return _Country; }

            set

            {

                _Country = value;

            }

        }

        #endregion       

 

        private void RaisePropertyChanged(string propertyName)

        {

            if (this.PropertyChanged != null)

            {

                this.PropertyChanged(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));

            }

        }

    }

Now add some sample data to a List and assign the list to the ItemSource of the DataGrid.

public
MainPage()
        {

            InitializeComponent();

            List<Users> myList = new List<Users>

            {

                new Users{ UserName="Hiro Nakamura", Age=24, Gender="M", Country="Japan"},

                new Users{ UserName="Mohinder Suresh", Age=26, Gender="M", Country="India"},

                new Users{ UserName="Claire Bennette", Age=20, Gender="F", Country="USA"},

                new Users{ UserName="Matt Parkman", Age=30, Gender="M", Country="USA"},

                new Users{ UserName="Nathan Patrelli", Age=30, Gender="M", Country="USA"},

                new Users{ UserName="Peter Patrelli", Age=26, Gender="M", Country="USA"},

                new Users{ UserName="Mica Sanders", Age=19, Gender="M", Country="USA"},

                new Users{ UserName="Linderman", Age=56, Gender="M", Country="USA"},

                new Users{ UserName="Ando", Age=24, Gender="M", Country="Japan"},

                new Users{ UserName="Maya", Age=24, Gender="F", Country="Mexico"},

                new Users{ UserName="Angela Patrelli", Age=26, Gender="F", Country="USA"},

                new Users{ UserName="Niki Sanders", Age=26, Gender="F", Country="USA"},

            };

 

            MyDataGrid.ItemsSource = myList;

        }

Now that you have added some sample data, you can test your application.

3.gif
 
Now we don't need to have AutoGenerateColumns of the DataGrid as we are going to define our own.

Follow the xaml code behind for a template:

<
data:DataGrid x:Name="MyDataGrid" Margin="0" Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="1" IsReadOnly="False" AutoGenerateColumns="False">

            <data:DataGrid.Columns>

                <data:DataGridTextColumn Binding="{Binding Age}" Header="Age" />

                

                <data:DataGridTemplateColumn Header="User Name">

                    <data:DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>

                        <DataTemplate>

                            <TextBlock Text="{Binding UserName}" Margin="4" />

                        </DataTemplate>

                    </data:DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>

                    <data:DataGridTemplateColumn.CellEditingTemplate>

                        <DataTemplate>

                            <input:AutoCompleteBox

                                    HorizontalAlignment="Left"

                                    Width="180"

                                    IsTabStop="True"

                                    Text="{Binding UserName, Mode=TwoWay}"

                                    ItemsSource="{StaticResource SampleHeroes}"

                                    />

                        </DataTemplate>

                    </data:DataGridTemplateColumn.CellEditingTemplate>

                </data:DataGridTemplateColumn>

                <data:DataGridTextColumn Binding="{Binding Gender}" Header="Gender" />

                <data:DataGridTextColumn Binding="{Binding Country}" Header="Country" />

            </data:DataGrid.Columns>

 

        </data:DataGrid>

As you can see from the above xaml code the columns are bound to respective properties. For UserName we have a CellEditingTemplate, where we have used an AutoCompleteBox.

Now create a class named ObjectCollection and define the two constructors as follows:

public
class ObjectCollection: Collection<object>

    {

        public ObjectCollection()

        {

        }

 

        public ObjectCollection(IEnumerable collection)

        {

            foreach (object obj in collection)

            {

                Add(obj);

            }

        }

 

    }

Add a sample ObjectCollection in xaml code behind.

<UserControl.Resources>

        <local:ObjectCollection x:Key="SampleHeroes">

            <sys:String>Jack Sephered</sys:String>

            <sys:String>James Soyer</sys:String>

            <sys:String>John Lock</sys:String>

            <sys:String>Jacky Chan</sys:String>

        </local:ObjectCollection>

    </UserControl.Resources>

That's it we are done with this. Run your application.

Edit the User Name Column of any row and start typing with the letter "J" (as we have only fields starting with J).

You will be prompted with the List of values from the AutoCompleteBox:

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Enjoy Coding.

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