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Showing Category and Subcategory Using a Nested GridView in ASP.NET

By Rohatash Kumar on February 20, 2012
This article shows you how to implement a nested GridView and also display a category and subcategory using a nested GridView.
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This article shows you how to implement a nested GridView and also display a category and subcategory using a nested GridView. You create two tables, one for category and another for subcategory and also create a stored procedure for selecting category and subcategory from both tables in SQL Server. You have to create a web site and add a new page to the website. Drag and drop two GridView controls onto the form. One is to bind category and the other is for subcategory. Let's take a look at a practical example. We create tables for category and subcategory.

Creating Table in SQL Server Database

Now create two tables named MajorCategory and MinorCategory. We create CategoryID in MajorCategory table that is the foreign key for the MinorCategory also set the identity property of the CategoryID. The table looks as below.

MajorCategory Table

img1.gif

Now insert data into the table.

img2.gif

MinorCategory Table

img4.gif

Now insert data into the table.

img3.gif

Creating a Stored Procedure

Now create a stored procedure to select data from both tables.

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Web;

using System.Web.UI;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[usp_GetProductsForCategories]

 

AS

SELECT * FROM MajorCategory WHERE CategoryID IN

( SELECT CategoryID FROM MinorCategory )

SELECT p.MinorCategoryId , p.SubCategoryName ,p.CategoryID FROM MinorCategory p

First you have to create a web site.

  • Go to Visual Studio 2010
  • New-> Select a website application
  • Click OK

img5.gif

Now add a new page to the website.

  • Go to the Solution Explorer
  • Right Click on the Project name
  • Select add new item
  • Add new web page and give it a name
  • Click OK

img6.gif

Now create a new website and drag and drop two GridView controls onto the aspx page. The GridView code looks like this.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeFile="categorySubcategory.aspx.cs"

    Inherits="categorySubcategory" %>

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

<head runat="server">

    <title></title>

</head>

<body>

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

    <div>

        <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="4"

            ForeColor="#663300" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">

            <Columns>

                <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="CategoryName">

                    <ItemTemplate>

                        <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text='<%# Bind("CategoryName") %>'></asp:Label>

                    </ItemTemplate>

                </asp:TemplateField>

                <asp:TemplateField>

                    <ItemTemplate>

                        <asp:GridView ID="GridView2" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="4">

                            <Columns>

                                <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="SubCategoryName">

                                    <ItemTemplate>

                                        <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text='<%# Bind("SubCategoryName") %>'></asp:Label>

                                    </ItemTemplate>

                                </asp:TemplateField>

                            </Columns>

                        </asp:GridView>

                    </ItemTemplate>

                </asp:TemplateField>

            </Columns>

        </asp:GridView>

    </div>

    </form>

</body>

</html>

  

Now add the following namespaces.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

using System.Data;

 

Now write the connection string to connect to the database.

 

string strConnection = "Data Source=.; uid=sa; pwd=wintellect;database=registration;";

 

Now double-click on the page and write the following code for binding the data with the GridView.

 

private void BindData()

    {

        SqlConnection myConnection = new SqlConnection("Data Source=.; uid=sa; pwd=wintellect;database=registration;");

        SqlCommand myCommand = new SqlCommand("usp_GetProductsForCategories", myConnection);

        myCommand.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;

        SqlDataAdapter ad = new SqlDataAdapter(myCommand);

        DataSet ds = new DataSet();

        ad.Fill(ds);

        // Attach the relationship to the dataSet

        ds.Relations.Add(new DataRelation("CategoriesRelation", ds.Tables[0].Columns["CategoryID"],

        ds.Tables[1].Columns["CategoryID"]));

        GridView1.DataSource = ds.Tables[0];

        GridView1.DataBind();

    }

Now write the following code on the OnRowDataBound event of the GridView.

protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)

    {

        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)

        {

            DataRowView drv = e.Row.DataItem as DataRowView;

            GridView GridView2 = e.Row.FindControl("GridView2") as GridView;

           GridView2.DataSource = drv.CreateChildView("CategoriesRelation");

            GridView2.DataBind();

        }

    }

}

  

In Codebehind write the following code like this. 

Codebehind

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Web;

using System.Web.UI;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

using System.Data;

using System.Data.SqlClient;

 

public partial class categorySubcategory : System.Web.UI.Page

{

    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)

    {

        BindData();

    }

    private void BindData()

    {

        SqlConnection myConnection = new SqlConnection("Data Source=.; uid=sa; pwd=wintellect;database=registration;");

        SqlCommand myCommand = new SqlCommand("usp_GetProductsForCategories", myConnection);

        myCommand.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;

        SqlDataAdapter ad = new SqlDataAdapter(myCommand);

        DataSet ds = new DataSet();

        ad.Fill(ds);

        // Attach the relationship to the dataSet

        ds.Relations.Add(new DataRelation("CategoriesRelation", ds.Tables[0].Columns["CategoryID"],

        ds.Tables[1].Columns["CategoryID"]));

        GridView1.DataSource = ds.Tables[0];

        GridView1.DataBind();

    }

 

    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)

    {

        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)

        {

            DataRowView drv = e.Row.DataItem as DataRowView;

            GridView GridView2 = e.Row.FindControl("GridView2") as GridView;

            GridView2.DataSource = drv.CreateChildView("CategoriesRelation");

            GridView2.DataBind();

        }

    }

}

Now run the application and test it.

img7.gif

The above output displays subcategory according to the category.

Some Helpful Resources

Article Extensions
Contents added by alaa on Aug 03, 2012
how  can  delete from subCategory  using  main Category which is selected  in drop down list in the  same lesson 
Rohatash Kumar

Normal 0 false false false EN-AU X-NONE X-NONE I am a Microsoft .NET software Developer and author and C# Corner MVP. I hold Masters degree i... Read more

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