Installing Raspbian Jessie On Your Raspberry Pi

In my previous article, we learned about the basic idea of IoT devices (Raspberry Pi) and how to install Windows 10 IoT Core on Raspberry Pi 2.

  1. Introduction To IoT And Supported Devices
  2. Prepare Your Raspberry PI for Your Great Ideas.

In this article, I will introduce the installation process of Raspbian Jessie (the Debian flavor of Linux, officially supported by Raspberry Pi). Jessie is the official operating system for Raspberry Pi. As compared to Windows 10 IoT, Raspbian Jessie is a full desktop operating system where you can perform lots of tasks just like any PC. A lot of tools are available out of the box, like LibreOffice Suite, Java development environment etc., and you can browse the internet, configure your mails, play games etc. in this operating system. Along with these common uses, you can use this OS in your home automation projects as well.

Prerequisites

  1. Raspberry Pi 2 or latest.
  2. Mobile charger (Micro USB charger) to power up your Raspberry Pi
  3. 4GB micro-SD card (at least) but I recommend to use 8GB Class -10
  4. Monitor or display screen (optional) to connect Raspberry Pi.
  5. Card reader to transfer OS image to micro-SD card.
  6. Laptop or Desktop to transfer OS image in micro-SD card.
  7. Image file of Raspbian Jessie OS, which is optional if we choose NOOBS method.
  8. Image writing software.
  9. Supported Wi-Fi dongle or a LAN cable to connect your Raspberry Pi to the network.

Installing Raspbian Jessie

There are multiple ways to install the Raspbian Jessie on your Raspberry Pi.

  1. Download and install the Raspbian Jessie image. or

  2. We can use NOOBS to install Raspbian Jessie.

Installing Raspbian Jessie by downloading the image

  1. Insert the micro-SD card into card reader and connect it with your PC.

  2. Format your SD card with FAT file system. To format your SD card, you can use a very good tool from SD Association's Formatting Tool.

  3. Download Raspbian Jessie image from the official site. We have two options on the landing page - Raspbian Jessie and Raspbian Jessie Lite. For this article and further articles, we will be using Raspbian Jessie’s full image but you can use any of the both. Extract the zip file.

  4. For next step, we need a software to write the operating system image into SD card. For this purpose, you can use Win32DiskManager tool.

    Win32DiskManager tool

  5. Select your SD card from available device options.

  6. Select the location of the Raspbian Jessie’s image file wherever you have downloaded it in your PC.

  7. Click Write button in Win32 Disk Imager.

  8. After sometime, your memory card will be ready. On completion, remove your SD card and insert into the Raspberry Pi’s memory card slot. (You can find this slot on the back side of the Raspberry Pi).

  9. Power On your Raspberry Pi. The first boot will take some time (5 mins approx.).

  10. After the booting, you will get the following screen.

    Raspberry

Installing Raspbian Jessie using NOOBS

NOOBS is a simple tool for beginners. You just need a NOOBS software in your SD card and rest of the things will be done by NOOBS itself. You can get this software by purchasing pre-installed SD cards or you can download it from here. There are two modes of this software NOOBS and NOOBS Lite.

NOOBS is an easy operating system installer which contains Raspbian. It also provides a selection of alternative operating systems which are then downloaded from the internet and installed.

NOOBS Lite contains the same operating system installer without Raspbian pre-loaded. It provides the same operating system selection menu allowing Raspbian and other images to be downloaded and installed.

To start installation, follow these steps.

  1. Format your SD card with FAT. To format your SD card, you can use a very good tool from SD Association's Formatting Tool.

  2. Download NOOBS from here.

  3. Extract the downloaded zip file on the root of the SD card.

  4. Put the SD card in Raspberry Pi and boot up the device.

  5. On first boot, you will see the list of available operating systems to start installation.

    installation

  6. From this list, select Raspbian and click install.

  7. After selecting the operating system, NOOBS will warn that it will overwrite all data on SD card. Do you want to continue? Click Yes.

    overwrite

  8. After some time, your memory card will be ready. On completion, remove your SD card and insert into Raspberry Pi’s memory card slot. (You can find this slot on the back side of the Raspberry Pi).

  9. Power On your Raspberry Pi. The first boot will take some time (5 mins approx.).

  10. After booting, you will get the following screen.

    Raspberry

    That's it. You have successfully installed the Raspbian Operating System.