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Populate a dropdownlist control using Javascript in ASP.NET

Posted by Vishal Gilbile Articles | ASP.NET Programming August 01, 2011
Here you will see how to Populate a dropdownlist control using Javascript in ASP.NET and checking whether javascript support is enabled or not.
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In this article we are going to learn how to populate a drop down list using JavaScript in asp.net. JavaScript is a client side scripting language which offers an advantage of reducing the load on the server side. Reducing the load term means that some part such as checking whether all the mandatory details are being filled or not in an registration form, or any other type of validation. If we try to perform all the validation on the server side naturally the server is going to take time for processing the details and finally it will give a response to client so this is not an efficient way to do the validation because in multi user environment many user are connecting to your web site and to perform validation on the server side is not the efficient way. So in this type of scenario we can always make a use of JavaScript technology which offers validation at the client side itself.

Code written in javascript are validate and executed at the client side only. The server is not known about the values which are generated at the client side.

Moving to our designing part.

populate a drop down list using JavaScript

Following is the source code for design of our Default.aspx page.

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="Default.aspx.vb" Inherits="_Default" %>

 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

 

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

<head runat="server">

    <title>Untitled Page</title>

    <script type="text/javascript">

        var month = new Array(11);

        month[0] = "Jan";

        month[1] = "Feb";

        month[2] = "Mar";

        month[3] = "Apr";

        month[4] = "May";

        month[5] = "Jun";

        month[6] = "Jul";

        month[7] = "Aug";

        month[8] = "Sep";

        month[9] = "Oct";

        month[10] = "Nov";

        month[11] = "Dec";

        var date = new Date();

        function getYear()

        {      

            var opt = new Option("Select Year", "Select Year");

            document.forms[0]["ddYear"].options.add(opt);

            var currentyear = date.getYear();

            for (var i = 1977; i < currentyear - 3; i++)

            {

                var item = new Option(i, i);

                document.forms[0]["ddYear"].options.add(item);

            }

        }

        function getMonth() {

            var opt = new Option("Select Month", "Select Month");

            document.forms[0]["ddMonth"].options.add(opt);

            for (var i = 0; i <= 11; i++) {

                var item = new Option(month[i], month[i]);

                document.forms[0]["ddMonth"].options.add(item);

            }

        }

        function getDays() {

            //to clear all the items from ddDay drop down list simply set the length property to 0.

            document.forms[0]["ddDay"].length = 0;

            if (document.forms[0]["ddYear"].selectedIndex > 0 && document.forms[0]["ddMonth"].selectedIndex > 0) {

                var yy = document.forms[0]["ddYear"].value;

                var mm = document.forms[0]["ddMonth"].selectedIndex;

               // alert(yy + "\n" + mm);

                switch (mm) {

                    case 1:

                    case 3:

                    case 5:

                    case 7:

                    case 8:

                    case 10:

                    case 12:

                        for (var i = 1; i <= 31; i++) {

                            var item = new Option(i, i);

                            document.forms[0]["ddDay"].options.add(item);

                        }

                        break;

                    case 4:

                    case 6:

                    case 9:

                    case 11:

                        for (var i = 1; i <= 30; i++) {

                            var item = new Option(i, i);

                            document.forms[0]["ddDay"].options.add(item);

                        }

                        break;

                    case 2:

                    //to calculate if the year is a leap year or not.

                        if ((yy % 400 == 0) || (yy % 100 != 0 && yy % 4 == 0)) {

                            for (var i = 1; i <= 29; i++) {

                                var item = new Option(i, i);

                                document.forms[0]["ddDay"].options.add(item);

                            }

                        }

                        else {

                            for (var i = 1; i <= 28; i++) {

                                var item = new Option(i, i);

                                document.forms[0]["ddDay"].options.add(item);

                            }

                        }

                }

            }

        }

    </script>

    <noscript>

    <%--Redirecting Browser to a page if JavaScript support is not there

    If you have developed a page which depends on JavaScript for form

    validation or for any other purposes then you would be interested

    in detecting the setting of the client browser and would like to redirect

    to a different page explaining how to enable or disable JavaScript. Here we

    will discuss how to check this setting and redirect to a different page accordingly.

    We can detect this by using noscript tag and if the JavaScript is disabled then the

    code within this noscript tag will be executed. Here is the code to do that. This code will

    detect if the script setting is disabled and will redirect to a page explaining how to enable

    or disable JavaScript with meta refresh in 2 seconds.

--%>

    <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="2; URL=enable_javascript.aspx">

    </noscript>

</head>

<body onload="getYear();getMonth()">

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

    <div>

                Select Date : Year :

                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddYear" runat="server">

                </asp:DropDownList>

                &nbsp; Month :

                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddMonth" runat="server" onChange="getDays()">

                </asp:DropDownList>

                &nbsp;Date :

                <asp:DropDownList ID="ddDay" runat="server">

                </asp:DropDownList>

    </div>

    </form>

</body>

</html>

Design of enable_javascript.aspx.aspx page.

NOTE :- we are just simply detecting whether javascript is enabled or not. If not then it will be redirected to enable_javascript.aspx. following is the design code for the same.

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="enable_javascript.aspx.vb" Inherits="enable_javascript" %>

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

 

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

<head runat="server">

    <title></title>

    <style type="text/css">

 

#body_content h2 {margin-top: 15px;    margin-bottom: 1px;    color: #000000;    FONT-SIZE: 9pt;font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;font-weight: bold;}

    </style>

</head>

<body>

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

    <div>

    <center>

<table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" border="0" width="550">

<tr><td width="100%" valign="top" class="PPDesTxt"><b>Are you using a browser that doesn't support JavaScript?</b></td></tr>

 

<tr><td width="100%" valign="top" class="PPDesTxt">If your browser does not support JavaScript, you can upgrade to a newer browser, such as <a href="http://www.microsoft.com/windows/ie/downloads/ie6/default.asp">Microsoft&reg; Internet Explorer 6</a> or <a href="http://wp.netscape.com/computing/download/bdp/index.html">Netscape 6</a>.</td></tr>

 

<tr><td width="100%" valign="top" class="PPDesTxt"><b>Have you disabled JavaScript?</b></td></tr>

 

<tr><td width="100%" valign="top" class="PPDesTxt">If you have disabled JavaScript, you must re-enable JavaScript to use this page. To enable JavaScript:<br />

    <h2>

        Internet Explorer 6</h2>

    <ol>

        <li>On the <b>Tools</b> menu, click <b>Internet Options</b>. </li>

        <li>Click the <b>Security</b> tab. </li>

        <li>Click <b>Custom Level</b>. </li>

        <li>Scroll to <b>Scripting</b>. Under <b>Active scripting</b>, click <b>Enable</b>.

        </li>

        <li>Click <b>OK</b> twice. </li>

    </ol>

    <h2>

        Netscape 6</h2>

    <ol>

        <li>On the <b>Edit</b> menu, click <b>Preferences</b>. </li>

        <li>Click <b>Advanced</b>. </li>

        <li>Select the <b>Enable JavaScript for Navigator</b> check box. </li>

        <li>Click <b>OK</b>. </li>

    </ol>

    <h2>

        FireFox</h2>

    <ol>

        <li>Click <b>Tools</b> </li>

        <li>Click <b>Options</b>. </li>

        <li>Click <b>Content</b> </li>

        <li>Keep the Checkbox checked of <b>Enable JavaScirpt</b>. </li>

        <li>Click <b>OK</b> </li>

    </ol>

    <br />

<SCRIPT type=text/javascript

src="https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js"></SCRIPT>

<!-- Place this tag where you want the +1 button to render --></td></tr>

</table>

<table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" border="0" width="100%">

 

<tr><td width="100%" colspan="2"><img src="/images/T.gif" width="1" height="25" border="0"></td></tr>

</table></td>

</tr><tr><td>

 

    </div>

    </form>

</body>
</
html>

Now just run you web application you'll find the year and the month which ever you select you'll get the no of days in it.


populate a drop down list using JavaScript

Now try to disable javascript on your browser and again run the application you'll find you'll be redirected to enable_javascript.aspx.

populate a drop down list using JavaScript

Hope you have enjoyed the article.

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