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Create Alerts in SharePoint 2010 Using Powershell

By Vijai Anand Ramalingam on May 30, 2011
In this article we will be seeing how to create an alert for a particular user subscribed for a document library using powershell.


Introduction:

SharePoint 2010 provides the capability to subscribe to content through a feature called "Alerts". Alerts can be subscribed to at one of the four levels list, document library, list item and document. This also enables you to be notified by e-mail of any changes made to the content of your SharePoint Web site. In this article we will be seeing how to create an alert for a particular user subscribed for a document library using powershell.

For configuring alerts in SharePoint 2010 when using out-of-the-box refer to my previous article http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/UploadFile/anavijai/7593/  (Copy and paste the hyperlink).

SPAlert Class:

This class is used to represent an alert, which generates periodic e-mail or Short Message Service (SMS) notifications sent to a user about the list, list item, document, or document library to which the alert applies. Using this class we will be creating a new alert for a document library.

Steps involved:

  • Go to Start => All Programs => Microsoft SharePoint 2010 products => SharePoint 2010 Management Shell.
  • Run as an administrator.
  • Run the following script.

    $site = Get-SPSite "http://serverName:22222/sites/TestSite/"
    $web=$site.Rootweb
    $list=$web.Lists.TryGetList("Shared Documents")
    $user = $web.EnsureUser('domainName\userName')
    $newAlert = $user.Alerts.Add()
    $newAlert.Title = "My Custom Alert"
    $newAlert.AlertType=[Microsoft.SharePoint.SPAlertType]::List
    $newAlert.List = $list
    $newAlert.DeliveryChannels = [Microsoft.SharePoint.SPAlertDeliveryChannels]::Email
    $newAlert.EventType = [Microsoft.SharePoint.SPEventType]::Add
    $newAlert.AlertFrequency = [Microsoft.SharePoint.SPAlertFrequency]::Immediate
    $newAlert.Update()

     
  • Go to Site Actions => Site Settings =>Site Administration => User Alerts.

    SharePower1.gif
     
  • Select the user from the drop down to show all the alerts created by that user and click on "Update".

    SharePower2.gif
     
  • A new alert is created successfully using SharePoint object model.
  • An alternative method to check the newly created alert is to go to the Shared Documents (I have mentioned to create an alert for Shared Documents in my code) => in the ribbon interface, select Library Tools => Library => Alert Me.

    SharePower3.gif
     
  • Click on "Manage my alerts".
  • You should be able to see the alert created as shown in the following.

    SharePower4.gif
     

Vijai Anand Ramalingam
Vijai Anand Ramalingam

Vijai Anand has been working in IT industry for over 6 years. He holds Bachelor's degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering. Vijai write articles and blogs related to SharePoint 2013, SharePoint 2010, Silv... Read more

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