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Line Chart in WPF

Posted by Mahesh Chand Articles | WPF November 26, 2009
This article demonstrates how to draw line charts using WPF and C#.
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Line Chart in WPF

The WPF Toolkit released in June 2009 comes with a data visualization assembly called "System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.Toolkit.dll" that hosts the charting functionality in WPF. This article demonstrates how to draw line charts using the WPF Toolkit.

Note: This article is written using the WPF Toolkit June 2009 that you can download from here: WPF Toolkit - Release: WPF Toolkit June 2009. This toolkit may be a part of WPF in near future versions.

Adding WPF Toolkit Reference

Before you can use any charting related functionality in a WPF application, you must download the WPF Toolkit. After that you need to add a reference to an assembly.

To add a reference, right-click the References folder of your project in Solution Explorer and select "Add Reference". This action will open the Add Reference dialog as you can see in the following Figure 1. On this dialog, select "Browse" and browse to the "System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.Toolkit.dll" assembly from the folder where you installed the WPF Toolkit. This assembly resides in the Binaries folder.

Tip: If you do not want to download the WPF Toolkit then you can download the attached project and copy the "WPFToolkit.dll" and "System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.Toolkit.dll" assemblies from this project to the bin folder of your project and add the reference.

ChartImg1.gif

Figure 1

After having added the reference, you will see the "System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.Toolkit" added to your References dialog as you see in Figure 2.

ChartImg2.gif

Figure 2

Now, the next step is to import the "System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.toolkit" and the "System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.Charting" namespaces to the page. When you type "xmlns=" into your page, you will see these namespaces in the Intellisense. Select and add both of them to your page as you can see in Figure 3.

ChartImg3.gif

Figure 3

The final reference added to the page looks like the following. As you can see here, I added the name of this reference to ToolkitRef.

xmlns:DV="clr-namespace:System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization;assembly=System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.Toolkit"

xmlns:DVC="clr-namespace:System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.Charting;assembly=System.Windows.Controls.DataVisualization.Toolkit"

Now you will see DVC in your page and once you select it, you will notice all Charting related elements added to the Intellisense. To add a Chart control to your page, just select the Chart control from the list. The list of charting related elements looks as in Figure 4.

ChartImg4.gif

Figure 4

Creating a Chart

The Chart element represents a WPF Chart control in XAML.

< DVC:Chart></DVC:Chart>

The code snippet in Listing 1 creates a Chart and sets its width, height, and background properties of the Chart control. The Title and LegendTitle properties represent the title of the chart and the title of the legend.

<DVC:Chart Name="mcChart"
          
 Width="400" Height="250"
          
 Background="YellowGreen"
          
 Foreground="DarkBlue"
          
 Title="Area Chart"
          
 LegendTitle="Month Rating" />

Listing 1

The output of Listing 1 looks as in Figure 5.

ChartImg5.gif

Figure 5

Chart Types

The Series attribute of the Chart element is used to create a chart type. If you see in Figure 6, you will notice BarSeries, ColumnSeries, LineSeries, PieSeries, AreaSeries and ScatterSeries attributes and based on the attribute, the chart will be created.

ChartImg6.gif

Figure 6

Line Chart

The code snippet in Listing 2 creates a line chart by setting Chart.Series to LineSeries. As you may see, the binding occurrs on Key and Value fields of a data source.

<DVC:Chart Canvas.Top="80" Canvas.Left="10" Name="mcChart"
          
 Width="400" Height="250"
          
 Background="LightSteelBlue">
    
<DVC:Chart.Series>
     
<DVC:LineSeries Title=" Monthly Count"
   
         IndependentValueBinding="{Binding Path=Key}"
   
         DependentValueBinding="{Binding Path=Value}">
    </
DVC:LineSeries>
    
</DVC:Chart.Series>           
</
DVC:Chart>           

Listing 2

The code snippet in Listing 3 creates a collection in KeyValuePair form and sets the ItemsSource property of the chart series. The same data can be used for other chart types.

private void LoadLineChartData()
{
    ((
LineSeries)mcChart.Series[0]).ItemsSource =
        
new KeyValuePair<DateTimeint>[]{
            
new KeyValuePair<DateTimeint>(DateTime.Now, 100),
            
new KeyValuePair<DateTimeint>(DateTime.Now.AddMonths(1), 130),
            
new KeyValuePair<DateTimeint>(DateTime.Now.AddMonths(2), 150),
            
new KeyValuePair<DateTimeint>(DateTime.Now.AddMonths(3), 125),
            
new KeyValuePair<DateTimeint>(DateTime.Now.AddMonths(4),155) };
}

Listing 3

The output looks as in Figure 7.

ChartImg7.gif

Figure 7

Summary

This tutorial discusses how to use WPF Toolkit to create a line chart in WPF using C#.

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