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Using the ToggleButton control in Silverlight

Posted by Mamta M Articles | Silverlight with C# January 21, 2009
In this article, you will learn how to work with the ToggleButton control of Silverlight 2.
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Introduction

The ToggleButton control in Silverlight allows the user to change it state. This control is the base class for RadioButton and CheckBox controls. At the same time, this control can be used independently.

The ToggleButton class is defined in the System.Windows.Controls.Primitives namespace.

The control has a property, IsThreeState, which specifies whether the ToggleButton has two or three states. The two states are checked and unchecked, and the third is the indeterminate state.

The IsChecked property specifies the state of the ToggleButton control. You can specify the text for the control by using its Content property.

Let us now see how to use this control. Create a new Silverlight project named ToggleDemo.



Figure 1

Next, in the Design view of Page.xaml, add a Canvas between the <Grid></Grid> tags. Drag and drop a TextBlock and a ToggleButton from the ToolBox. Configure the properties of these controls and also add event handlers as shown below:

Page.xaml

<UserControl x:Class="ToggleDemo.Page"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    Width="400" Height="300">
    <Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White">
        <Canvas x:Name="cnvLayoutRoot" Background="White">
            <TextBlock x:Name="tblVote" Text="Please cast your Vote:" Canvas.Top="5" Canvas.Left="20"></TextBlock>
           
<ToggleButton x:Name="tbtnVote" Checked="tbtnVote_VoteChanged" Unchecked="tbtnVote_VoteChanged" Indeterminate="tbtnVote_VoteChanged" IsThreeState="True" Canvas.Top="65" Canvas.Left="20" Content="For / Against"></ToggleButton>
        </Canvas>
    </Grid>
</
UserControl>

In the code behind, Page.xaml.cs, add the following code:

Page.xaml.cs

public partial class Page : UserControl
    {
        public Page()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            this.tbtnVote.IsChecked = null;
            this.Voting();
        }

        private void tbtnVote_VoteChanged(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            this.Voting();
        }

        private void Voting()
        {
            switch (this.tbtnVote.IsChecked)
            {
                case null:
                    this.tblVote.Text = "Neutral Vote";
                    break;
                case true:
                    this.tblVote.Text = "You have voted in favor of the bill";
                    break;
                case false:
                    this.tblVote.Text = "You have voted against the bill";
                    break;
            }
        }
    }


In the Voting method, code is written to find out whether the button was in checked state, unchecked state or indeterminate state. Depending upon the result, an appropriate message is displayed in the TextBlock.

When you run the application, by selecting Debug-Start without Debugging in Visual Studio IDE, you will see the following output as shown in Figure 2, 3 and 4 respectively:



Figure 2 : Initial State



Figure 3: Checked State



Figure 4: Unchecked State

Conclusion: Thus, in this article, you learnt how to work with the ToggleButton control of Silverlight 2.

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