Dig Out on Named vs Optional Arguments Clear Implementation in C# 4.0


Named and Optional Arguments

Today, Let's see the one of the main feature of C# 4.0 i.e. Named and Optional arguments. Firstly, we will do theory based session to understand this and later we will try to implement these concepts.  This concept is very useful and we can code in much organized way using these two arguments.

Named Arguments:
 
The Named Arguments allows us to code in such a manner where we can specify our arguments of particular calling function as per our requirement, This provides a greater flexibility for us to access and organize the code to prioritize and keep the parameters in any fashion rather than a simple static way as per method structure.
 
Optional Arguments:
 
The Optional Arguments allows us to code in such a manner where we can specify some default values to the parameters of particular method. It provides a greater flexibility for us to access and organize the code when the method is invoked, it's optionally chooses some default values if the user does the specify values for other parameters. It will only choose the values optionally for such parameters where it has been already initialized in the method. So, this argument helps in better way to pass on some default values for particular method where ever it is been invoked.
 
Now, firstly we will see clear Implementation of how to perform Named Arguments Operation:

Code Toolbox Requirement:

  • 3 TextBoxes, 3 Buttons and 3 Labels.

The Named Argument Method is declared with some parameters:

    protected void NamedArguments(string Name, string Position, int Age)
    {

    }

In the case 1:

We are Passing the Parameters as per declared similar in the method with Name, Position and Age. Where the code for this looks like this:

NamedArguments(Name: TextBox1.Text, Position: TextBox2.Text, Age: Convert.ToInt32(TextBox3.Text));
Label1.Text = "<strong>Name: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox1.Text;
Label1.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
Label2.Text = "<strong>Position: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox2.Text;
Label2.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
Label3.Text = "<strong>Age: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox3.Text;
Label3.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;

 
In the case 2:

We are Passing the Parameters as per declared similar in the method with Position, Name and Age. Where the code for this looks like this:

NamedArguments(Position: TextBox1.Text, Name: TextBox2.Text, Age: Convert.ToInt32(TextBox3.Text)); Label1.Text = "<strong>Position: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox1.Text;
Label1.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
Label2.Text = "<strong>Name: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox2.Text;
Label2.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
Label3.Text = "<strong>Age: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox3.Text;
Label3.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;

In the case 3:

We are Passing the Parameters as per declared similar in the method with Age, Name and Position. Where the code for this looks like this:

NamedArguments(Age: Convert.ToInt32(TextBox1.Text), Name: TextBox2.Text, Position: TextBox3.Text);
Label1.Text = "<strong>Age: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox1.Text;
Label1.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
Label2.Text = "<strong>Name: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox2.Text;
Label2.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
Label3.Text = "<strong>Position: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox3.Text;
Label3.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;

Now, we are done with Named Arguments as we have passed the parameters as per our requirements regardless of position based in normal static way. Now, it's time for use to go and implement Optional Arguments.

The code logic for optional arguments looks like this where we specify some default values and if the user does not pass any values the default values will be invoked automatically.

protected int OptionalArguments(int x, int y = 10, int z = 5)
{
    return x + y + z;

}

Only specified value for X parameters like this:
          
Response.Write("<b><center>The Sum of the three Numbers are <h1>" + OptionalArguments(x: 25) + "</h1></b></center>");

The values specified for three parameters looks like this:
          
Response.Write("<b><center>The Sum of the three Numbers are <h1>" + OptionalArguments(x: 25, y:22, z: 10) + "</h1></b></center>");

So, the Complete Code of WebForm1.aspx looks like this:

 
<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="WebForm1.aspx.cs" Inherits="Named_and_Optional_Arguments.WebForm1" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
<title></title>
</
head>
<
body>
<
form id="form1" runat="server">
<div><center>
Please Enter Values Here:&nbsp; <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
<br />
<br />
Please Enter Values Here:&nbsp; <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox2" runat="server"></asp:TextBox><br
/>
<br />
Please Enter Values Here:&nbsp; <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox3" runat="server"></asp:TextBox
>
</center>
<
center>
<
asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Text="Case 1 " onclick="Button1_Click" /><br />
<br />
<asp:Button ID="Button2" runat="server" Text="Case 2 " onclick="Button2_Click"/><br /><br />

<asp:Button ID="Button3" runat="server" Text="Case 3 " onclick="Button3_Click"/><br /><br />

</center>

<center>
<
asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server"></asp:Label><br />
<br />

<asp:Label ID="Label2" runat="server"></asp:Label><br />
<br />
<asp:Label ID="Label3" runat="server"></asp:Label><br />
<br />

</center>
</
div>
</
form>
</
body>
</
html>

The Complete Code of WebForm1.aspx.cs looks like this:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

namespace Named_and_Optional_Arguments
{
    public partial class WebForm1 : System.Web.UI.Page
    {
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Response.Write("<b><center>The Sum of the three Numbers with X specified value only <h1>" + OptionalArguments(x: 25) + "</h1></b></center>");
            Response.Write("<b><center>The Sum of the three Numbers are <h1>" + OptionalArguments(x: 25, y: 22, z: 10) + "</h1></b></center>");
        }
        protected void NamedArguments(string Name, string Position, int Age)
        {

        }
        protected int OptionalArguments(int x, int y = 10, int z = 5)
        {
            return x + y + z;

        }

        protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            NamedArguments(Name: TextBox1.Text, Position: TextBox2.Text, Age: Convert.ToInt32(TextBox3.Text));
            Label1.Text = "<strong>Name: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox1.Text;
            Label1.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
            Label2.Text = "<strong>Position: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox2.Text;
            Label2.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
            Label3.Text = "<strong>Age: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox3.Text;
            Label3.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
        }

        protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            NamedArguments(Position: TextBox1.Text, Name: TextBox2.Text, Age: Convert.ToInt32(TextBox3.Text));
            Label1.Text = "<strong>Position: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox1.Text;
            Label1.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
            Label2.Text = "<strong>Name: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox2.Text;
            Label2.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
            Label3.Text = "<strong>Age: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox3.Text;
            Label3.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;

        }

        protected void Button3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            NamedArguments(Age: Convert.ToInt32(TextBox1.Text), Name: TextBox2.Text, Position: TextBox3.Text);
            Label1.Text = "<strong>Age: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox1.Text;
            Label1.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
            Label2.Text = "<strong>Name: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox2.Text;
            Label2.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;
            Label3.Text = "<strong>Position: </strong>&nbsp" + TextBox3.Text;
            Label3.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Brown;

        }
    }
}



The Output of this application looks like this:

Named Vs Optinal Output Case 1.png


For Case 1 :

Named Vs Optinal Output Case 2.png


For Case 2:

Named Vs Optinal Output Case 3.png
For Case 3:

Named Vs Optinal Output.png
I hope this article is useful for you.



MVC Corporation
MVC Corporation is consulting and IT services based company.