Borderless and Draggable Window in WPF

  • Neha
  • Updated date Jun 21, 2013


Introduction

This article shows how to change a window's appearance by creating a borderless and draggable window in WPF using C# and XAML.The primary purpose of the windows is to host content that displays information and enables the user to interact with information.

Here I use a handler called a MouseDown event for calling a DragMove method to make a window drag-gable.

private void rectangle2_MouseDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)

{

    this.DragMove();

 }

Step 1

To create a WPF application, use the following procedure:

  • Open the Visual Studio.
  • Select the C# language and "WPF" Application.
  • Name the project as "Borderless and draggable window".
  • Click on the "OK" button .
b6.jpg

Step 2

To get a borderless window , you need to set the following attributes:

  • WindowStyle = "None"; that makes the window borderless.

  • AllowTransparency ="False".

b2.jpg

Step 3

Now we start designing the window.

  • Go to "view" -> "Toolbox".

  • Drag and Drop the 2 rectangles onto the window named "rectangle1" and "rectangle2" .

  • Now go to the MainWindow.xaml and write the following code between the rectangle1 tag.

    <Rectangle Height="323" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Name="rectangle1" Stroke="Black" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="510" RadiusX="9" RadiusY="9" MouseDown="rectangle1_MouseDown">

            <Rectangle.OpacityMask>

                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="1,0.5" StartPoint="0,0.5">

                    <GradientStop Color="Black" Offset="0" />

                    <GradientStop Color="#CDFFFF00" Offset="1" />

                </LinearGradientBrush>

            </Rectangle.OpacityMask>

            <Rectangle.Fill>

                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="1,0.5" StartPoint="0,0.5">

                    <GradientStop Color="Black" Offset="0" />

                    <GradientStop Color="#FFD8D8B0" Offset="0.008" />

                </LinearGradientBrush>

            </Rectangle.Fill>

        </Rectangle>

  • Similarly write the following code between the rectangle2 tag.

<Rectangle Height="35" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Name="rectangle2" Stroke="Black" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="503" Fill="#FFCEAB37" MouseDown="rectangle2_MouseDown" RadiusX="9" RadiusY="9"></Rectangle>

  • Then Drag and Drop some other control onto the window, such as calendar, label and 3 buttons. Here is the final source code of the MainWindow.xaml:

<Window x:Class="Dragable_window_in_wpf.MainWindow"

        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"

        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"

        Title="MainWindow" Height="361" Width="526" WindowStyle="None" AllowsTransparency="False" Loaded="Window_Loaded" IsHitTestVisible="True" ResizeMode="NoResize" >

    <Window.Background>

        <SolidColorBrush />

    </Window.Background>

    <Grid Background="Red" Width="508" Height="319">

        <Rectangle Height="323" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Name="rectangle1" Stroke="Black" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="510" RadiusX="9" RadiusY="9" MouseDown="rectangle1_MouseDown">

            <Rectangle.OpacityMask>

                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="1,0.5" StartPoint="0,0.5">

                    <GradientStop Color="Black" Offset="0" />

                    <GradientStop Color="#CDFFFF00" Offset="1" />

                </LinearGradientBrush>

            </Rectangle.OpacityMask>

            <Rectangle.Fill>

                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="1,0.5" StartPoint="0,0.5">

                    <GradientStop Color="Black" Offset="0" />

                    <GradientStop Color="#FFD8D8B0" Offset="0.008" />

                </LinearGradientBrush>

            </Rectangle.Fill>

        </Rectangle>

        <Rectangle Height="35" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Name="rectangle2" Stroke="Black" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="503" Fill="#FFCEAB37" MouseDown="rectangle2_MouseDown" RadiusX="9" RadiusY="9"></Rectangle>

        <Calendar Height="170" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="48,105,0,0" Name="calendar1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="180" />

        <Label Content="Border less and draggable window" Height="28" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="48,50,0,0" Name="label1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="199" />

        <Button Content="*" Height="35" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="454,0,0,0" Name="button1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="49" Click="button1_Click" />

        <Button Content="[[]]" Height="35" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="395,0,0,0" Name="button2" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="61" Click="button2_Click"  />

        <Button Content="-" Height="35" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="337,0,0,0" Name="button3" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="62" Click="button3_Click" />

        <Label Content="Borderless Window" Height="35" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Name="label2" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="116" />

      

    </Grid>
</Window>

After writing the code the window looks as:

b4.jpg

 

 Step 4

  • Go to the MainWindows.xaml.cs and write the code given below:

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Text;

using System.Windows;

using System.Windows.Controls;

using System.Windows.Data;

using System.Windows.Documents;

using System.Windows.Input;

using System.Windows.Media;

using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;

using System.Windows.Navigation;

using System.Windows.Shapes;

 

namespace Dragable_window_in_wpf

{

    /// <summary>

    /// Interaction logic for MainWindow.xaml

    /// </summary>

    public partial class MainWindow : Window

    {

        public MainWindow()

        {

            InitializeComponent();

            SizeToContent = System.Windows.SizeToContent.Manual;

        }

 

        private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

 

        }

 

       

        private void rectangle2_MouseDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)

        {

            this.DragMove();

        }

        private void rectangle1_MouseDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)

        {

            this.DragMove();

        }

         

        private void button1_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

            this.Close();

        }

 

        private void button3_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

            this.WindowState = WindowState.Minimized;

 

        }

 

        private void button2_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

            this.WindowState = WindowState.Maximized;

        }

 

           }

               }

 

 Output


Now press F5:

f5.jpg



When we click on  the "minimize  [-] " icon it minimizes the window. Similarly when click on the "cross [*]" icon it shuts down the window and if we click on the "maximize [[]]  icon it maximizes the window so that it looks as:

 b1.maxium.jpg