Data Caching in WPF Using C#

This articles describes the caching in WPF using C# language .

Introduction

This articles describes the caching in WPF using the C# language. Caching is the way to store data in memory for rapid access, hence it provides both scalability and performance.

Caching Types

The types of caching are:

  • Output caching
  • Input caching

There are various classes provided by the .NET Framework located in the System.Runtime.caching namespace that enables the user to use caching in .NET Framework applications.

The advantages of implementing a data cache are:

  • The cache object is thread safe.
  • Items in the cache are removed automatically from the memory.
  • Items in cache support all dependencies, for example a dependency based on a file or SQL database.

Step 1

First we create a WPF application using the following procedure:

  • Open Visual Studio.
  • Select "New project".
  • Select the C# language and "WPF Application".
  • Name the project "caching".
  • Click on the "OK" button.
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Step 2

 To change the .NET framework use the following procedure:

  • Go to the Solutions Explorer, right-click the project name "caching" and click "Properties".
  • After clicking on properties, a dialog box will open.
  • Click the application.
  • Go to the Target framework list.
  • Select the .NET Framework 4.

Step 3

To add a reference to the caching Assemblies:

  • Go to the References folder.
  • Click on "Add Reference".
  • Select the System.Runtime.Caching .
  • Then click "OK".

Step 4

  • Go to the "View" -> "Toolbox".
  • The  Toolbox opens in the left corner of the window.
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  • Then Drag and Drop a button onto the design view .
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Now the code for the MainWindow.xaml file:

<Window x:Class="caching.MainWindow"

        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"

        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"

        Title="MainWindow" Height="350" Width="525">

    <Grid>

        <Button Content="Button" Height="23" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="61,197,0,0" Name="button1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="75" Click="button1_Click" />

    </Grid>

</Window>

  Step 5

  • Create a text file named "cache file" and store it in the C drive.

Step 6

  • Double-click the button and write the following code in MainWindow.xmal.cs:

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Text;

using System.Windows;

using System.Windows.Controls;

using System.Windows.Data;

using System.Windows.Documents;

using System.Windows.Input;

using System.Windows.Media;

using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;

using System.Windows.Navigation;

using System.Windows.Shapes;

using System.Runtime.Caching;

using System.IO;

 

namespace caching

{

    /// <summary>

    /// Interaction logic for MainWindow.xaml

    /// </summary>

    public partial class MainWindow : Window

    {

        public MainWindow()

        {

            InitializeComponent();

        }

 

        private void button1_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

            ObjectCache c = MemoryCache.Default;

             string fileContents = c["filecontents"] as string;

 

            if (fileContents == null)

            {

                CacheItemPolicy p = new CacheItemPolicy();

                p.AbsoluteExpiration =

                    DateTimeOffset.Now.AddSeconds(20.0);

 

                List<string> filePaths = new List<string>();

                filePaths.Add("c:\\cache\\cache file.txt");

 

                p.ChangeMonitors.Add(new

                    HostFileChangeMonitor(filePaths));

 

                // Fetch the file contents.

                fileContents = File.ReadAllText("c:\\cache\\cache file.txt") + "\n" + DateTime.Now.ToString();

 

                c.Set("filecontents", fileContents, p);

 

            }

            MessageBox.Show(fileContents);

 

        }

    }

}

Output

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Now click on the Button

s3.jpg


After 20 seconds when we again click on the button a new time is displayed that shows a cache entry has expired and a new cached content is displayed.

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