Implementing AJAX for Editing Data and Updating the Database in ASP.NET MVC

Introduction: In this article, we will explore how to use AJAX to implement an edit functionality for student data in an ASP.NET MVC application. We'll demonstrate how to utilize jQuery AJAX to fetch the data from the server, populate an edit modal form, allow the user to make changes, and then update the database with the modified data. The provided code showcases a simple implementation that can serve as a foundation for more advanced data editing and updating tasks.


To follow along with this tutorial, you should have a basic understanding of ASP.NET MVC, C#, jQuery, and Entity Framework.

Overview of the Code

The code example consists of three main parts: the jQuery AJAX function in JavaScript, the ASP.NET MVC controller method, and the repository class responsible for database operations.

jQuery AJAX Function (Edit Function)

The editStudent(ID) function is responsible for making an AJAX request to the server to retrieve the student data for editing. It uses jQuery's $.ajax() method to send a GET request to the server, passing the student ID as a parameter.

function editStudent(ID) {
        url: '/Home/EditStudent/' + ID,
        type: 'get',
        success: function (response) {
        error: function (xhr, textStatus, error) {
            // Handle error response
    console.log("edit: " + ID);

ASP.NET MVC Controller Method

The HomeController class acts as the controller responsible for handling incoming requests. The EditStudent(int ID) action method is designed to receive the student ID sent by the AJAX function and fetch the student data from the repository.

public class HomeController : Controller
    OperationRepositery repo = null;

    public HomeController()
        repo = new OperationRepositery();

    public ActionResult EditStudent(int ID)
        var result = repo.EditFunction(ID);
        return View(result);

Repository Class (Edit Method)

The OperationRepositery class encapsulates the data access logic and implements the EditFunction(int ID) method to fetch the student data from the database using Entity Framework.

public class OperationRepositery
    public StudentModel EditFunction(int ID)
        using (var context = new StudentEntities())
            var resultEdit = context.StudentTable.Where(x => x.ID == ID).Select(x => new StudentModel()
                ID = x.ID,
                Student = x.Student,
                School = x.School,
                Marks = x.Mark,
                Rank = x.Rank,
                Course = x.Stream,
                Country = x.Country,
                State = x.State,
                City = x.City,
                LanguageIds = x.Languages

            return resultEdit;


In this article, we have learned how to use AJAX to implement the edit functionality for student data in an ASP.NET MVC application. The JavaScript AJAX function communicates with the server to fetch the data, and the ASP.NET MVC controller receives the request and retrieves the student data from the repository class. Developers can use this example as a starting point to implement more advanced features, such as validation, error handling, or additional data manipulation before updating the database. Remember to implement security measures and validate user input to protect the application from potential vulnerabilities. Happy coding!