Sending Messages with RabbitMQ in .NET Core


RabbitMQ is a widely used message broker that allows applications to communicate asynchronously by exchanging messages. In this article, we will explore how to send messages using RabbitMQ in a .NET Core application.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  1. .NET Core SDK: Install the .NET Core SDK from the official .NET website.
  2. RabbitMQ Server: You need access to a RabbitMQ server. You can install it locally or use a cloud-based RabbitMQ service like RabbitMQ Cloud or RabbitMQ on AWS.
  3. Visual Studio Code or Visual Studio (Optional): You can use any code editor, but Visual Studio Code or Visual Studio provides a comfortable development environment for .NET Core.

Step 1. Create a .NET Core Console Application

Let's start by creating a .NET Core Console Application using the following command.

dotnet new console -n RabbitMQSender

This command creates a new console application named "RabbitMQSender."

Step 2. Install the RabbitMQ.Client Library

To work with RabbitMQ in .NET Core, you need to install RabbitMQ.Client library. Open a terminal and navigate to your project directory, then run the following command.

dotnet add package RabbitMQ.Client

This command adds the RabbitMQ.Client NuGet package to your project.

Step 3. Write the Code

Now, let's write the code to send a message to RabbitMQ. Open the Program.cs file in your project and replace its contents with the following code.

using System;
using System.Text;
using RabbitMQ.Client;

class Program
    static void Main()
        // RabbitMQ server connection parameters
        var factory = new ConnectionFactory
            HostName = "localhost",    // Replace with your RabbitMQ server's hostname
            Port = 5672,               // Default RabbitMQ port
            UserName = "guest",        // RabbitMQ username
            Password = "guest"         // RabbitMQ password

        // Create a connection to the RabbitMQ server
        using var connection = factory.CreateConnection();

        // Create a channel
        using var channel = connection.CreateModel();

        // Declare a queue
        string queueName = "myQueue";  // Replace with your queue name
        channel.QueueDeclare(queue: queueName, durable: false, exclusive: false, autoDelete: false, arguments: null);

        // Message to send
        string message = "Hello, RabbitMQ!";
        byte[] body = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(message);

        // Publish the message to the queue
        channel.BasicPublish(exchange: "", routingKey: queueName, basicProperties: null, body: body);
        Console.WriteLine($"Sent: {message}");

This code establishes a connection to RabbitMQ, declares a queue, and sends a message to it.

Step 4. Run the Application

Save the changes and run your application using the following command.

dotnet run

You should see the message "Sent: Hello, RabbitMQ!" displayed in the console.


Congratulations! You have successfully sent a message to RabbitMQ using a .NET Core application. This is a basic example, and RabbitMQ offers many advanced features for message queuing and communication between applications. You can now build more complex messaging systems and integrate RabbitMQ into your .NET Core projects as needed.

Remember to configure your RabbitMQ server connection details, and you can also handle exceptions and add error handling to make your application more robust.

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