Unit Testing with Jasmine in Angular


Angular's emphasis on testability makes unit testing crucial for ensuring app reliability and maintainability. This article dives into unit testing Angular modules using Jasmine, covering its importance, tools, and practical examples with code snippets.

Importance of Unit Testing

Unit testing is a critical aspect of the development process, offering numerous benefits.

  • Early Bug Detection: Unit tests help identify bugs early in the development cycle, making it easier and more cost-effective to address issues.
  • Code Maintainability: A well-tested codebase is more maintainable. Unit tests act as living documentation, providing insights into the expected behavior of your modules.
  • Refactoring Confidence: Unit tests provide a safety net when refactoring or modifying code. Developers can make changes with confidence, knowing that tests will detect regressions.
  • Collaboration: Unit tests enhance collaboration among team members by providing a shared understanding of the code's behavior.

Setting Up Your Angular Project for Unit Testing with Jasmine

Before diving into unit testing Angular modules with Jasmine, it's essential to set up your project for testing. Angular uses tools like Jasmine for writing tests and Karma as a test runner. The Angular CLI provides a convenient way to generate a testing configuration.

a. Install the Angular CLI

npm install -g @angular/cli

b. Generate a new Angular project

ng new my-angular-app

c. Navigate to your project

cd my-angular-app

d. Generate a new component

ng generate component my-component

e . Run the tests

ng test

This sets up the testing environment, and you should see the default Jasmine test suite running in your terminal.

Writing Unit Tests for Angular Modules with Jasmine

Now, let's explore how to write unit tests specifically for Angular modules using Jasmine. Consider the following simple Angular module and component.

// my-module.module.ts

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';
import { MyComponent } from './my-component/my-component.component';


  declarations: [MyComponent],
  imports: [CommonModule],
  exports: [MyComponent],


export class MyModule {}

// my-component.component.ts
import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-my-component',
  template: '<p>This is my component</p>',

export class MyComponent {}

Now, let's create unit tests for the MyModule module and the MyComponent component.

Testing MyComponent Component with Jasmine

Create a file named my-component.component.spec.ts.

import { ComponentFixture, TestBed } from '@angular/core/testing';
import { MyComponent } from './my-component.component';

describe('MyComponent', () => {

  let component: MyComponent;
  let fixture: ComponentFixture<MyComponent>;

  beforeEach(() => {

      declarations: [MyComponent],

    fixture = TestBed.createComponent(MyComponent);
    component = fixture.componentInstance;


  it('should create', () => {

  it('should render a paragraph with the text "This is my component"', () => {
    const compiled = fixture.nativeElement;
    expect(compiled.querySelector('p').textContent).toContain('This is my component');


In this test suite

  • We use TestBed.configureTestingModule to configure the testing module.
  • TestBed.createComponent creates an instance of MyComponent for testing.
  • The first test (should create) checks if the component was created successfully.
  • The second test (should render a paragraph...) checks if the component's template renders the correct text.

Testing MyModule Module with Jasmine

Create a file named my-module.module.spec.ts.

import { TestBed } from '@angular/core/testing';
import { MyModule } from './my-module.module';

describe('MyModule', () => {

  beforeEach(() => {
      imports: [MyModule],


  it('should create', () => {
    const module = TestBed.inject(MyModule);


In this test suite

  • We use TestBed.configureTestingModule to configure the testing module, including the MyModule we want to test.
  • The test (should create) checks if the module was created successfully.

Running the Tests with Jasmine

Run the tests using the Angular CLI.

ng test

This command launches Karma, which runs the unit tests and provides a browser-based interface to view the results. You can see the status of each test and explore any failures.


Unit testing Angular modules with Jasmine is a fundamental practice for building reliable and maintainable applications. By setting up a testing environment using tools like Jasmine and Karma, and creating meaningful tests for your modules and components, you can ensure that your code behaves as expected, catch bugs early, and have confidence in the stability of your Angular applications.

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