Blog

How to Retrieve the File Size used by a SQL Server Database on Hard Disk

Posted by Nitesh Luharuka Blogs | SQL Dec 20, 2012
Today, in this post we will see how to retrieve the size of data files of all databases present in SQL Server and the actual amount used in these files.

We all work with databases and while working with databases, we all have most probably SQL Server one version or another. Today, in this post we will see how to retrieve the size of data files of all databases present in SQL Server and the actual amount used in these files. As you know, when you create a database, there are 2 files created on hard disk with extensions as below -

  • .mdf - This is the data file where all data is stored.
  • .ldf - This is the log file used by SQL Server.

SQL Server provides some DBCC statement that will help us write this query.  We will use “DBCC SHOWFILESTATS” statement to build this query. To get an idea on what this DBCC statement returns, try running the below query in SQL Server Management Studio and you shall see the
effect -

  1. USE master
  2. DBCC SHOWFILESTATS

This will give you an output something similar to the below.

SQL server.jpg

The output returns the following columns for our use -

  • TotalExtents - Identifies the total file size on Hard disk
  • UsedExtents - Identifies the actual file size in use on Hard disk
  • Name - Identifies the name of the database
  • FileName - Identifies the location of the physical file on Hard disk

From MSDN, Extents are the basic unit in which space is managed. An extent is eight physically contiguous pages, or 64 KB. This means that each extent equals to 64 Kilobytes of memory. Applying the calculation on the output, we get the Total Extent of the master database is 64 x 64=4096 KB and the Used Extent is 46 x 64 = 2944KB

This gives us an idea on which database is using how much size on the hard disk.

Note - To be able to run this query, you should have administrator privileges on SQL Server.

COMMENT USING
PREMIUM SPONSORS
MCN is your source for developing solutions involving websites, mobile apps, cloud-computing, databases, BI, back-end services and processes and client-server applications.
SPONSORED BY
  • MCN is your source for developing solutions involving websites, mobile apps, cloud-computing, databases, BI, back-end services and processes and client-server applications.
Employers - Post Free Jobs