Reader Level:
ARTICLE

Session and Application in ASP.NET

Posted by Vineet Kumar Saini Articles | ASP.NET Programming November 01, 2011
This article shows the use of session and application level variables in ASP.NET.
  • 1
  • 0
  • 44418
Download Files:
 

Introduction

Session and Application are very important in ASP.NET. When we move from one page to another page, the values of the previous page will get lost, If we want to hold the previous values, for that purpose we can use session level variable or application level variables.

Session level variable : Value will persist till the close of the browser.

Example : First of all we will take a button and text box from the toolbox on web form like the below image.

image1.gif

then we will add code on the button click.

using
System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
namespace session
{
    public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
    {
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        }
        protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Session["username"] = TextBox1.Text;
            Response.Redirect("WebForm1.aspx"); 
        }
    }
}

Now we will add a new web form (WebForm1.aspx)

Solution Explorer->Right click->add->new item->Web Form->add.

image2.gif

image7.gif

Now create a label on this web form, then add the following code on web form loading.

using
System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
namespace session
{
    public partial class WebForm1 : System.Web.UI.Page
    {
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Label1.Text = "Most welcome Mr./Mrs--" + Session["username"].ToString();  
        }
    }
}

Now run the application (Press F5). Then enter the value in textbox.

image3.gif

Then click the ok button.

image4.gif

Application Level variable : Value will persist till the down of web server.

Global.asax file : Global.asax file is ASP.NET application file. Global.asax is extension of Global Application Class. Global.asax file resides in the IIS virtual root of an ASP.NET application. It is used to declare application level variable. There are many events in Global.asax file which are as follows:

Application_Init: Fires when the application initializes for the first time.

Application_Start: Fires the first time an application starts.

Session_Start: Fires the first time when a user's session is started.

Application_BeginRequest: Fires each time a new request comes in.

Application_EndRequest: Fires when the request ends.

Application_AuthenticateRequest: Indicates that a request is ready to be authenticated.

Application_Error: Fires when an unhandled error occurs within the application.

Session_End: Fires whenever a single user Session ends or times out.

Application_End: Fires when the application ends or times out.

References : "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global.asax"

Example : HIT counter

Solution Explorer->Right click->add->new item->Global application class (Global.asax)->add likes below image.

image2.gif

image8.gif

Then coding on Global.asax file.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.SessionState;
namespace Application
{    public class Global : System.Web.HttpApplication
    {
        protected void Application_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Application["hits"] = 0;
        }
        protected void Session_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Application["hits"] = Int32.Parse(Application["hits"].ToString()) + 1;
        }
        protected void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        }
        protected void Application_AuthenticateRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        }
        protected void Application_Error(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        }
        protected void Session_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        }
        protected void Application_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        }
    }
}

Now we will take a button on web form then coding on button click.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
namespace Application
{
    public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
    {
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        }
        protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Response.Write("<h1>Your are user Number-->" + Application["hits"].ToString());   
        }
    }
}

Now run application (Press F5). Then click the button.

image5.gif

Again run application then click button.

image6.gif

So when we run the application again and again the number of views will be increment according to running mode of web application.

Summary

So session level variable or application level variable are used for the persist value till the close of browser or server.

COMMENT USING

Trending up