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Chat Application in AJAX

Posted by Davin Martyn Articles | AJAX January 06, 2012
In this article we are going to discuss how to create a chat application in AJAX using ASP.NET.
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Introduction

Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a new web development technique for interactive websites. AJAX helps us to develop web applications and retrieve small amounts of data from the web server. AJAX consists of a different type of technology.

  • JavaScript
  • XML
  • Asynchronous Call to the server

Chat

The AJAX Chat Sample shows how to build a browser based chat using ASP .NET and AJAX. ASP.NET AJAX is the easiest and most enjoyable way to start writing asynchronous Web applications using ASP.NET.

Step 1 : Open Visual Studio 2010.

  • Go to File->New->WebSite
  • Select ASP.NET Empty WebSite
step1.gif

Step 2 : Go to Solution Explorer and right-click.

  • Select Add->New Item
  • Select WebForm
  • Default.aspx page open
step2.gif

Add Some Chat Control

Step 3 :  Go to the Default.aspx page and click on the [Design] option and drag control from Toolbox.

  • Drag ScriptManager control, UpdatePanel control, Button, Bulleted List,TextBox

Define Trigger for UpdatePanel

Step 4 : Go to Default.aspx [Design] option and click on the UpdatePanel.

  • Select Properties option
  • Click on Trigger and define ControlIDand Event Name
A4.gif

Step 5 :
Write code for UpdatePanel control and define AsyncPostBackTrigger.

Code :

<asp:UpdatePanel ID="ChatUpdatePanel" runat="server" UpdateMode="Always">
                <ContentTemplate>
                    Chatters<br/>
                    <asp:BulletedList ID="ChattersBulletedList" runat="server" BackColor="#FF8000" />
                        Chat Text<br/>
                    <div id="ChatText" style="width: 440px; height: 140px; overflow: auto; background-color: #B6E2B7;">
                        <asp:BulletedList runat="server" ID="ChatMessageList" />
                    </div>
                </ContentTemplate>
                <Triggers>
                    <asp:AsyncPostBackTrigger ControlID="SendButton" EventName="Click" />
                    <asp:AsyncPostBackTrigger ControlID="ChatTextTimer" EventName="Tick" />
                </Triggers>
            </asp:UpdatePanel
>

Add App_Code Folder

Step 6 : Go to Solution Explorer and add App_Code Folder for the Chat.cs and Chatter.cs class files, needed to create our test data.

chat4.gif

Add Some Chatter


Step 7 :
Go to Solution Explorer and click on the project.

  • Select Add->NewItem
  • Select GlobalApplication class
  • Global.asax page open

Define NameSpace

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Collections.Generic" %> This is test only data.

Code :

<%
@ Import Namespace="System.Collections.Generic" %>
<%@ Application Language="C#" %>
<script runat="server">
    void Application_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        List<Chatter> chatters = new List<Chatter>();
        chatters.Add(new Chatter(new Guid("CD863C27-2CEE-45fd-A2E0-A69E62B816B9"), "RAJ"));
        chatters.Add(new Chatter(Guid.NewGuid(), "Bhavana"));
        chatters.Add(new Chatter(Guid.NewGuid(), "Amit"));
        chatters.Add(new Chatter(Guid.NewGuid(), "Deepak"));
        chatters.Add(new Chatter(Guid.NewGuid(), "Manish"));
        chatters.Add(new Chatter(Guid.NewGuid(), "Sachin"));
        chatters.Add(new Chatter(Guid.NewGuid(), "Puja"));
        Application.Add("Chatters", chatters);
 
        List<chate> chats = new List<chate>();
        chats.Add(new chate());
        Application.Add("Chats", chats);
        foreach (KeyValuePair<Guid, Chatter> chatter in Chatter.ActiveChatters())
        {
            chatter.Value.Join(chate.ActiveChats()[0]);
        }
    }
    void Application_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //  Code that runs on application shutdown
    }
    void Application_Error(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Code that runs when an unhandled error occurs|
    }
    void Session_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Code that runs when a new session is started
    }
    void Session_End(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Code that runs when a session ends.
        // Note: The Session_End event is raised only when the sessionstate mode
        // is set to InProc in the Web.config file. If session mode is set to StateServer
        // or SQLServer, the event is not raised.
 
    }
</script>

Note : Since we want to simulate a group of Chatters that have logged into our site, we will create a list of Chatter objects within the Application_Start method.

Step 8 :
Go to Default.aspx.cs and define two private variables, one for our Chatter ("RAJ"), and one for the single Chat instance.

Code :

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    private chate m_chat = chate.ActiveChats()[0];
    private Chatter m_chatter = Chatter.ActiveChatters()[new Guid("CD863C27-2CEE-45fd-A2E0-A69E62B816B9")];
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
         _UpdateChatterList();
        _UpdateChatMessageList();
    }
    private void _UpdateChatMessageList()
    {
        ChatMessageList.DataSource = m_chat.Messages;
        ChatMessageList.DataBind();
    }
    private void _UpdateChatterList()
    {
        ChattersBulletedList.DataSource = m_chat.Chatters;
        ChattersBulletedList.DataTextField = "Name";
        ChattersBulletedList.DataBind();
    }
    protected void SendButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(NewMessageTextBox.Text))
        {
            string messageSent = m_chat.SendMessage(m_chatter, NewMessageTextBox.Text);
            NewMessageTextBox.Text = string.Empty;
        }
        _UpdateChatterList();
        _UpdateChatMessageList();
    }
    }

Step 9 :
Go to Default.aspx page option and write a code.

Code :

<body>
     <form id="form2" runat="server" style="background-color: #ADC9D1">
            <asp:ScriptManager ID="ScriptManager1" runat="server" EnablePartialRendering="true" />
            <asp:UpdatePanel ID="ChatUpdatePanel" runat="server" UpdateMode="Always">
                <ContentTemplate>
                    Chatters<br/>
                    <asp:BulletedList ID="ChattersBulletedList" runat="server"
                        BackColor="#FF8000" />
                    Chat Text<br/>
                    <div id="ChatText"
                        style="width: 440px; height: 140px; overflow: auto; background-color: #B6E2B7;">
                        <asp:BulletedList runat="server" ID="ChatMessageList" />
                    </div>
                </ContentTemplate>
                <Triggers>
                    <asp:AsyncPostBackTrigger ControlID="SendButton" EventName="Click" />
                    <asp:AsyncPostBackTrigger ControlID="ChatTextTimer" EventName="Tick" />
                </Triggers>
            </asp:UpdatePanel>
           Send Message Text<br/>|
            <asp:TextBox ID="NewMessageTextBox" Columns="50" runat="server"
                BackColor="White" /><asp:Button EnableViewState="false" ID="SendButton" Text="Send" runat="server" OnClick="SendButton_Click" />
            <asp:Timer runat="server" ID="ChatTextTimer" Interval="1000" />
        </form>
        <script type="text/javascript">
            function _SetChatTextScrollPosition() {
                var chatText = document.getElementById("ChatText");
                chatText.scrollTop = chatText.scrollHeight;
                window.setTimeout("_SetChatTextScrollPosition()", 1);
            }
            window.onload = function () {
                _SetChatTextScrollPosition();
            }
        </script
>

Step 10 : Go to the Chate.cs class and write a code for the test data.

Code :

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.Web;
/// <summary>
///
Summary description for chate
/// </summary>
public class chate
{
    private Guid m_id;
    public Guid Id
    {
        get { return m_id; }
    }
    private List<string> m_messages = new List<string>();
    public List<string> Messages
    {
        get { return m_messages; }
    }
    private List<Chatter> m_chatters = new List<Chatter>();
    public List<Chatter> Chatters
    {
        get { return m_chatters; }
        set { m_chatters = value; }
    }
    public static ReadOnlyCollection<chate> ActiveChats()
    {
        if (HttpContext.Current.Application["Chats"] != null)
        {
            List<chate> chats = ((List<chate>)HttpContext.Current.Application["Chats"]);
            return new ReadOnlyCollection<chate>(chats);
        }
        else
        {
            return new ReadOnlyCollection<chate>(new List<chate>());
        }
    }
    public string SendMessage(Chatter chatter, string message)
    {
        string messageMask = "{0} @ {1} : {2}";
        message = string.Format(messageMask, chatter.Name, DateTime.Now.ToString(), message);
        m_messages.Add(message);
        return message;
    }
}

Step 11 : Now write the code for the chatter.cs class for the chat application.

Code :

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
/// <summary>
///
Summary description for Chatter
/// </summary>
public class Chatter
{
    private Guid m_id;
    public Guid Id
    {
        get { return m_id; }
    }
    private string m_name;
    public string Name
    {
        get { return m_name; }
    }
    public static Dictionary<Guid, Chatter> ActiveChatters()
    {
        Dictionary<Guid, Chatter> retval = new Dictionary<Guid, Chatter>();"
        if (HttpContext.Current.Application["Chatters"] != null)
        {
            List<Chatter> chatters = ((List<Chatter>)HttpContext.Current.Application["Chatters"]);
            foreach (Chatter chatter in chatters)
            {
                retval.Add(chatter.Id, chatter);
            }
        }
        return retval;
    }|
    public void Join(chate chat)
    {
        chat.Chatters.Add(this);
    }
    public Chatter(Guid id, string name)
    {
        m_id = id;
        m_name = name;
    }
}

Step 12 : Now run the application by Pressing F5.

CHAT12.gif

Step 13 : Write a message inside the Texbox and click on send button.

chat13.gif

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