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Dynamically Populating a Control in AJAX Using ASP.NET

Posted by Davin Martyn Articles | AJAX January 13, 2012
In this article you will learn about Dynamically Populating a Control in AJAX using ASP.NET.
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Introduction

AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is new web development technique used for the interactive websites. AJAX can help develop web applications and retrieve a small amount of data from a web server. AJAX consists of a different type of technology.

  • JavaScript
  • Xml
  • Asynchronous call to the server

Dynamically Populating Control

The DynamicPopulate Control in the ASP.NET AJAX can call a page method and fill the resulting value in the target control on the page without a page refresh. The method call returns a form of  HTML string that is inserted as a child of the target element. The AJAX controls  work automatically. While it's possible to call (_doPostBack()) from JavaScript to trigger for a partial update. When  we use the ASP.NET DropDownList control, ASP.NET will verify that the items in the list are the same items the list contained when the page was rendered. Since we are adding items on the client side, a postback results in an ASP.NET validation error. This postback validation is designed to prevent users from editing your web pages and trying to submit invalid data. You can disable this validation but, for our purposes, it's simpler just to use a <select> tag.

Step 1 : Open Visual Studio 2010.

  • Go to File->New->WebSite
  • Select ASP.NET Empty WebSite
dr1.gif

Step 2 : Go to Solution Explorer and right-click.

  • Select Add->New Item
  • Select WebForm
  • Default.aspx page open
dr2.gif

Step 3 : Go to Default.aspx page and click on the [Design] option and drag control from Toolbox.

  • Drag Panel control, Label, Button, Drop List control, ScriptManager control.

Step 4 : The page contain a button with the ID PopList. The onclick attribute of this attribute calls the PopulateList() JavaScript function.

JavaScript Function 

<title>my ajax application</title>
<style type="text/css">
        body
        {
            font-family: @BatangChe
            font-size: small;
            color: #555555;
        }
    </style>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        function PopulateList() {
            PageMethods.GetListData(1, OnPopulateList);
        }
        function OnPopulateList(list) {
            var dropList = document.getElementById('DropList');
            for (i = 1; i < 10; i++) {
                var option = document.createElement('OPTION');
                option.text = list[i].text;
                option.value = list[i].value;
                dropList.options.add(option);
            }
        }
    </script
>

Step 5 :  Go to Default.aspx[Source] option and define the condition EnablePageMethod is "True" with ScriptManager and write a code.

Code :

    <form id="form1" runat="server" style="background-color: #330D1E">
    <div>
        <asp:ScriptManager ID="ScriptManager1" runat="server" EnablePageMethods="True">
        </asp:ScriptManager>
        <p style="background-color: #2FC8D0">
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #C0D1AF">
           How to populate control in ajax
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #B8C9C9">
            <input id="PopList" type="button" value="Populate List"
                onclick="PopulateList();" style="background-color: #A5DCBD" />
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #784847">
            <select id="DropList" name="DropListName"
                style="width: 200px; background-color: #B3CEC6;">
            </select>
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #808080">
            <asp:Button ID="btnSubmit" runat="server" Text="Submit" />
        </p>
        <p style="background-color: #9A96E9">
            <asp:Label ID="lblSubmitValue" runat="server" BackColor="#FFFFCC"
                BorderWidth="15px"></asp:Label>
        </p>
    </div>
    </form
>

Create List Data 

Step 6 : Now we create List Data Class. The data returns a list of objects for this class.

  • The class consist two member Text, Value.

List :

public class ListData
        {
            public string text { get; set; }
            public int value { get; set; }
        }

Step 7 : Now we define the method for Client Side JavaScript and method return the data (List Data object).

Method 

public static IEnumerable<ListData> GetListData(int arg)
        {
            List<ListData> list = new List<ListData>();
            for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
                list.Add(new ListData()
                {
                    text = String.Format("List Item {0}", i),
                    value = i
                });
            return list;
        }

Namespace 

Step 8 :  The collection represents the raw values being posted to the page of List Data Items. Then these data items consist of the following namespace are use it.

using System.Collections.Generic;

Step 9 : Now go to the Default.aspx.cs file; write code for the method to be called from client-side JavaScript.

Code :

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (Request.Form["DropListName"] != null)
                lblSubmitValue.Text = String.Format("Submitted Value: \"{0}\"",
                    Request.Form["DropListName"]);
        }
        public class ListData
        {
            public string text { get; set; }
            public int value { get; set; }
        }
        [System.Web.Services.WebMethod]
        [System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptMethod]
        public static IEnumerable<ListData> GetListData(int arg)
        {
            List<ListData> list = new List<ListData>();
            for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
                list.Add(new ListData()
                {
                    text = String.Format("List Item {0}", i),
                    value = i
                });
            return list;
        }
    }

Step 10 :  Now run the application pressing F5.

ajax1.gif

This page demonstrate how to dynamically populate a control using AJAX.

Step 11 : Click  on the populate list button to populate the dropdown list.

ajax2.gif

Step 12 : Now click on the Submit button to submit the selected value back to the server.

ajax3.gif

Step 13 : Now you will change the dropdown list item and click on the submit button to again submit the selected value back to the server.

ajax4.gif

Resource :

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