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SharePoint 2010 - Create Document Library

Posted by Jean Paul Articles | SharePoint May 17, 2012
In this article we can explore the creation of Document Library through code. Here we are using existing Document Templates inside SharePoint to create a new document library.
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In this article we can explore the creation of Document Library through code. Here we are using existing Document Templates inside SharePoint to create a new document library.

Following are the activities involved in Document Library creation:

  • Find the List Template
  • Find the Document Template
  • Create Document Library

Inside Visual Studio

Create a new console application and name it as DocLibCreation. Make sure you change the target framework to .Net 3.5.

Add the following code into the Program.cs file:

using (SPSite site = new SPSite("http://appes-pc/my/personal/dotnet"))
{
    using (SPWeb web = site.OpenWeb())
    {
        SPListTemplate listTemplate = web.ListTemplates["Document Library"];
        SPDocTemplate docTemplate = (from SPDocTemplate dt in web.DocTemplates
                                        where dt.Type == 122
                                        select dt).FirstOrDefault();
 
        Guid guid = web.Lists.Add("My Docs", "My Documents", listTemplate, docTemplate);

        SPDocumentLibrary library = web.Lists[guid] as SPDocumentLibrary;
        library.OnQuickLaunch = true;
        library.Update();
    }
}

Now run the application and you can see the new Document Library created inside SharePoint.

Share1.jpg

Document Templates

Following are the SharePoint 2010 document templates available:
 

Template ID

Description

100

No Template

101

Word 2003 document

103

Excel 2003 document

104

PowerPoint 2003 document

121

Word document

122

Excel document

123

PowerPoint document

111

OneNote Notebook

102

SharePoint Designer HTML document

105

ASPX Web Page

106

ASPX Web Part Page

1000

InfoPath document

Uploading Document

Now we can try uploading a document to the above library programmatically. Use the following code to upload an excel file. Make sure the application bin folder contains a file named sample.xlsx.

using (SPSite site = new SPSite("http://appes-pc/my/personal/dotnet"))
{
    using (SPWeb web = site.OpenWeb())
    {
        SPDocumentLibrary library = web.Lists["My Docs"] as SPDocumentLibrary;

        SPFile file = library.RootFolder.Files.Add("sample.xlsx", File.ReadAllBytes("sample.xlsx"));
    }
}


You can see that the file is uploaded into SharePoint:

Share2.jpg

Downloading Document

Now we can try downloading a document from the above library programmatically. Use the following code:

using (SPSite site = new SPSite("http://appes-pc/my/personal/dotnet"))
{
    using (SPWeb web = site.OpenWeb())
    {
        SPDocumentLibrary library = web.Lists["My Docs"] as SPDocumentLibrary;
        SPFile file = web.GetFile(library.RootFolder.Url + "/sample.xlsx");

        Stream stream = file.OpenBinaryStream();
        FileStream fileStream = new FileStream("out.xlsx", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write);

        int buffer = 4096;
        int read = buffer;
        byte[] bytes = new byte[buffer];
 
        while (read == buffer)
        {
            read = stream.Read(bytes, 0, buffer);
            fileStream.Write(bytes, 0, read);

            if (read < buffer) break;
        }

        stream.Dispose();
        fileStream.Dispose();
    }
}

After running the program, you can see that the file is created in the bin folder.

Share3.jpg

This concludes the following activities:

  1. Create Document Library

  2. Upload a Document

  3. Download a Document

References

http://www.learningsharepoint.com/2010/06/30/programatically-creating-document-sets-in-sharepoint-2010/

Summary

In this article we have the creation of document library through code. Please note that using the Document Type we can create different types of document library.
 

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