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Union and Intersect Operations Using LINQ

Posted by Vijay Prativadi Articles | LINQ November 05, 2012
Today, in this article let's play around with the most useful operations "union" and "intersect" in LINQ.
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Introduction

 

Today, in this article let's play around with the most useful operations "union" and "intersect" in LINQ.

Union Operation using LINQ

Question: What is "union" operation? 

In simple terms "It combines the data from two or more tables and shows them as a single result set".

Step 1: The data in the database looks like this:

Eployee-Table-in-SQL-Server.jpg

Department-Table-in-SQL-Server.jpg

Step 2: Create a new "ASP.NET Web Application", as in:

new-WebForm-project-in-ASP.NET.jpg

Step 3: The complete code of WebForm1.aspx looks like this:

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="WebForm1.aspx.cs" Inherits="LINQUnionApp.WebForm1" %>

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

<head id="Head1" runat="server">

    <style type="text/css">

        .grid

        {

            margin-top: 50px;

        }

    </style>

    <title></title>

</head>

<body>

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

    <center>

        <div>

            <table>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text="Union Operation using LINQ" Font-Bold="true"

                            Font-Size="Large" Font-Names="Verdana" ForeColor="Maroon"></asp:Label>

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Text="Select Data" Font-Names="Verdana" Width="213px"

                            BackColor="Orange" Font-Bold="True" OnClick="Button1_Click" />

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" CssClass="grid" BackColor="LightGoldenrodYellow"

                            BorderColor="Tan" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="2" ForeColor="Black" GridLines="None">

                            <AlternatingRowStyle BackColor="PaleGoldenrod" />

                            <FooterStyle BackColor="Tan" />

                            <HeaderStyle BackColor="Tan" Font-Bold="True" />

                            <PagerStyle BackColor="PaleGoldenrod" ForeColor="DarkSlateBlue" HorizontalAlign="Center" />

                            <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="DarkSlateBlue" ForeColor="GhostWhite" />

                            <sortedascendingcellstyle backcolor="#FAFAE7" />

                            <sortedascendingheaderstyle backcolor="#DAC09E" />

                            <sorteddescendingcellstyle backcolor="#E1DB9C" />

                            <sorteddescendingheaderstyle backcolor="#C2A47B" />

                        </asp:GridView>

                    </td>

                </tr>

            </table>

        </div>

    </center>

    </form>

</body>

</html>

 

 Step 4: The complete code of WebForm1.aspx.cs looks like this:

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Web;

using System.Web.UI;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

namespace LINQUnionApp

{

    public partial class WebForm1 : System.Web.UI.Page

    {

        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

        }

        protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            var queryEmp = from r in objEntities.Employeeselect new

            {

                Location = r.Location

            };

            var queryDept = from p in objEntities.Department select new

            {

                Location = p.Location

            };

            GridView1.DataSource = queryEmp.Union(queryDept);

            GridView1.DataBind();

        }

        #region Instance MembersCompanyEntities objEntities = new CompanyEntities();

        #endregion

    }

}

Step 5: The output of the application looks like this:

Union-Operation-in-LINQ.jpg

Step 6: The data retrieved output of the application looks like this:

Retrieved-output-of-Union-Operation-in-LINQ.jpg

Intersect Operation using LINQ


Question: What is an "intersect" operation?

 

In simple terms "It combines the data from two or more tables and shows the common matching records as a single result set".

Step 1: The data in the database looks like this:

Employee2-table-in-SQL-Server.jpg

Department2-table-in-SQL-Server.jpg

Step 2: Create a new "ASP.NET Web Application", as in:

Web-project-option-in-VS.jpg

Step 3: The complete code of WebForm1.aspx looks like this:

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="WebForm1.aspx.cs" Inherits="LINQIntersectApp.WebForm1" %>

 

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

<head id="Head1" runat="server">

    <style type="text/css">

        .grid

        {

            margin-top: 50px;

        }

    </style>

    <title></title>

</head>

<body>

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

    <center>

        <div>

            <table>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text="Intersect Operation using LINQ" Font-Bold="true"

                            Font-Size="Large" Font-Names="Verdana" ForeColor="Maroon"></asp:Label>

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Text="Select Data" Font-Names="Verdana" Width="213px"

                            BackColor="Orange" Font-Bold="True" OnClick="Button1_Click" />

                    </td>

                </tr>

                <tr>

                    <td colspan="2" align="center">

                        <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" CssClass="grid" BackColor="LightGoldenrodYellow"

                            BorderColor="Tan" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="2" ForeColor="Black" GridLines="None">

                            <AlternatingRowStyle BackColor="PaleGoldenrod" />

                            <FooterStyle BackColor="Tan" />

                            <HeaderStyle BackColor="Tan" Font-Bold="True" />

                            <PagerStyle BackColor="PaleGoldenrod" ForeColor="DarkSlateBlue" HorizontalAlign="Center" />

                            <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="DarkSlateBlue" ForeColor="GhostWhite" />

                            <sortedascendingcellstyle backcolor="#FAFAE7" />

                            <sortedascendingheaderstyle backcolor="#DAC09E" />

                            <sorteddescendingcellstyle backcolor="#E1DB9C" />

                            <sorteddescendingheaderstyle backcolor="#C2A47B" />

                        </asp:GridView>

                    </td>

                </tr>

            </table>

        </div>

    </center>

    </form>

</body>

</html>

 

Step 4: The complete code of WebForm1.aspx.cs looks like this:

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Web;

using System.Web.UI;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

namespace LINQIntersectApp

{

    public partial class WebForm1 : System.Web.UI.Page

    {

        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

        }

        protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            var queryEmp = from r in objEntities.Employee

                           select new

                               {

                                   Location = r.Location

                               };

            var queryDept = from p in objEntities.Department

                            select new

                                {

                                    Location = p.Location

                                };

            GridView1.DataSource = queryEmp.Intersect(queryDept);

            GridView1.DataBind();

        }

        #region Instance MembersCompanyEntities objEntities = new CompanyEntities();

        #endregion

    }

}

Step 5: The output of the application looks like this:

Intersection-in-LINQ.jpg

Step 6: The data retrieved output of the application looks like this:

retrieved-Intersection-output-in-LINQ.jpg

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