Reader Level:
ARTICLE

Secure Mailing

On December 19, 2012 Articles | Security in .NET
This application an be used to encrypt a text message using AES encryption as well as send it to the person whose email is provided. This could be used as the security software for any of us. But to decrypt the encrypted text one must have the same application.
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3548
Download Files:
 

Introduction

This application can be used to encrypt a text message using AES encryption as well as send it to the person whose email is provided. This could be used as the security software for any of us. But to decrypt the encrypted text one must have the same application.

Background

Before starting, I would suggest to have a basic knowledge of C# and cryptography.

Modules

The code consists of two modules: AES encryption/decryption and Mail.

Using the code

The Namespaces

using System.Net;

Provides the classes and functions used in the program by the user for sending the mail.

using System.Security.Cryptography;

Provides the classes and functions related to the encryption.

The Code

To encrypt with the AES, .Net provides various classes. Here we use the AesCryptoServiceProvider class to encrypt and decrypt the given text.

AesCryptoServiceProvider aes = new AesCryptoServiceProvider();
byte[] key = aes.Key;
byte[] iv = aes.IV;

The key and iv (initialization vector) is used to encrypt the text.

Encryption

        byte[] en;
        ICryptoTransform ict = aes.CreateEncryptor(key, iv);// create the encryptor
        MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream();// To store the encrypted data into the stream(which is hold in memory) so as it could be used as per requirement.
        CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, ict, CryptoStreamMode.Write);//Is used to link the stream to cryptographic transformations.
        StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(cs);//used to write the the data in the stream.
        sw.Write(text);// write all text to the stream
        sw.Close();// close the stream
        en = ms.ToArray();
// store the contents


Decryption

        ICryptoTransform ict = aes.CreateDecryptor(key, iv);// create the decryptor
        MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(text);// created with the text it has to decrypt
        CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, ict, CryptoStreamMode.Read);//Is used in read mode
        StreamReader sw = new StreamReader(cs);//used to read the data from the stream.
        string str = sw.ReadToEnd(text);// write all text to the stream
        sw.Close();
// close the stream


Mail

Create an object of the mailmessage class as:

System.Net.Mail.MailMessage message = new System.Net.Mail.MailMessage();

Now prepare the message and the required details, as in:

        message.To.Add("abc@example.com");// the to field
        message.From = new System.Net.Mail.MailAddress("xyz@example.com");// the from field
        message.Subject = "Encrypted mail";
        message.Body = "Encrypted text with key and iv";

Create the SMTP client object so as to send the mail as:

System.Net.Mail.SmtpClient smtp = new System.Net.Mail.SmtpClient();

Enter the required credentials needed for login:

smtp.Credentials = new NetworkCredential("your username", "your password");

Provide the SMTP host and port number (I used Gmail here):

smtp.Host = "smtp.gmail.com";
smtp.Port = 587;

Then use the Send() function to send the message, as in:

smtp.EnableSsl = true; // enable secure login (optional)
smtp.Send(message);
// send the message

Now when the user receives the message he will see the encrypted message with key and iv.

*For full source and exe download the attachments.
 

  • 521rank
  • 17K readers
COMMENT USING

Trending up