ARTICLE

Create a file using FileInfo in C#

Posted by Mahesh Chand Articles | Files, Directory, IO July 13, 2012
How to create a file using FileInfo in C# and .NET.
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C# FileInfo Class

The FileInfo class in the .NET Framework class library provides static methods for creating, reading, copying, moving, and deleting files using the FileStream objects. 

The FileInfo class is defined in the System.IO namespace. You must import this namespace before using the class.

using System.IO;

Create a FileInfo

A FileInfo object is created using the default constructor that takes a string as a file name with a full path. 

string fileName = @"C:\Temp\MaheshTXFI.txt";
FileInfo fi = new FileInfo(fileName);

Sample

Here is a complete sample.

// Full file name 
string fileName = @"C:\Temp\MaheshTXFI.txt";
FileInfo fi = new FileInfo(fileName);

// Create a new file 
using (FileStream fs = fi.Create())
{
    Byte[] txt = new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("New file.");
    fs.Write(txt, 0, txt.Length);
    Byte[] author = new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("Author Mahesh Chand");
    fs.Write(author, 0, author.Length);
}

// Get File Name
string justFileName = fi.Name;
Console.WriteLine("File Name: {0}", justFileName);
// Get file name with full path 
string fullFileName = fi.FullName;
Console.WriteLine("File Name: {0}", fullFileName);
// Get file extension 
string extn = fi.Extension;
Console.WriteLine("File Extension: {0}", extn);
// Get directory name 
string directoryName = fi.DirectoryName;
Console.WriteLine("Directory Name: {0}", directoryName);
// File Exists ?
bool exists = fi.Exists;
Console.WriteLine("File Exists: {0}", exists);
if (fi.Exists)
{
    // Get file size
    long size = fi.Length;
    Console.WriteLine("File Size in Bytes: {0}", size);
    // File ReadOnly ?
    bool IsReadOnly = fi.IsReadOnly;
    Console.WriteLine("Is ReadOnly: {0}", IsReadOnly);
    // Creation, last access, and last write time 
    DateTime creationTime = fi.CreationTime;
    Console.WriteLine("Creation time: {0}", creationTime);
    DateTime accessTime = fi.LastAccessTime;
    Console.WriteLine("Last access time: {0}", accessTime);
    DateTime updatedTime = fi.LastWriteTime;
    Console.WriteLine("Last write time: {0}", updatedTime);
}     


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