Multithreading is new to VB developer, VB developer always wanted this
feature in the language and its there in VB .NET.
One of the many great features in Windows 95 and Windows NT is multiple threads.
The power of multithreaded programming requires responsible programming. It's up
to you to ensure that the CPU switching between threads won't cause bad things
to happen. For example, you might have data (such as a linked list) that can be
accessed by more than one thread. Your code needs to ensure that a threads
switch at the wrong moment won't leave your data in an inconsistent state. You
prevent threads-switching problems by using synchronization objects.
One or more threads run in an AppDomain. An AppDomain is a runtime
representation of a logical process within a physical process. A thread is the
basic unit to which the operating system allocates processor time. Each
AppDomain is started with a single thread, but can create additional threads
from any of its threads.
Each thread maintains exception handlers, a scheduling priority, and a set of
structures the system will use to save the thread context until it is scheduled.
The thread context includes the thread's set of machine registers and stack, in
the address space of the thread's process.
Operating systems that support preemptive multitasking create the effect of
simultaneous execution of multiple threads from multiple processes. On a
multiprocessor computer, some operating systems that are multi-processor aware
can simultaneously execute as many threads as there are processors on the
A multitasking operating system divides the available processor time among the
processes or threads that need it. The system is designed for preemptive
multitasking; it allocates a processor time slice to each thread it executes.
The currently executing thread is suspended when its time slice elapses,
allowing another thread to run. When the system switches from one thread to
another, it saves the thread context of the preempted thread and restores the
saved thread context of the next thread in the queue.
Synchronizing resource access between threads is a common problem when
writing multithreaded applications. Having two or more threads simultaneously
access the same data can lead to undesirable and unpredictable results. For
example, one thread could be updating the contents of a structure while another
thread is reading the contents of the same structure. It is unknown what data
the reading thread will receive: the old data, the newly written data, or
possibly a mixture of both. .NET provides a number of synchronization and
synchronization access classes to aid in solving this problem.
This article explains the Monitor class available and how to use them to create
thread-safe classes in a typical multithreaded application.
Monitors expose the ability to take and release the sync block lock on an object
on demand via Enter, TryEnter and Exit. The Monitor Wait, Pulse and PulseAll
methods are related to SyncBlocks. It is necessary to be in a synchronized
region on an object before calling Wait or Pulse on that object. Wait releases
the lock if it is held and waits to be notified. When Wait is notified, it
returns and has obtained the lock again. Notify signals for next thread in wait
queue to proceed.
- Monitors are associated with an object on demand.
- Monitors are unbound i.e. can be called directly
from any Context.
- Monitors cannot be instantiated; they are
associated with an object.
. . . ' do some work
How to run?
This is a console application, which demonstrates the Multithreading
capability of .NET in Visual Basic.
This is a banking application which demonstrate the use of synchronization, to
see why synchronization is necessary comment the Monitor.Enter(Me) and
Monitor.Exit(Me), the result will vary and u will get the feel why
synchronization is needed.