Calling SharePoint Search Using REST From JavaScript


SharePoint 2013 provides a very powerful endpoint, which you can use to retrieve search result and query suggestion.

The first thing which we have seen is the available search endpoints


 The simplest way to run a query against REST API is to pass a keyword query. There are two basic ways to run searches, where one is by sending the search parameters through the RESTful URL and the other by sending them through the query or suggest endpoints. The querytext can be any legal keyword query language construction, including managed properties and operators. So far we’ve just looked at executing a basic query, where the query text is specified. Here are a couple of other common operations, which you might want to do.

OperationSample REST URL
Specify the maximum number of record to return/_api/search/query?querytext='search term'&rowlimit=100
Specify a start row (i.e. in paging)/_api/search/query?querytext='search term'&startrow=11
Specify a number of results to return/_api/search/query?querytext='search term'&startrow=11&rowlimit=10 (but note 10 is the default)
Specifies the list of properties to sort the search results by./_api/search/query?querytext=’terms’&sortlist= ‘Title:ascending’
Specify particular (managed) properties to return/_api/search/query?querytext='search term'&selectproperties='Author,Path,Title'
Use a search Result Source (i.e. a scope)/_api/search/query?querytext='search term'&sourceid='B09A7990-05EA-4AF9-81EF-EDFAB16C4E31' (this ex. is to search the ‘People’ result source)

Below specifies the unique key identifier of the Result Source to use for executing the search queries,
Result SourceID
Items matching a content type5dc9f503-801e-4ced-8a2c-5d1237132419
Items matching a tage1327b9c-2b8c-4b23-99c9-3730cb29c3f7
Items related to current user48fec42e-4a92-48ce-8363-c2703a40e67d
Items with same keyword as this item5c069288-1d17-454a-8ac6-9c642a065f48
Local People Resultsb09a7990-05ea-4af9-81ef-edfab16c4e31
Local Reports And Data Results203fba36-2763-4060-9931-911ac8c0583b
Local SharePoint Results8413cd39-2156-4e00-b54d-11efd9abdb89
Local Video Results78b793ce-7956-4669-aa3b-451fc5defebf
Recently changed itemsba63bbae-fa9c-42c0-b027-9a878f16557c
Recommended Itemsec675252-14fa-4fbe-84dd-8d098ed74181


I wanted to search for the people, the key learning here is that you specify the content sources via its GUID.

Use the procedure given below to create a sample.

Step 1

Navigate to your SharePoint 2013 site.

Step 2

From this page, select Site Actions | Edit Page.

Edit the page, go to the Insert tab in the Ribbon and click Web Part option. In Web Parts picker area, go to the Media and Content category, select the Script Editor Web Part and press the Add button.

Step 3

Once the Web Part is inserted into the page, you will see an "EDIT SNIPPET" link; click it. You can insert HTML and/or JavaScript, as shown below.

  1. <script src="/Scripts/jquery-1.10.1.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>  
  2. <script type="text/javascript">  
  3.     $(document).ready(function() {  
  4.         $("#SearchQuery").click(function() {  
  5.             $.ajax({  
  6.                 url: window.location.protocol + "//" + + "/_api/search/query?querytext='" + $("#search-input").val() + "*'&sourceid='b09a7990-05ea-4af9-81ef-edfab16c4e31'&rowlimit='100'&selectproperties='PictureURL, PreferredName, Country'",  
  7.                 headers: {  
  8.                     "Accept""application/json; odata=verbose"  
  9.                 },  
  10.                 contentType: "application/json; odata=verbose",  
  11.                 success: function(data) {  
  12.                     var results;  
  13.                     var divHTML = '';  
  14.                     var Picurl;  
  15.                     if (data.d) {  
  16.                         if (data.d.query) var users = newArray();  
  17.                         results = data.d.query.PrimaryQueryResult.RelevantResults.Table.Rows.results;  
  18.                         for (i = 0; i < results.length; i++) {  
  19.                             var item = results[i];  
  20.                             var itemCell = item.Cells;  
  21.                             var itemResults = itemCell.results;  
  22.                             //Get Values for User  
  23.                             var userPic = getValueByKey("PictureURL", itemResults);  
  24.                             var fullname = getValueByKey("PreferredName", itemResults);  
  25.                             var CountryName = getValueByKey("Country", itemResults);  
  26.                             if (userPic != null) {  
  27.                                 Picurl = userPic;  
  28.                             } else {  
  29.                                 Picurl = '/Style Library/styles/images/tempPic.png';  
  30.                             }  
  31.                             // alert(PicId);  
  32.                             divHTML += '<div class="item">' + '<div class="id">' + '<div class="ms-tableCell ms-verticalAlignTop">' + '<div class="ms-peopleux-userImgDiv">' + '<div class="ms-imnSpan">' + '<div style="width: 36px; height: 30px;" id="ImgPicSpan1" class="ms-peopleux-userImgWrapper ms-subtleLink ms-peopleux-imgUserLink">' + '<img style="cliptop: 0px; clipright: 36px; clipbottom: 36px; clipleft: 0px; min-height: 30px; max-height:30px; min-width: 30px; max-width: 30px;" id="PictureDiv1" class="ms-peopleux-userImg" src="' + Picurl + '"/>' + '</div>' + '</div>' + '</div>' + '</div>' + '<div id="PersonNameDiv" class="ms-tableCell ms-verticalAlignTop" >' + '<div> ' + fullname + ' </div>' + '<div class="place">' + CountryName + ' </div>' + '</div>' + '</div>' + '</div>' + '</div>' + '</div>' + '</div>'  
  33.                         }  
  34.                         $("#Result").html(divHTML);  
  35.                     }  
  36.                     elseif(data.d.postquery)  
  37.                     results = data.d.postquery.PrimaryQueryResult.RelevantResults.Table.Rows.results;  
  38.                     else throw "Results not found";  
  39.                 }  
  40.             });  
  41.         });  
  43.         function getValueByKey(key, results) {  
  44.             var postItem = $.grep(results, function(e) {  
  45.                 if (e.Key === key) returne;  
  46.             })[0].Value;  
  47.             returnpostItem;  
  48.         }  
  49.     });  
  50. </script> <input type="text" id="search-input"> <input type="button" id="SearchQuery" value="Search">  
  51. <div id="Result"></div>  

Final Output

For a more comprehensive reference, the best source which I can find is SharePoint 2013 Search REST API on MSDN.