Azure Stream Analytics Queries for Processing JSON Data


Azure Stream Analytics (ASA) is a powerful real-time analytics service offered by Microsoft that enables users to process and analyze streaming data from various sources. One common use case involves ingesting and processing JSON data streams. In this article, we'll dive into ASA queries and explore how to effectively read and process JSON data using this versatile service.

Understanding JSON Data

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format that is widely used for transmitting data between a server and a web application, as well as for storing configuration data. JSON is easy for humans to read and write, and it's also easy for machines to parse and generate.


Azure Stream Analytics is designed to handle real-time data processing tasks, and that includes the ability to work with JSON data. ASA provides several functions and features that allow you to extract information from JSON objects and arrays, transform data, and output the results to various destinations.

Let's take a look at some common scenarios for working with JSON data in ASA and the corresponding queries.

Querying JSON Data

Suppose you have a streaming input source that emits JSON data representing sensor readings from IoT devices. Each JSON object contains fields such as "deviceId," "temperature," and "humidity." Your goal is to filter out readings where the temperature exceeds a certain threshold and output the filtered results.

    "deviceId": "device001",
    "temperature": 23.5,
    "humidity": 40.2
    "deviceId": "device002",
    "temperature": 22.8,
    "humidity": 37.6
    "deviceId": "device003",
    "temperature": 25.1,
    "humidity": 45.0

Experiment Job/Query

In this example, the GetRecordPropertyValue function is used to extract the "temperature" value from the JSON data, and the WHERE clause filters out readings where the temperature is greater than 25.0.

Working with Nested JSON Arrays

JSON data often contains nested structures, including arrays. ASA allows you to work with nested arrays using the GetArrayElement function. Suppose you have a JSON object representing a user profile with an array of "interests." You want to count the number of interests each user has.

Experiment Job/Query

In this query, GetRecordPropertyValue extracts the "userId" and "interests" array, while GetArrayLength calculates the length of the interests array.

Joining JSON Data

You can also perform joins on JSON data from multiple streams. Suppose you have two streams: one for user profiles and another for purchase history. You want to join these streams to get the user's name and purchase amount.


Here, UserProfiles and Purchases are input streams, and the JOIN operation matches records based on the "userId" field.


Azure Stream Analytics empowers you to efficiently process JSON data in real-time streams. With functions like GetRecordPropertyValue and GetArrayElement, you can easily extract and manipulate JSON data. Whether you're filtering, aggregating, or joining JSON objects, ASA offers a powerful and flexible platform for handling complex data scenarios. By mastering ASA's capabilities for working with JSON, you can unlock valuable insights from your streaming data and build sophisticated real-time analytics solutions.

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