Learn Autofocus Directive in Vue.js

In Vue.js, the v-autofocus directive is a custom directive that you can create to automatically focus an input element when the component is mounted or displayed. This can be useful for improving user experience, especially in forms where you want to immediately direct the user's attention to the input field.

To create a custom directive like v-autofocus, you first need to understand how directives work in Vue.js. Then, you can define your directive and register it with Vue.

Here's how you can create a v-autofocus directive in Vue.js.

// Import Vue
import Vue from 'vue';

// Define a custom directive called 'autofocus'
Vue.directive('autofocus', {
  // When the bound element is inserted into the DOM...
  inserted: function (el) {
    // Focus the element

In this code

  • We import Vue.
  • We use Vue.directive to register a global custom directive called 'autofocus'. The first argument is the name of the directive, and the second argument is an object containing hooks that Vue will call at certain points in the lifecycle of the directive.
  • We define the inserted hook. This hook is called when the bound element is inserted into the DOM. Inside the inserted hook, we call el.focus() to focus on the element.

Now, you can use the v-autofocus directive in your Vue components.

    <!-- Input field with autofocus directive -->
    <input type="text" v-autofocus>

export default {
  // Component options

/* Component styles */

When this component is mounted or displayed, the input field will automatically be focused, thanks to the v-autofocus directive.

Remember that you can customize the directive further according to your needs. For example, you might want to conditionally apply autofocus based on certain conditions or pass parameters to the directive to specify which element should be focused. You can modify the directive definition to suit these requirements.