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Set the Default Value for the Field in SharePoint 2010 using ECMAScript

On January 24, 2012 Articles | SharePoint
In this article you will see how to set the default value for the field in SharePoint 2010 using ECMAScript.
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In this article you will see how to set the default value for the field in SharePoint 2010 using ECMAScript. I have a list named "List Request" which has the following fields (Navigate to the list, click on List tab in the ribbon interface. Click on List Settings button).


I am going to set the default value for the column named "Description" using ECMAScript.

Steps Involved

Step 1 : Navigate to the SharePoint site (I have a site page created in my site where I am going to add the content editor web part).

Step 2 : Go to Site Actions, click on Edit Page.


Step 3 : Click on the Insert tab in the ribbon interface and then click on Web Part button.


Step 4 : Select Media and Content in the Categories section and then click on Content Editor.


Step 5 : Click on Add.

Step 6 : The Content Editor web part will be added to the site page.

Step 7 : Click on the down arrow and then click on Edit Web Part.


Step 8 : Click on "Click here to add new content".


Step 9 : Click on Format Text tab in the ribbon interface and then click on HTML drop down.


Step 10 : Click on Edit HTML source.

Step 11 : The HTML source window will pop up.


Step 12 : Copy and paste the following script.

<script language="ecmascript" type="text/ecmascript"> 
        var fieldCollection;
        var field;
        var list;
        function fieldDefaultValue() {
            var clientContext = SP.ClientContext.get_current();
            if (clientContext != undefined && clientContext != null) {
                var webSite = clientContext.get_web();

                this.list = webSite.get_lists().getByTitle("List Request");
                this.fieldCollection = list.get_fields();
                this.field = fieldCollection.getByTitle("Description");
                clientContext.executeQueryAsync(Function.createDelegate(this, this.OnLoadSuccess),
Function.createDelegate(this, this.OnLoadFailed));
        function OnLoadSuccess(sender, args) {
        function OnLoadFailed(sender, args) {
            alert('Request failed. ' + args.get_message() + '\n' + args.get_stackTrace());
    <input id="btnFieldDefaultValue" onclick="fieldDefaultValue()" type="button" value="Field Default Value" />

Step 13 : Click on Ok.

Step 14 : In the ribbon interface click on the Save & Close button.


Step 15 : In the content editor web part you can find a button named "Field Default Value"; click on that button.


Step 16 : An alert will pop up which displays the default value for the field.



  1. SP.Field.defaultValue() Property -
  2. SP.Field.update() Method -


Thus in this article you have seen how to set the default value for a field in SharePoint 2010 using ECMAScript.

Vijai Anand

Vijai Anand has been working in IT industry for over 5 years. He holds Bachelor's degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering. Vijai write articles and blogs related to SharePoint 2013, S...

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