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Read Excel File with .NET

Posted by Lizzy Landy Articles | .NET 4.5 October 09, 2011
This article shows a simple method about how to read Excel with .NET, including xls, xlsx and csv format reading.
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Introduction

It is possible that we need to read Excel files when developing. In this article, I will show one method to read Excel file contents with .NET.

As is known, there are three types of Excel file.
  1. .xls format Office 2003 and the older version
  2. .xlsx format Office 2007 and the last version
  3. .csv format String text by separating with comma (the above two format can be saved as this format.)

We need to use different ways to read the first, second format files and the third format files.

Using the Code

Foreground

<div>
       <%-- file upload control, using to upload the file which will be read and get file information--%>
       <asp:FileUpload ID="fileSelect" runat="server" />  
       <%-- click this button to run read method--%>
       <asp:Button ID="btnRead" runat="server" Text="ReadStart" />

</div>

Background

 //Declare Variable (property)

  string currFilePath = string.Empty; //File Full Path
 string currFileExtension = string.Empty;  //File Extension
 
//Page_Load Event, Register Button Click Event

  protected void Page_Load(object sender,EventArgs e)
 {
     this.btnRead.Click += new EventHandler(btnRead_Click);
 }
 
 //Button Click Event 

  protected void btnRead_Click(object sender,EventArgs e)
 {
     Upload();  //Upload File Method
     if(this.currFileExtension ==".xlsx" || this.currFileExtension ==".xls")
       {
            DataTable dt = ReadExcelToTable(currFilePath);  //Read Excel File (.XLS and .XLSX Format)
        }
       else if(this.currFileExtension == ".csv")
         {
               DataTable dt = ReadExcelWidthStream(currFilePath);  //Read .CSV File
          }
 }


The following shows three methods in button click event.


///<summary>

///Upload File to Temporary Category

///</summary>

private void Upload()
{
     HttpPostedFile file = this.fileSelect.PostedFile;
     string fileName = file.FileName;
     string tempPath = System.IO.Path.GetTempPath();   //Get Temporary File Path
      fileName = System.IO.Path.GetFileName(fileName); //Get File Name (not including path)
     this.currFileExtension = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(fileName);   //Get File Extension
     this.currFilePath = tempPath + fileName; //Get File Path after Uploading and Record to Former Declared Global Variable
     file.SaveAs(this.currFilePath);  //Upload
}

///<summary>
///Method to Read XLS/XLSX File
///</summary>
///<param name="path">Excel File Full Path</param>
///<returns></returns>

private DataTable ReadExcelToTable(string path)
{

//Connection String

string connstring = "Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;Data Source=" + path + ";Extended Properties='Excel 8.0;HDR=NO;IMEX=1';";   // Extra blank space cannot appear in Office 2007 and the last version. And we need to pay attention on semicolon.

string connstring = Provider=Microsoft.JET.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + path + ";Extended Properties='Excel 8.0;HDR=NO;IMEX=1';";  //This connection string is appropriate for Office 2007 and the older version. We can select the most suitable connection string according to Office version or our program.

   using(OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(connstring))
   {
       conn.Open();
       DataTable sheetsName = conn.GetOleDbSchemaTable(OleDbSchemaGuid.Tables,new object[]{null,null,null,"Table"});  //Get All Sheets Name
       string firstSheetName = sheetsName.Rows[0][2].ToString();   //Get the First Sheet Name
       string sql = string.Format("SELECT * FROM [{0}],firstSheetName);  //Query String
       OleDbDataAdapter ada =new OleDbDataAdapter(sql,connstring);
       DataSet set = new DataSet();
       ada.Fill(set);
       return set.Tables[0];   
   }
}

///<summary>
///Method to Read CSV Format
///</summary>
///<param name="path">Read File Full Path</param>
///<returns></returns>

private DataTable ReadExcelWithStream(string path)
{
   DataTable dt = new DataTable();
   bool isDtHasColumn = false;   //Mark if DataTable Generates Column
   StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(path,System.Text.Encoding.Default);  //Data Stream
   while(!reader.EndOfStream)
    {
       string meaage = reader.ReadLine();
       string[] splitResult = message.Split(new char[]{','},StringSplitOption.None);  //Read One Row and Separate by Comma, Save to Array
       DataRow row = dt.NewRow();
       for(int i = 0;i<splitResult.Length;i++)
          {
              if(!isDtHasColumn) //If not Generate Column
                  {
                        dt.Columns.Add("column" + i,typeof(string));
                    }
                    row[i] = splitResult[i];
             }
            dt.Rows.Add(row);  //Add Row
            isDtHasColumn = true;  //Mark the Existed Column after Read the First Row, Not Generate Column after Reading Later Rows
     }
    return dt;
}

Conclusion

This article is just used for reference and studying easily. Therefore, there are not complicated situations considered in this method.

In addition, I want to recommand two articles about operating Excel for you.

http://www.codeproject.com/KB/aspnet/coolcode2_aspx.aspx
http://www.codeproject.com/KB/cs/csharpexcel.aspx

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