Samir Bhogayta
What is Virtual keyword?
By Samir Bhogayta in OOP/OOD on Sep 03 2015
  • Deeksha Pandit
    Jun, 2016 5

    We use Virtual keyword in the base class method so that we can achieve Runtime polymorphism. or you can better say Late Binding. you can override the base class method in the derived class.

    • 5
  • Anil Kumar Murmu
    Feb, 2016 5

    Let us understand what virtual in layman term means. It means "not physically existing". Now lets assume one of the scenario, if we have a function say Add(int firstNumber, int secondNumber); it is present both in parent class as well as child class. Now the rules in inheritance says if we create an instance of Child class, it has access to all public data members/functions in Child class as well as parent class. Now if we compile this code in VS, then we will get a warning to use New key word in Child class Add() method definition. This is the concept of method hiding. However, if suppose we remove the implementation of Add method in child class then it will call the Parent class method. That is why we should use Virtual keyword. Again we have to bid with few of OOPs rules: if any method is virtual in parent class then in child class while implementing the same(which is not mandatory) should be marked as override.

    • 3
  • Barkha Gupta
    Jan, 2016 22

    when member functions in both base and derived class is having same function name then the function in base class declaired with the keyword "virtual".

    • 3
  • Rahul Sharma
    Oct, 2016 18

    virtual keyword is used for achieving method overriding. in derived class, we want to override the base class method then it should be declared virtual in base class

    • 2
  • Ravi Patel
    Oct, 2016 18

    If a base class method is to be overriden, it is defined using the keyword virtual

    • 2
  • Prakash Tripathi
    Apr, 2016 10

    Nice explanation Anil Kumar Murmu.

    • 2
  • Prakash Tripathi
    Apr, 2016 10

    @ Barkha Gupta. Having the same name in base and derived is the result of thought process. However the main thought is if we want any method to be overridden in child classes, then we declare the method as virtual.

    • 2
  • Keerthi Venkatesan
    Apr, 2016 4

    using virtual keyword member can be overriden in a child class.

    • 2
  • Samir Bhogayta
    Sep, 2015 3

    This keyword indicates that a member can be overridden in a child class. It can be applied to methods, properties, indexes and events.

    • 2
  • Atish Soni
    Oct, 2019 11

    for overriding the base class method in a derived class, you have to declare a base class method as virtual and derived class method as override

    class A
    {
    public virtual void Test() { Console.WriteLine(“A::Test()”); }
    }

    class B : A
    {
    public override void Test() { Console.WriteLine(“B::Test()”); }
    }

    • 1
  • SWAMY YT
    Jun, 2019 20

    we can achieve method overloading in derived class by using overridden keyword with the default implementation / without default implementation then we declare that method in the base class as virtual method by using virtual keyword.

    • 1
  • Alok Tripathi
    Mar, 2017 29

    The "Virtual" keyword means that the method and variable are marked as virtual in base class you can override in derived class and change the definition of that method, its useful when you perform the Late Binding (Dynamic Binding).

    • 1

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